October 1910

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The following events occurred in October 1910:

October 1, 1910: Terrorist bombing of the Los Angeles Times kills 21 people

October 1, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

October 2, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The asteroid Interamnia, seventh largest in the Solar System (300 kilometers in diameter) was discovered by Italian astronomer Vincenzo Cerulli from an observatory in Teramo.[4]

October 3, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • The Tsucheng-yuan, also known as the Imperial Senate of China, was convened for the first time, with an opening presided over by the regent, Prince Chun. The national assembly had 202 members, of whom 100 were elected by provincial assemblies, and the others were appointed by the regent.[2][5]
  • Died: Lucy Hobbs Taylor, 77, first American woman dentist to have received a D.D.S.
  • Died: "Johann F.", 59, a patient of Dr. Alois Alzheimer at the University of Munich. The case of dementia in Johann F. was described by Dr. Alzheimer in 1911, and the name given to the illness was popularized. http://gind-db.ucsf.edu:8000/anniversary/history.htm

October 4, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • King Manuel II of Portugal and the Queen Mother were forced to flee Lisbon, after the Army and Navy joined in a coup by the Republican movement and began shelling the royal palace.[2][6]
  • Thirty-seven people were killed and 30 injured near Staunton, Illinois, in a collision between two interurban trolleys.[7]

October 5, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 6, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

October 7, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • Baudette Fire of 1910: Forest fires broke out in northern Minnesota, destroying the towns of Baudette, Spooner, Graceton, and Pitt. Lake of the Woods Historical Society Trains sent by the Canadian Pacific Railway evacuated many of the townspeople to Ontario, where the fires caused additional damages.[12] By October 11, more than 200 bodies had been recovered, the death toll was estimated at 400, and other towns (Roosevelt, Longworth, Swift, Ziplie, Solar, Cedar Spur, Gravel Pit Spur, and Engle) were reported destroyed.[13]
  • Born: Ngo Dinh Nhu, South Vietnamese political boss and brother of President Ngo Dinh Diem; both were assassinated in a coup in 1963.

October 8, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

The Dietz Family of Wisconsin
  • The "Battle of Cameron Dam" came to an end, with frontiersman John F. Deitz (sometimes spelled "Dietz") surrendering to a force of 60 Sheriff's deputies in Sawyer County, Wisconsin, after a one week standoff. For six years, Deitz had maintained a log dam on the Thornapple River and claimed it as his own. By the time the standoff ended, Deitz was popularly known as either a dangerous outlaw or a national hero.[14]
  • Portugal began the next phase of its republican revolution, with a decree expelling members of the clergy, particularly those of the Jesuit faith.[15]
  • Born: Gus Hall, American Communist leader; General Secretary of CPUSA, 1959–2000, presidential candidate 1972,1976,1980 and 1984; as Arvo Halberg, in Cherry Township, Minnesota. (d.2000)
  • Died: Maria Konopnicka, 58, Austro-Hungarian poet and writer

October 9, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

Lajoie .384084
Cobb .384944
  • 1910 Chalmers Award: Ty Cobb of the Detroit Tigers won the American League batting title with a batting average of .384944 (based on 196 hits on 509 at bats, rounded to .385), narrowly edging the mark of .384084 for Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Indians (227 out of 591). Cobb was allowed to sit out the last two games of the season, while Lajoie got eight hits in the final game. Sixty-eight years later, baseball historian Pete Palmer discovered a miscalculation in statistics and found that Cobb had actually finished with a .383 average. Major League Baseball declined, in 1981, to revise the 1910 records.[18]

October 10, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

October 11, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Theodore Roosevelt flew as a passenger in an airplane, piloted by Arch Hoxsey, at Kinloch aviation field near St. Louis. The former President of the United States remained aloft for more than three minutes.[20] Less than two months later, on December 31, the same plane would crash, killing Hoxsey. Russia's Prime Minister Stolypin had been the first world leader to fly in an airplane, going up six days earlier. The first incumbent U.S. President to fly would be Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • Sun Yat-sen convened a meeting of the Chinese revolutionary group, Tongmenghui, in the city of Georgetown capital of the British colony of Penang in the Straits Settlements, where the group set a date of March 29, 1911, to begin an uprising against the Imperial government.[21]
  • Veteran City, Florida (later renamed as Gulfport) was incorporated.

