October 1912

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30 31  
October 14, 1912: John Schrank shoots Theodore Roosevelt at Milwaukee
October 18, 1912: Turkey's war with Italy ended by treaty
Roosevelt
October 17, 1912: Turkey's war with Balkan League begins

The following events occurred in October 1912:

October 1, 1912 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Turkey and Greece both mobilized their armies in preparation of war.[1][2]
  • The capital of British India was formally moved to Delhi from Calcutta.[3]
  • Born: Kathleen Ollerenshaw, British mathematician, in Withington (d. 2014)

October 2, 1912 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Bulgarian troops seized control of Turkish blockhouses at Djuma-i-Bala district.[1]
  • Serbia, Montenegro, Greece and Bulgaria, delivered an ultimatum to Ottoman Empire over Macedonia.[4]

October 3, 1912 (Thursday)[edit]

The hit motion picture of 1912

October 4, 1912 (Friday)[edit]

  • Off the coast of Dover, the collision of the submarine B2 with the Hamburg-American liner Amerika killed 15 sailors. B2 was part of a flotilla of 13 submarines patrolling four miles from Dover as part of Navy maneuvers, and crossed 60 feet in front of the bow of Amerika, which was moving twice as fast and was unable to stop. Only one man, Lt. Richard I. Pulleyne, survived, swimming upward after the sub broke in two.[9]
  • The U.S. Marines attacked Nicaragua's rebels before dawn, advanced uphill and captured the fortress on El Coyotepe despite being fired on by the remaining rebels. Four Americans and 27 rebels were killed, and another 14 U.S. infantrymen wounded.[7][10]
  • The first University of Calgary began classes, with a faculty of three professors. The Alberta provincial legislature would not give the University power to confer degrees, and the University of Alberta did not welcome the competition, and U.C. would close its doors in October 1915.[11]

October 5, 1912 (Saturday)[edit]

  • French Prime Minister Poincaré addressed the British Foreign Office regarding averting war in the Balkans, with the assistance of Austria-Hungary and Russia.[1]
  • Parliaments of Bulgaria and Serbia met in extraordinary session to discuss going to war.[1]
  • Jack Zelig, a witness for the prosecution in the trial of NYPD Lt. Becker was shot and killed in New York while preparing to board a trolley, two days before trial was to start.[1][12]
  • Carl Stearns Clancy, 22, began his quest to become the first person to take a motorcycle around the world, setting sail from Philadelphia to Dublin. He would complete the job on August 27, 1913, after 18,000 miles.[13]
  • The New York Highlanders played their final baseball game, ending a seven-game losing streak to defeat the Washington Senators 8-6, and finishing in last place in the American League with 50 wins and 102 losses. In 1913, the team would have a new manager, mostly new players, and a new name, as the New York Yankees.
  • Born: Karl Hass, German war criminal, in Kiel (d. 2004); and Kristina Söderbaum, Swiss-born German film actress, in Stockholm (d. 2001)

October 6, 1912 (Sunday)[edit]

October 7, 1912 (Monday)[edit]

October 8, 1912 (Tuesday)[edit]

King Nicholas of Montenegro

October 9, 1912 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • King Nicholas of Montenegro called on his subjects to join in a "holy war" against Turkey, as Detchitch fell to the Montenegrins.[16]
  • Romania assured Bulgaria of its neutrality.[1]
  • Game 2 of the World Series ended with no winner, with the teams tied 6-6 after 11 innings before darkness forced an early end, meaning that the second game would have to be replayed.[17] The Red Sox had won the first game, 4-3.

October 10, 1912 (Thursday)[edit]

October 11, 1912 (Friday)[edit]

  • The Prince of Wales, heir to the British throne and the future King Edward VIII, began his studies at Magdalen College as a commoner.[1]
  • Italy and Turkey broke off peace negotiations as Montenegro took Ottoman territory near Skiptchanik.[1]

October 12, 1912 (Saturday)[edit]

October 13, 1912 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Bulgaria, Serbia and Greece demanded the Ottoman Empire to grant autonomy to Macedonia within six months and served an ultimatum on the Turkish government in Istanbul.[19]

October 14, 1912 (Monday)[edit]

