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Octobriana is a comic superheroine originated from literary hoax made up by Czech artists Petr Sadecký and Bohumil Konečný. According to the 1971 book Octobriana and the Russian Underground by Peter Sadecký, Octobriana was created in the 1960s by a group of dissident Russian artists calling themselves Progressive Political Pornography (PPP). Actually the story given by Sadecký was untrue and Octobriana was, in fact, his own invention.
Octobriana and the Russian Underground
In Octobriana and the Russian Underground, Sadecký describes the PPP, as a loose group of cells, not only in Russia, but throughout the Soviet Union. This group, Sadecký wrote, started around 1957, after the Twentieth Congress in 1956. At first they called themselves Progressivnaya Politika (Progressive Politics) and tried to go back to the pure principles of The White Russian people and their Scandinavian roots; the Swedish Rus' Vikings. Later they put together samizdat comics about the superheroine Octobriana. One of the stories was: "The living sphinx of the Kamchatka radioactive volcano 1934" in which she swims into a radioactive volcano and kills a giant walrus with her kris. Afterwards she brings the tribesmen of the Koryaks home with a giant flying ball. Another story was titled: "Octobriana and the Atomic Suns"
Octobriana was actually Sadecký's own creation. Petr Sadecký, while still in Prague, enlisted the help of two Czech artists, Bohumil Konečný and Zdeněk Burian, in creating a comic centering around the character of "Amazona."  Sadecký told the two that he had a buyer interested in the comic, and they worked together on writing and illustrating the Amazona comic. However, Sadecký betrayed his friends by stealing all the artwork and escaping to the West, where, in his efforts to market the Amazona comic, he changed the dialog, drew a red star on the character's forehead, and was successful only after turning Amazona into a fake political statement, "Octobriana: the spirit of the October Revolution."  Major inconsistencies in his story, and a frame in his book where Octobriana is referred to as "Amazona" (p. 83), lend credence to this story. In addition, Burian and Konečný sued Sadecký in a West German court, winning the case but never recovering all their stolen artwork. Since Octobriana is still widely thought to be the product of dissident cells within the U.S.S.R., she is not copyrighted, and has appeared in a variety of artistic incarnations.
Appearances in other comics include:
- The Adventures of Luther Arkwright by Bryan Talbot. Octobriana featured in 'The Firefrost Principle', issue 3 of the Valkyrie Press series, as well as on the cover. Talbot was said to have included Octobriana after first reading about her in a Daily Telegraph article in 1971, publicising the release of the Octobriana and the Russian Underground book in the UK.
- Cherry's Jubilee #2 - an adult comic by Larry Welz published by Tundra Publishing in 1992 and also starring Cherry Poptart (includes a two-page text recapping Sadecky's book).
- Octobriana ja helvetin X piiri (Octobriana and the Tenth Circle of Hell) by creators Reima Makinen, Petri Tolppanen and Timo Niemi, published in Finland during 1997.
- The Octobriana limited series from Revolution Comics ran for six issues (an issue 0 preceded the main 5 issue series) and was published in the UK and USA between 1996 and 1997. It featured two strips, one written by Stu Taylor and illustrated by Blake O'Farrell with Octobriana and members of the PPP (including Petr Sadecky) set in a 1960s Soviet Union. The second strip - Return of Octobriana - was written by John A. Short and featured a different artist for each of its five chapters, and was set in a contemporary 1990s Russia.
- Octobriana Filling in the Blanks mini-series from Artful Salamander in 1997/8 2 issue comic series written by Stu Taylor and illustrated by Dave Roberts and Mark Woolley.
- 'I Fell In Love With A Russian Devil-Woman' short story in Romantic Tails anthology issue 1 from Head Press in July 1998. Written by Stu Taylor and illustrated by Dave Roberts and Mark Woolley. 
- Nikolai Dante: "The Octobriana Seduction", written by Robbie Morrison, drawn by Andy Clarke and published in 2000 AD in 1998.
- Armageddon Patrol: The Shot one-shot from Alchemy Texts in 1998 by John A. Short. Octobriana clashes with the Armageddon Patrol's Maiden America during the Vietnam War. 
- The Octobriana Special from Alchemy Texts in 2001 - a one-shot comic (with features) written by John A. Short. Including a continuation of Short's Return of Octobriana storyline from the Revolution Comics mini-series with Commie Zombie Dictator from Hell drawn by Shaun Bryan. 
- She also made an appearance in the Dutch comic strip series Agent 327 by Martin Lodewijk in the album "Cacoïne and Commando's" (2000), where a character that resembles Octobriana is introduced. In the comic strip the character is called "Novembriana", but a reference is made to the samizdat album in which she first appeared.
- In 2010, the comic book company Poseur Ink announced a new title based on Octobriana, written by Steve Orlando and illustrated by Chaz Truog (DC Comics, Marvel Comics). In early 2010 the company started a Kickstarter fundraiser to start early pre-orders for the upcoming project.
- The noted underground/erotic cartoonist John Linton Roberson is co-starring Octobriana, along with a number of other public domain comics characters including Projunior, in his most recent VLADRUSHKA series in 2012, and has announced she will be revealed to be the title character's long-lost sister.
- The New Amazons Preview Special from Kult Creations in September 2013 written by John A. Short and illustrated by Gabrielle Noble, depicting the New Amazons clash with Vladimir Putin.
- A film to star Amanda Lear and to be produced by David Bowie was announced in 1974 but was never made.
- David Bowie included Octobriana and the Russian Underground in his Top 100 books list published in October 2013 
In other media
Other appearances include:
- As a tattoo on Billy Idol's arm 
- The short Finnish film Octobriana and the Finger of Lenin (2003) starring Noora Piili].
- 1997: Won "Best New Comic (British)" National Comics Award, from the 1996 mini-series from Revolution Comics
- Pospiszyl, Tomáš. "Octobriana a ruský underground, part 1." [Octobriana and the Russian Underground]. Umelec international. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- Alena (2008-03-25). "Octobriana a ruský underground - neuvěřitelný příběh Petra Sadeckého" [Octobriana and the Russian Underground: The incredible story of Petr Sadecký] (in Czech). Komiks.cz. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- Walica, Rostislav (2005-02-17). "Zdeněk Burian" (in Czech). Reflex Magazine. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- Čepelák, Vojtěch (9 October 2008). "Bohumil "Bimba" Konečný - ilustrátor Foglara, Batličky a... Octobriany!" [Bohumil "Bimba" Konečný - an illustrator of Jaroslav Foglar, Otakar Batlička and ...Octobriana!] (in Czech). Hospodářské noviny. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- Pospiszyl, Tomáš. "Octobriana a ruský underground, part 2." [Octobriana and the Russian Underground, part 2]. Umelec international. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- 2000 AD #1113-1116
- Announcement of VLADRUSHKA series at I DIDN'T WRITE THAT!.
- Vladrushka 6: "Our Beloved Revolutionary Sweetheart," Part 1, 2012, PDF
- "The Ziggy Stardust Companion".
- "Bowie’s top 100 books".
- picture and article
- info youtube trailer
- 1997 National Comics Awards
- Octobriana at the Comic Book DB