October 12, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 13, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Interstate Commerce Commission issued the first regulations requiring ladders, sill steps and hand brakes on all railroad cars in the United States.[22]
  • In fiction (Stephen King's short story "1408"), October 13, 1910, was the date that Kevin O'Malley leaped to his death from Room 1408 of the New York's Hotel Dolphin, becoming the first of 42 fatalities associated with the haunted room.[23]
  • Born: Art Tatum, American jazz pianist, in Toledo, Ohio (d.1956); and H. W. L. Poonja, Hindu spiritual leader, in Gujranwala (d. 1997)

October 14, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • English aviator Claude Grahame-White landed his airplane on the street between the White House and the Old Executive Office Building, which housed the U.S. Departments of State, War and the Navy. Grahame-White had been invited as the guest of the Army Signal Corps. After being greeted by top ranking officials, he took off again.[24]
  • Twenty-three crewmen on the French steamer Ville de Rochefort drowned after their ship was rammed by the British steamer Peveril, off of the coast of Île de Noirmoutier. The ship sank within three minutes, and only two of its crew were rescued.[25]
  • Born: John Wooden, American college basketball coach who guided UCLA to ten NCAA championships, in Hall, Indiana (still alive in 2010)
  • Died: Sydney Ringer, 75, British physician who invented Ringer's solution of sodium chloride, potassium and calcium.

October 15, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • At 8:00 am, Walter Wellman and five crewmates took off from Atlantic City, New Jersey, in the dirigible America on an attempt to become the first people to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. The flight ended after 450 miles (720 km) and three days, and the six men were rescued by the ship Trent.[2][26]
  • A homecoming weekend was first held at the University of Illinois, as alumni were invited to watch the Illini's 3–0 win over the University of Chicago. Some sources claim that the idea originated at Illinois,[27] while others cite the origin as a November 24, 1909 game at Baylor University.[28] The first "Homecoming Weekend" by that name took place at the University of Missouri in 1911.[29]
  • After 35 years, France lifted a ban against the importation of American potatoes. In 1875, the ban had been imposed because of a blight believed to be carried by the American product, and a generation of Frenchmen had grown up without the "pomme de terre".[30]
  • Japan launched its largest battleship to that time, the 20,800-ton Kawachi, from the Kure naval yard.[31]
  • At a convention of Episcopalians in Cincinnati, a proposal to change the name of the body from the "Protestant Episcopal Church" to the "Holy Catholic Episcopal Church" failed by one vote. The motion was passed 42–25 by the clergy, but declined 31–32 by the laymen.[32]
  • Ramon Barros Luco was elected President of Chile.[33]
  • French aviator Louis Baillod crashed his monoplane into a crowd, decapitating a girl and injuring several at Limoges, France.[34]
  • Died: Jonathan P. Dolliver, 52, U.S. Senator from Iowa; and Stanley Ketchel, 24, American boxer, world middleweight champion since 1908.

October 16, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Great Britain set a three month deadline for Persia to stop the raiding of commercial vehicles on the roads connecting Bushihr, Shiraz, and Isfahan, after which it would send an occupation force of 1,200 men to troops. The ultimatum was protested worldwide, but the Majlis eventually voted to set up a force to protect the roads.[35]

October 17, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • The railroad strike in France was called off, unconditionally, by the union's strike committee, only six days after it began. A total of 80,000 employees had walked off of their jobs.[2][36]
  • Seven passengers were flown from Paris to London on board the dirigible Clement-Bayard, making the 260-mile (420 km) journey in less than six hours.[2][37]
  • Born: Marina Núñez del Prado, Bolivian sculptress (d. 1995)
  • Died: Julia Ward Howe, 91, author of The Battle Hymn of the Republic; William Vaughn Moody, 41, American playwright;.and Sergey Muromtsev, 60, first President of the Russian Duma; Carlo Michelstaedter, Italian poet and philosopher, author of major works like "La persuasione e la rettorica" and "Il dialogo della salute".

