Los Angeles Times bombing: At 1:07 a.m. PST, a time bomb planted outside the offices of the Los Angeles Times detonated. The 16 sticks of dynamite triggered the explosion of underground gas lines and a subsequent fire. Twenty-one employees were killed.
Twenty-three American sailors, from the battleship USS New Hampshire, drowned when their launch capsized.
The Tsucheng-yuan, also known as the Imperial Senate of China, was convened for the first time, with an opening presided over by the regent, Prince Chun. The national assembly had 202 members, of whom 100 were elected by provincial assemblies, and the others were appointed by the regent.
Russia's Prime Minister, Pyotr Stolypin, flew as a passenger in an airplane at St. Petersburg. Six days later, former American President Theodore Roosevelt would fly as an airplane passenger in St. Louis.
Baseball outfielder Bill Collins of the Boston Doves became the first major league player to hit for a "natural cycle" (a single, a double, a triple and a home run in sequential order). Only 13 other players have accomplished the feat, the most recent being Gary Matthews, Jr., in 2006.
Baudette Fire of 1910: Forest fires broke out in northern Minnesota, destroying the towns of Baudette, Spooner, Graceton, and Pitt. Lake of the Woods Historical Society Trains sent by the Canadian Pacific Railway evacuated many of the townspeople to Ontario, where the fires caused additional damages. By October 11, more than 200 bodies had been recovered, the death toll was estimated at 400, and other towns (Roosevelt, Longworth, Swift, Ziplie, Solar, Cedar Spur, Gravel Pit Spur, and Engle) were reported destroyed.
Born:Ngo Dinh Nhu, South Vietnamese political boss and brother of President Ngo Dinh Diem; both were assassinated in a coup in 1963.
The "Battle of Cameron Dam" came to an end, with frontiersman John F. Deitz (sometimes spelled "Dietz") surrendering to a force of 60 Sheriff's deputies in Sawyer County, Wisconsin, after a one week standoff. For six years, Deitz had maintained a log dam on the Thornapple River and claimed it as his own. By the time the standoff ended, Deitz was popularly known as either a dangerous outlaw or a national hero.
Portugal began the next phase of its republican revolution, with a decree expelling members of the clergy, particularly those of the Jesuit faith.
Born:Gus Hall, American Communist leader; General Secretary of CPUSA, 1959–2000, presidential candidate 1972,1976,1980 and 1984; as Arvo Halberg, in Cherry Township, Minnesota. (d.2000)
Edgar Cayce first attained national fame when he became the cover subject of the New York Times Magazine
1910 Chalmers Award: Ty Cobb of the Detroit Tigers won the American League batting title with a batting average of .384944 (based on 196 hits on 509 at bats, rounded to .385), narrowly edging the mark of .384084 for Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Indians (227 out of 591). Cobb was allowed to sit out the last two games of the season, while Lajoie got eight hits in the final game. Sixty-eight years later, baseball historian Pete Palmer discovered a miscalculation in statistics and found that Cobb had actually finished with a .383 average. Major League Baseball declined, in 1981, to revise the 1910 records.
Theodore Roosevelt flew as a passenger in an airplane, piloted by Arch Hoxsey, at Kinloch aviation field near St. Louis. The former President of the United States remained aloft for more than three minutes. Less than two months later, on December 31, the same plane would crash, killing Hoxsey. Russia's Prime Minister Stolypin had been the first world leader to fly in an airplane, going up six days earlier. The first incumbent U.S. President to fly would be Franklin D. Roosevelt.
In fiction (Stephen King's short story "1408"), October 13, 1910, was the date that Kevin O'Malley leaped to his death from Room 1408 of the New York's Hotel Dolphin, becoming the first of 42 fatalities associated with the haunted room.
English aviator Claude Grahame-White landed his airplane on the street between the White House and the Old Executive Office Building, which housed the U.S. Departments of State, War and the Navy. Grahame-White had been invited as the guest of the Army Signal Corps. After being greeted by top ranking officials, he took off again.
Twenty-three crewmen on the French steamer Ville de Rochefort drowned after their ship was rammed by the British steamer Peveril, off of the coast of Île de Noirmoutier. The ship sank within three minutes, and only two of its crew were rescued.
