The Southern Rhodesian government announces that, when Northern Rhodesia achieves independence as Zambia, the Southern Rhodesian government will officially become known as the Rhodesian Government and the colony will become known as Rhodesia.
Leonid Brezhnev, head of the Supreme Soviet, calls premier Nikita Khrushchev to notify him of a special Presidium meeting to be held the following day, ostensibly on the subject of agriculture. Khrushchev tells his friend and Presidium colleague Anastas Mikoyan that he suspects he is to be ousted as leader.
The Soviet Union launches Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit, the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew and the first flight without space suits. The flight is cut short and lands again on October 13 after 16 orbits.
Opening of the 16th Audio Engineering Society Convention in New York, USA. It is at this conference that Dr. Robert Moog demonstrates his prototype synthesizers.
Ethiopian athlete Abebe Bikila becomes the first person to win the Olympic Marathon twice, only 40 days after having been operated on for appendicitis.
The film version of the hit Broadway stage musical My Fair Lady is premièred in New York City. The movie stars Audrey Hepburn in the role of Eliza Doolittle and Rex Harrison repeating his stage performance as Professor Henry Higgins, a role which will win him his only Academy Award for Best Actor. The film will win seven other Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but Audrey Hepburn will not be nominated. Critics interpret this as a rebuke to Jack L. Warner for choosing Hepburn over Julie Andrews.
A 5.3 Kiloton nuclear device is detonated at the Tatum Salt Dome, 21 miles (34 km) from Hattiesburg, Mississippi as part of the Vela Uniform program. This test is the Salmon phase of the Atomic Energy Commission's Project Dribble.
The West German ship MV Magdeburg sinks after a collision with Japanese ship MV Yamashiro Maru, off Broadness Point, Northfleet, Kent, UK. It is later raised and sold, but sinks whilst under tow in the Bay of Biscay whilst being delivered to its new owners.
A tornado causes the collapse of the hangar of 1° Gruppo Elicotteri (First Helicopter Group), Italian Navy, at the Naval Air Station at MaristaeliCatania, destroying five Sikorsky SH-34G Seabat: MM143899, c/n 58-599, '4-06'; MM143940, c/n 58-710, '4-07'; MM143949, c/n 58-745, '4-08'; MM80163, c/n 58-990, '21', '4-01', and MM80164, c/n 58-991, '22', '4-02'.
^Greenhalgh, David; Thomas B. Floyd; Bill Tuckey (2000). "1964 Here come the works team". Australia's Greatest Motor Race 1960-1999 The first 40 years. Hornsby: Chevron Publishing Group Pty Limited. pp. 122–129 & 452. ISBN1-875221-12-3.|accessdate= requires |url= (help)