  • Former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt was shot and wounded by a .38 caliber bullet fired by John Schrank, a New York City saloonkeeper, who was standing at a distance of only 30 feet. The bullet was slowed when it passed through Roosevelt's metal eyeglasses case and the folded, fifty-page manuscript of Roosevelt's prepared speech,[20] but still penetrated three inches into his chest, too close to the heart to be safely removed by surgery.[21] Schrank was tackled by bystanders before he could fire a second shot, and Roosevelt went on to deliver his speech before getting medical treatment.[22] Schrank would be found insane and would spend the rest of his life at a mental hospital in Waupun, Wisconsin, where he would die on September 15, 1943.
  • Montenegro's Prince Danilo led the capture of Tuzi.[1]
  • Turkish troops invaded Serbia (at Ristovatz)[1]
  • General Benjamín Zeledón died, either killed by his own men or by the victorious Nicaraguan government.[7]
  • Born: Joseph Muzquiz, Spanish priest who worked to spread the Opus Dei movement (d. 1983)

October 15, 1912 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Italian and Turkish delegates signed a preliminary peace agreement in Switzerland at Ouchy, with the Italian fleet immediately being recalled from the Aegean Sea and Turkish troops withdrawing three days later from Libya.[23][24]
  • Turkey declined to reply to the note from the three Balkan states.[1]
  • The New York Giants beat the Boston Red Sox 11-4 to avoid elimination from the World Series and to set up a seventh game.[25]

October 16, 1912 (Wednesday)[edit]

Snodgrass
Merkle

October 17, 1912 (Thursday)[edit]

October 18, 1912 (Friday)[edit]

October 19, 1912 (Saturday)[edit]

October 20, 1912 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Viljami "Willie" Kolehmainen, a brother of Olympic distance runner Hannes Kolehmainen who had abandoned his amateur status, set a world record in the marathon as a professional athlete, running the 26 mile, 385 yard distance in 2 hours, 29 minutes, and 39.2 seconds for the fastest marathon up to that time. The previous mark of 2:32:21 had been held by Hans Holmer.[36] The official (amateur) record at the time was 2:40:32.2, held by Thure Johansson of Sweden.
  • Turkey's Vardar Army engaged in its first major battles against the Balkan League invaders. The Serbian Timok Infantry overcame the Turks at Egri Palanga, and the Bulgarian 2nd Infantry forced a retreat of the Ottoman 16th at Kocana. At Bilac, the Ottoman 19th Infantry was able to resist the invading Serbian Morava Infantry.[34]
  • Britain recognized Italian sovereignty over Tripoli and Cyrenacia.[1]

October 21, 1912 (Monday)[edit]

October 22, 1912 (Tuesday)[edit]

October 23, 1912 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 24, 1912 (Thursday)[edit]

October 25, 1912 (Friday)[edit]

October 26, 1912 (Saturday)[edit]

October 27, 1912 (Sunday)[edit]

October 28, 1912 (Monday)[edit]

October 29, 1912 (Tuesday)[edit]

October 30, 1912 (Wednesday)[edit]

