The octosyllable or octosyllabic verse is a line of verse with eight syllables. It is equivalent to tetrameter verse in iambs or trochees in languages with a stress accent. Its first occurrence is in a 10th-century Old French saint's legend, the Vie de Saint Leger; another early use is in the early 12th-century Anglo-Norman Voyage de saint Brendan. It is often used in French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese poetry. While commonly used in couplets, typical stanzas using octosyllables are: décima, some quatrains, redondilla.
In Spanish verse, an octosyllable is a line that has its seventh syllable stressed, on the principle that this would normally be the penultimate syllable of a word (Lengua Castellana y Literatura, ed. Grazalema Santillana. El Verso y su Medida, p. 46). If the final word of a line does not fit this pattern, the line could have eight or seven or nine syllables (as normally counted), thus -
- 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / Gra/NA/da
- 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / Ma/DRID
- 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / MA/(la)/ga
In Medieval French literature, the octosyllable rhymed couplet was the most common verse form used in verse chronicles, romances (the romans), lais and dits. The meter reached Spain in the 14th century, although commonly with a more varied rhyme scheme than the couplet. The French octosyllablic verse came to England via the Anglo-Norman poets from the 12th-13th centuries and influenced 4 stress tetrameter verse used in narration (as in Chaucer).
- Cushman, Stephen; Cavanagh, Clare; Ramazani, Jahan; Paul Rouzer (2012). "Octosyllable". The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.). Princeton UP. pp. 970–71. ISBN 9781400841424. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
- Jongen, Ludo; Szirmai, Julia; Winkelman, Johan H. (2013). De reis van Sint Brandaan (in Dutch). Hilversum: Verloren. p. 12. ISBN 9789087041373.
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