October 18, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • The inhabitants of Ponape, one of the Caroline Islands under the colonial administration of Germany, revolted after a German overseer had struck a roadworker with a whip, then killed Governor Gustav Boeder and other colonial officials. A month later, the Germans put down the rebellion and then deported the remaining 250 inhabitants to the island of Angaur, and repopulated Ponape from other islands.[38]
  • The British liner Trent rescued the crew of the dirigible America three days after its departure from Atlantic City. The America had been equipped with a wireless radio and made the first distress call ever sent from the air.[39]
  • Eleftherios Venizelos became the new Prime Minister of Greece, at the request of King George. Herbert Adams Gibbons,[40]
  • The novel Howards End, by E.M. Forster, was first published.
  • The towns of Ranson, West Virginia, and Marcus, Washington, were both incorporated.
  • Died: Willard S. Whitmore, 68, American inventor of electrotyping matrix process

October 19, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 20, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • RMS Olympic, the largest ocean liner up to that time, was launched at Belfast. It would be put into service by the White Star Line in 1911, and carry passengers until 1935.[42]
  • Died: David B. Hill, 67, former U.S. Senator and Governor of New York; and General Thomas T. Eckert, 85, Chairman of the Western Union Telegraph Company.

October 21, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

October 22, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • China's Imperial Senate unanimously passed a resolution requesting that the Emperor's regent, move up the date for the an elected parliament and a written constitution, at that time scheduled for 1916. A new date of 1913 would be set as a result.[46]
  • The predecessor to the French Air Force, the Aéronautique Militaire, was established as a branch of the Army of France.[47]
  • Russia passed a law barring German immigration into its three western frontier provinces that bordered Germany. The areas on both sides of the border are now part of Poland.[48][48]
  • Died: Annis Ford Eastman, 58, first woman ordained to preach in the Congregational Church of the United States.

October 23, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

Jack Coombs, World Series hero

October 24, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

October 25, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson tried his hand at auto racing, in a competition against champion driver Barney Oldfield, before a crowd of 5,000 at Sheepshead Bay Track. The stunt, filmed for later exhibition, was a mismatch. Johnson, driving a 90 horsepower (67 kW) Thomas Flyer, lost to veteran Oldfield, who had a 60 hp (45 kW) Knox.[56]
  • The International Court of Arbitration at The Hague awarded a judgment of $48,867 against Venezuela and to the Orinoco Steamship Company.[48]

October 26, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • In Russellville, Arkansas, the first classes were held at Arkansas Tech University, known at the time as the "Second District Agriculture School".[57]
  • The Rockefeller University Hospital admitted its first research participant, opening up a new era of biomedical investigation in which physicians were given the resources and encouragement to engage in fundamental studies in the hospital laboratories on the disease problems they dealt with on the wards of the hospital.[58]

October 27, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • KONE Corporation, the world's fourth largest manufacturer of elevators, was founded in Finland.[59]
  • Born: Fred de Cordova, American television director most famous for The Tonight Show, in New York City (d.2001)

October 28, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • The first public demonstration of color movies, in the United States, took place at the meeting room of the New York Electrical Society. Charles Urban and George Smith had previously demonstrated their Kinemacolor process in London, and began their presentation with a film of "a series of bowls and vases of flowers, the bouquets being revolved so as to be seen on all sides".[60]
  • Salvador Calvero became the new Prime Minister of Peru.[48]

October 29, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Claude Grahame-White won the Gordon Bennett Cup for air racing after flying 100 kilometers (62 mi) in 61 minutes, 4.74 seconds, at a sustained speed of more than a mile a minute. French aviator Alfred Leblanc of the United States had been leading the race with a faster time over 19 of the 20 laps, before a fuel line failure caused his plane to crash.[61]

October 30, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Inventor Boris Rosing received Russian patent No. 18,076 for his invention of the first cathode ray tube that could display transmitted images, technology that was adapted for television and computer monitors.[62]
  • By a margin of 329–188, France's Prime Minister Aristide Briand was given a vote of confidence by the Chamber of Deputies.[48][63]
  • Shiraz blood libel: A mob in Shiraz drove out most of the 6,000 members of the Jewish community in that Persian city, after a false rumor had been spread that a Muslim child had been murdered as part of a ritual killing.[64]
  • Died: Jean Henri Dunant, 82, founder of the International Red Cross; and Cristóbal de Larreátegui y de la Cerda-Palafox, 73, direct descendant of Christopher Columbus styled as the 10th Duke of Veragua and 11th Admiral of the Indies.[65]