Vice-President Sherman

October 31, 1912 (Thursday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba The Britannica Year-Book 1913: A Survey of the World's Progress Since the Completion in 1910 of the Encyclopaedia Britannica] (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1913) pp xxxvii-xxxix
  2. ^ "Servian Demand Rejected", New York Times, October 2, 1912; "Ottoman Army to Be Mobilized", New York Times, October 3, 1912
  3. ^ DeWitt C. Ellinwood, Between Two Worlds: A Rajput Officer in the Indian Army, 1905-21 : Based on the Diary of Amar Singh of Jaipur (University Press of America, 2005) p188
  4. ^ Erik J. Zürcher, Turkey: A Modern History (I.B.Tauris, Oct 15, 2004) p106
  5. ^ Daniel Eagan, America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry (Continuum International, 2009)
  6. ^ Freek L. Bakker, The Challenge of the Silver Screen: An Analysis of the Cinematic Portraits of Jesus, Rama, Buddha and Muhammad (BRILL, 2009) p16
  7. ^ a b c Max Boot, The Savage Wars Of Peace: Small Wars And The Rise Of American Power (Basic Books, 2003) p248
  8. ^ Lee Bennett Hopkins, Days to Celebrate: A Full Year of Poetry, People, Holidays, History, Fascinating Facts, and More (HarperCollins, 2004) p87
  9. ^ "Submarine Is Sunk by Liner; 15 Lost", New York Times, October 5, 1912, p4
  10. ^ Daniel Marston and Carter Malkasian , Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare (Osprey Publishing, 2008) pp67-68; "Nicaraguan Rebel Defeat", New York Times, October 5, 1912
  11. ^ Donald B. Smith, Calgary's Grand Story: The Making of a Prairie Metropolis from the Viewpoint of Two Heritage Buildings (University of Calgary Press, 2005) pp110-113
  12. ^ Nick Tosches, King of the Jews (HarperCollins, 2005)
  13. ^ Gregory W. Frazier, Motorcycle Adventurer: Carl Stearns Clancy: First Motorcyclist to Ride Around the World 1912-1913 (iUniverse, 2010) p xiv
  14. ^ Carl Cavanagh Hodge, Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800-1914 (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008) p69-70
  15. ^ U.S. National Library of Medicine
  16. ^ "Proclamation by Nicholas" , New York Times, October 10, 1912
  17. ^ "11-Inning Tie, 6-6, in Hard-fought Game in Boston" , New York Times, October 10, 1912
  18. ^ Rennay Craats, Canada Through the Decades: The 1910s (Weigl Educational Publishers, 2000) p27
  19. ^ The Balkan Wars: 1912-13: The War Correspondence of Leon Trotsky (Pathfinder Press, 1980) pp453-454
  20. ^ Willard M. Oliver and Nancy E. Marion, Killing the President: Assassinations, Attempts, and Rumored Attempts on U.S. Commanders-In-Chief (ABC-CLIO, 2010) pp80-85
  21. ^ "The Little Round That Refuses to Die", by David J. LaPell, Gun Digest 2011, p118
  22. ^ "INSANE MAN SHOOTS ROOSEVELT", Milwaukee Sentinel, October 15, 1912, p1
  23. ^ "Turkish-Italian Peace Arranged" , New York Times, October 16, 1912
  24. ^ a b Mesut Uyar and Edward J. Erickson, A Military History of the Ottomans: From Osman to Atatürk (ABC-CLIO, 2009) p225
  25. ^ "Giants Win, 11-4; Bostonians Fear Loss of Series" , New York Times, October 16, 1912
  26. ^ "Sox Champions on Muffed Fly" , New York Times, October 17, 1912; Timothy M. Gay, Tris Speaker: The Rough-and-Tumble Life of a Baseball Legend (University of Nebraska Press, 2005) pp20-21
  27. ^ a b Nataliya Marchenko, Russian Arctic Seas: Navigational Conditions and Accidents (Springer, 2012) p61
  28. ^ Valerian Ivanovich Alʹbanov, In the Land of White Death: An Epic Story of Survival in the Siberian Arctic (Random House Digital, 2000, with introduction by David Roberts)
  29. ^ "ThyssenKrupp Nirosta: History". Archived from the original on 2 September 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2007. 
  30. ^ Daniel E. Ginsburg, The Fix Is In: A History of Baseball Gambling and Game Fixing Scandals (McFarland, 2004) p81
  31. ^ Christopher S. Thompson, The Tour de France: A Cultural History (University of California Press, 2006) p130
  32. ^ "Treaty with Italy Signed" , New York Times, October 19, 1912
  33. ^ Mark I. Choate, Emigrant Nation: The Making of Italy Abroad (Harvard University Press, 2008) p176
  34. ^ a b Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913 (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003) p169
  35. ^ Randal Gray, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906-1921 (Volume 2) (Naval Institute Press, 1985) p390
  36. ^ "Marathon Record for Kolehmainen", New York Times, October 21, 1912; David E. Martin and Roger W. H. Gynn, The Olympic Marathon (Human Kinetics, 2000) p65
  37. ^ Deniz Bölükbaşı, Turkey And Greece: The Aegean Disputes (Routledge, 2004) p26
  38. ^ Nancy M. Wingfield and Maria Bucur, Gender and War in Twentieth-Century Eastern Europe (Indiana University Press, 2006) p165
  39. ^ Klaus Hoffmann, Otto Hahn: Achievement and Responsibility (Springer, 2001) p67
  40. ^ Dimitar Bechev, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Macedonia (Scarecrow Press, 2009) p23
  41. ^ Hans P. Vought, The Bully Pulpit And The Melting Pot: American Presidents And The Immigrant, 1897-1933 (Mercer University Press, 2004) p89
  42. ^ "Polite Avoidance: The Story Behind the Closing of Alliance College", by Michael T. Urbanski, Polish American Studies (Spring 2009)
  43. ^ "Russia finds last-days log of famed 1912 Arctic expedition", Agence France-Presse], September 13, 2010
  44. ^ "Sherman Is Dead, Hurt by Speech", New York Times, October 31, 1912, p1
  45. ^ Patrick Robertson, Robertson's Book of Firsts: Who Did What for the First Time (Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2011); "Airman Killed by Turks", New York Times, November 1, 1912,