Born:John Wooden, American college basketball coach who guided UCLA to ten NCAA championships, in Hall, Indiana (still alive in 2010)
At 8:00 am, Walter Wellman and five crewmates took off from Atlantic City, New Jersey, in the dirigible America on an attempt to become the first people to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. The flight ended after 450 miles (720 km) and three days, and the six men were rescued by the ship Trent.
After 35 years, France lifted a ban against the importation of American potatoes. In 1875, the ban had been imposed because of a blight believed to be carried by the American product, and a generation of Frenchmen had grown up without the "pomme de terre".
Japan launched its largest battleship to that time, the 20,800-ton Kawachi, from the Kure naval yard.
At a convention of Episcopalians in Cincinnati, a proposal to change the name of the body from the "Protestant Episcopal Church" to the "Holy Catholic Episcopal Church" failed by one vote. The motion was passed 42–25 by the clergy, but declined 31–32 by the laymen.
Great Britain set a three month deadline for Persia to stop the raiding of commercial vehicles on the roads connecting Bushihr, Shiraz, and Isfahan, after which it would send an occupation force of 1,200 men to troops. The ultimatum was protested worldwide, but the Majlis eventually voted to set up a force to protect the roads.
The inhabitants of Ponape, one of the Caroline Islands under the colonial administration of Germany, revolted after a German overseer had struck a roadworker with a whip, then killed Governor Gustav Boeder and other colonial officials. A month later, the Germans put down the rebellion and then deported the remaining 250 inhabitants to the island of Angaur, and repopulated Ponape from other islands.
The British liner Trent rescued the crew of the dirigible America three days after its departure from Atlantic City. The America had been equipped with a wireless radio and made the first distress call ever sent from the air.
China's Imperial Senate unanimously passed a resolution requesting that the Emperor's regent, move up the date for the an elected parliament and a written constitution, at that time scheduled for 1916. A new date of 1913 would be set as a result.
The predecessor to the French Air Force, the Aéronautique Militaire, was established as a branch of the Army of France.
Russia passed a law barring German immigration into its three western frontier provinces that bordered Germany. The areas on both sides of the border are now part of Poland.
Died:Annis Ford Eastman, 58, first woman ordained to preach in the Congregational Church of the United States.
By a margin of 262,066 to 238,928, voters in Switzerland rejected a proposal to have proportional representation in the national parliament.
Died:Chulalongkorn, 57, King of Siam since 1868. Under the royal name of King Rama V, Chulalongkorn abolished slavery in the Southeast Asian kingdom later known as Thailand. He was succeeded by his son, Vajiravudh, who became Rama VI. October 23 continues to be observed in Thailand as a national holiday (Piyamaharaj Day or Chulalongkorn Day).
Heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson tried his hand at auto racing, in a competition against champion driver Barney Oldfield, before a crowd of 5,000 at Sheepshead Bay Track. The stunt, filmed for later exhibition, was a mismatch. Johnson, driving a 90 horsepower (67 kW) Thomas Flyer, lost to veteran Oldfield, who had a 60 hp (45 kW) Knox.
The Rockefeller University Hospital admitted its first research participant, opening up a new era of biomedical investigation in which physicians were given the resources and encouragement to engage in fundamental studies in the hospital laboratories on the disease problems they dealt with on the wards of the hospital.
The first public demonstration of color movies, in the United States, took place at the meeting room of the New York Electrical Society. Charles Urban and George Smith had previously demonstrated their Kinemacolor process in London, and began their presentation with a film of "a series of bowls and vases of flowers, the bouquets being revolved so as to be seen on all sides".
Claude Grahame-White won the Gordon Bennett Cup for air racing after flying 100 kilometers (62 mi) in 61 minutes, 4.74 seconds, at a sustained speed of more than a mile a minute. French aviator Alfred Leblanc of the United States had been leading the race with a faster time over 19 of the 20 laps, before a fuel line failure caused his plane to crash.
Inventor Boris Rosing received Russian patent No. 18,076 for his invention of the first cathode ray tube that could display transmitted images, technology that was adapted for television and computer monitors.
By a margin of 329–188, France's Prime Minister Aristide Briand was given a vote of confidence by the Chamber of Deputies.
Shiraz blood libel: A mob in Shiraz drove out most of the 6,000 members of the Jewish community in that Persian city, after a false rumor had been spread that a Muslim child had been murdered as part of a ritual killing.