October 31, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • The first games, of the new National Billiard League, were played, with New York at Boston, and Kansas City at Pittsburgh (at that time spelled Pittsburg).[66] Pittsburg beat Kansas City 50–34.[67]
  • King Alfonso XIII of Spain declined a request by Ecuador and Peru to arbitrate their boundary dispute.[48]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fire Kills 19; Unions Accused; Two Bombs Found After Explosion Wrecks Los Angeles Times Building", New York Times, October 2, 1910, p1; L.A. Almanac
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (November 1910), pp544–547
  3. ^ "Aeroplanes in Collision", New York Times, October 2, 1910, p11; International Civil Aviation Organization
  4. ^ Bowling Green State University
  5. ^ "Republican Government in China" by Chester Lloyd Jones, in China Social and Economic Conditions (American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1912) p35
  6. ^ "Uprising in Lisbon; King Held Prisoner", Washington Post, October 5, 1910, p1
  7. ^ "Trainman Held For Wreck", New York Times, October 6, 1910, p6
  8. ^ "Premier in an Aeroplane", New York Times, October 6, 1910, p1
  9. ^ The Texas Rangers and the Mexican Revolution: The Bloodiest Decade, 1910–1920 (University of New Mexico Press, 2004) p52
  10. ^ "Manuel II Under the British Flag", Washington Post, October 7, 1910, p1
  11. ^ "Major League Baseball's First Player to Hit for the Cycle"; mlb.com
  12. ^ "Many Die In Flame; Hundreds Are Missing and Four Minnesota Towns in Ashes", Washington Post, October 9, 1910, p1
  13. ^ "Over 300 Die in Forest Fires", New York Times, October 10, 1910, p1
  14. ^ "Dietz Surrenders; He and Son Wounded", New York Times, October 9, 1910, p1; Wisconsin Historical Society; "1924: Wisconsin King", New York Times, May 10, 1999
  15. ^ Bertrand M. Roehner and Tony Syme, Pattern and Repertoire in History (Harvard University Press, 2002) p80
  16. ^ "Rescuers in Peril; Overcome by Gas While Seeking 52 Entombed Miners", Washington Post, October 10, 1910, p1
  17. ^ Edgar Cayce and A. Robert Smith, My life as a seer: the lost memoirs (St. Martin's Press, 1999) p18; "Illiterate Man Becomes a Doctor When Hypnotized", New York Times Magazine, October 9, 1910
  18. ^ David L. Porter, Biographical Dictionary of American Sports: Baseball (Greenwood Press, 2000) p842; "Cobb is Champion Batsman of World", New York Times, October 16, 1910, p C-7
  19. ^ "Time's Diary", Every Where Magazine (November 1910), p175
  20. ^ "Roosevelt in Aero", Washington Post, October 12, 1910, p1; Smithsonian/Air & Space magazine, November 6, 2008
  21. ^ H. H. Chang, Chiang Kai Shek – Asia's Man of Destiny (Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1944) pp88–89
  22. ^ p11 "The Federal Railroad Safety Program" by Charles W. McDonald (U.S. Department of Transportation), p10
  23. ^ "1408", by Stephen King, in Everything's Eventual: 14 Dark Tales (Simon & Schuster, 2007) p475
  24. ^ "Remarkable Flight by the English Aviator", The Post-Standard (Syracuse, New York), October 15, 1910, p1
  25. ^ "Steamer Rammed; 23 Drown", Indianapolis Star, October 15, 1910, p1
  26. ^ "Wellman Off For Europe in His Airship America, in a History-Making Voyage Under Auspices of the Times", New York Times, October 16, 1910, p1
  27. ^ University of Illinois Libraries; Richard Whittingham, Rites of Autumn: The Story of College Football (Simon & Schuster, 2001) p129
