Oda of Meissen

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Oda of Meissen
Duchess consort of the Polans
Tenure 1018 – 17 June 1025
Predecessor Emnilda of Lusatia
Successor Richeza of Lotharingia
Queen consort of Poland
Tenure 18 April 1025 – 17 June 1025
Successor Richeza of Lotharingia
Spouse Bolesław I Chrobry
Issue Matilda of Poland
Dynasty Ekkehardiner dynasty (by birth)
Piast dynasty (by marriage)
Father Eckard I, Margrave of Meissen
Mother Suanhilde of Saxony
Born c. 996
Died After 1025

Oda of Meissen (Polish: Oda Miśnieńska, German: Oda von Meißen; b. ca. 996 – d. aft. 1025[1]), was a German noblewoman member of the Ekkehardiner dynasty and by marriage firstly Duchess and later the first Queen of Poland.

She was the youngest daughter of Eckard I, Margrave of Meissen by his wife Suanhilde, daughter of Hermann Billung, Margrave of Saxony.

Life[edit]

On 30 January 1018 the Peace of Bautzen was signed between Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor and Bolesław I the Brave. The Polish ruler was the clear winner of this conflict, as he was able to maintain his sovereignty over the contested marches of Lusatia and Sorbian Meissen, not as fiefs but as part of Polish territory, and also received from the Emperor military aid in his expedition against Kievan Rus.

During the peace negotiations in the Ortenburg Castle, was decided that Bolesław I (then a widower) reinforced his dynastic bonds with the German nobility through a marriage. The chosen bride was Oda, daughter of the late Margrave Eckard I, a former ally of the Polish Duke. The wedding took place four days later after the formal signing of the peace treaty, on 3 February in the castle of Cziczani (also Sciciani, at the site of either modern Groß-Seitschen[2] or Zützen[3]).

The marriage (which only produced one known child, a daughter named Matilda (b. aft. 1018 – d. aft. 1036) after Oda's sister, by marriage Margravine of Lower Lusatia) probably wasn't happy. The main reasons of the failure of the union were the almost thirty years of difference between the spouses and the Bolesław I's affair with Predslava, daughter of Grand Prince Vladimir I of Kiev. Another factor maybe was the apparently dissolute life of Oda before her wedding.[4]

According to the chronicler Jan Długosz, Oda was crowned along with her husband as Queen of Poland on 18 April 1025. However, this is only a conjecture noted by medieval sources. Oda's further fate and place of burial are unknown.

References[edit]

  1. ^ K. Jasiński, Rodowód pierwszych Piastów, Wrocław - Warszawa 1992.
  2. ^ Digitales historisches Ortsverzeichnis von Sachsen
  3. ^ Elke Mehnert, Sandra Kersten, Manfred Frank Schenke, Spiegelungen: Entwürfe zu Identität und Alterität ; Festschrift für Elke Mehnert, Frank & Timme GmbH, 2005, p.481, ISBN 3-86596-015-4
  4. ^ Cawley, Charles, MEISSEN, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012 ,[better source needed]
Oda of Meissen
Ekkehardiner dynasty
Born: ca. 996 Died: aft. 1025
Royal titles
Preceded by
Emnilda of Lusatia
(as Duchess)
Duchess consort of the Polans
Queen from 18 April 1025

1018 – 17 June 1025
Succeeded by
Richeza of Lotharingia
(as Queen)