  28. ^ Keith E. Durso, Thy Will Be Done: A Biography of George W. Truett (Mercer University Press, 2009) p96
  29. ^ Stephen Linn, The Ultimate Tailgater's Big 12 Handbook (Globe Pequot Press, 2007) p79
  30. ^ Eugene H. Grubb and W.S. Guilford, The Potato: A Compilation of Information from Every Available Source (Doubleday, Page & Co., 1912) p496
  31. ^ "The Japanese Navy Since the War with Russia", by Adachi Kinnosuke, The American Review of Reviews (July 1911) p85
  32. ^ "Episcopal Church Keeps Its Old Name", New York Times, October 16, 1910, p6
  33. ^ "Luco Elected in Chile", New York Times, October 16, 1910, pIII-4
  34. ^ "Airship Kills a Girl— Baillod Steers His Monoplane Into a Crowd at Limoges", New York Times, October 16, 1910
  35. ^ W. Morgan Shuster, The Strangling of Persia (The Century Company, 1920)
  36. ^ "French Trains Running", New York Times, October 19, 1910, p11
  37. ^ "Trip Without Mishap", New York Times, October 17, 1910, p5
  38. ^ "Yap and Other Pacific Islands Under Japanese Mandate", by Junius B. Wood, National Geographic Magazine (December 1921), p599
  39. ^ "Wellman and Crew Rescued at Sea, Airship Lost"; "Chance Put Rescuer in Wellman's Path", New York Times, October 19, 1910, p1
  40. ^ Venizelos (Houghton Mifflin Co., 1920) p90
  41. ^ Tom Rubillo, A History of Hurricane Destruction in South Carolina: Hell and High Water (History Press, 2006) p143
  42. ^ Kit and Carolyn Bonner, Great Ship Disasters (MBI Publishing, 2003) p28; AtlanicLiners.com
  43. ^ Michael L. Hadley, et al., A Nation's Navy: In Quest of Canadian Naval Identity (McGill-Queen's University Press, 1996) p54
  44. ^ Patrick Robertson, Film Facts (Billboard Books, 2001) p149
  45. ^ "Poe Gets a Place in Hall of Fame", New York Times, October 22, 1910, p1
  46. ^ "The Chinese Revolt: A Survey", by Adachi Kinnosuke, American Review of Reviews (December 1911) p718
  47. ^ Christopher H. Sterling, Military Communications: From Ancient Times to the 21st century (ABC-CLIO, 2008) p168
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (December 1910), pp672–675
  49. ^ "Athletics Win World Series", New York Times, October 24, 1910, p6
  50. ^ The New International Year Book: A Compendium of the World's Progress for the Year 1911 (Dodd, Mead and Co., 1912) p676
  51. ^ "Siamese King Dead; Was a Reformer", New York Times, October 24, 1910, p9
  52. ^ http://www.gimyong.com/webboard/index.php?topic=29961.0
  53. ^ http://www.asiativ.com/TravelGuide/Thailand/Chulalongkorn-Day.aspx
  54. ^ "The Calendar of the Month", The World To-day (December 1910) p1433
  55. ^ "70 Killed on a Gunboat", New York Times, October 27, 1910, p7
  56. ^ "Jack Johnson Beaten", New York Times, October 26, 1910, p6
  57. ^ "History of Arkansas Polytechnic College", by G.R. Turrentine and John E. Tucker
  58. ^ The Rockefeller University Hospital Centennial
  59. ^ KONE – "100 years' history"
  60. ^ "Shows Moving Views in Natural Colors", New York Times, October 29, 1910, p8
  61. ^ "Grahame-White Wins the Cup", New York Times, October 30, 1910, p1
  62. ^ Terramedia.co.uk; http://thegreatgeekmanual.com/blog/this-day-in-geek-history-july-25-2009 "This Day in Geek History"
  63. ^ "Briand Explains His Hasty Words", New York Times, October 31, 1910, p3
  64. ^ "Looking back: The Shiraz pogrom"
  65. ^ "Descendants of Christopher Columbus"
  66. ^ "National Billiard League to Open", New York Times, October 31, 1910, p7
  67. ^ "Pittsburg Wins Cue Match", Chicago Tribune, November 1, 1910, p10