Odakyū Odawara Line

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     Odakyū Odawara Line
Odakyu 50000 VSE 20100515.jpg
Odakyū 50000 series Romancecar VSE limited express
Overview
Type Commuter rail
Locale Tokyo Metropolis, Kanagawa Prefecture
Termini Shinjuku
Odawara
Stations 47
Daily ridership 1,493,451 (daily, 2010)[1]
Website http://www.odakyu.jp/
Operation
Opening 1927
Owner Odakyū Electric Railway
Technical
Line length 82.5 km (51.3 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC
Operating speed 110 km/h (70 mph)
Route map
Toride
UpJōban Line
Ayase
UpDownTokyo Metro Chiyoda Line
Kita-Senju
UpDownTokyo Metro Marunouchi Line
UpDownToei Shinjuku Line
LeftSaikyō, Shōnan-Shinjuku linesRight
LeftChūō Main LineRight
LeftYamanote, Chūō-Sōbu linesRight
0.0 Shinjukuground platforms
Shinjukusubterranean platforms
DownKeiō Line
LeftToei Ōedo LineRight
LeftTokyo Metro Marunouchi LineUp
LeftKeiō New LineUp
LeftKeiō LineUp
0.8 Minami-Shinjuku
Sanyaabandoned in 1946
1.5 Sangūbashi
Up Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line
2.7 Yoyogi-Hachiman
RightYoyogi-kōen
3.5 Yoyogi-Uehara
4.2 Higashi-Kitazawa
LeftKeiō Inokashira LineRight
4.9 Shimo-Kitazawa
LeftDaita bypass
5.6 Setagaya-Daita
LeftShindaita
6.3 Umegaoka
7.0 Gōtokuji
Yamashita
LeftTōkyū Setagaya LineRight
Kyōdō depotClosed in 1994
8.0 Kyōdō
9.2 Chitose-Funabashi
10.6 Soshigaya-Ōkura
11.6 Seijōgakuen-mae
Kitami depot
12.7 Kitami
13.8 Komae
14.4 Izumi-Tamagawa
Tama River, Tokyo/Kanagawa
LeftNanbu LineRight
15.2 Noborito
Mukōgaoka-Yūen MonorailRight
15.8 Mukōgaoka-Yūen
17.9 Ikuta
LeftMusashino Line freightRight
19.2 Yomiuriland-mae
20.5 Yurigaoka
21.5 Shin-Yurigaoka
LeftOdakyū Tama Line
Karakida
23.4 Kakio
25.1 Tsurukawa
27.9 Tamagawagakuen-mae
30.8 Machida
LeftYokohama LineRight
32.3 Sagami-Ōno
32.5 Sagami-Ōno Junction
Odakyū Enoshima LineRightDown
Ōno depot
Katase Enoshima
34.7 Odakyū-Sagamihara
36.9 Sōbudai-mae
39.2 Zama
LeftSagami LineDown
Ebina-KokubuClosed in 1943
DownLeftSagami Railway Atsugi LineRight
DownSagami Railway Main LineRight
42.5 Ebina
Ebina depot
UpLeftSōtetsu Atsugi Line
UpSagami LineRight
44.1 Atsugi
Sagami River
45.4 Hon-Atsugi
48.5 Aikō-Ishida
52.2 Isehara
55.9 Tsurumaki-Onsen
57.0 Tōkaidaigaku-mae
61.7 Hadano
65.6 Shibusawa
bypass for Limited Express
DownGotemba LineRight
71.8 Shin-MatsudaLeftMatsuda
LeftGotemba LineUp
Numazu
Sakawa River
74.3 Kaisei
76.2 Kayama
77.8 Tomizu
79.2 Hotaruda
LeftIzu-Hakone Railway Daiyūzan LineDown
80.8 Ashigara
DownTōkaidō ShinkansenRight
DownTōkaidō Main LineRight
UpIzu-Hakone Railway Daiyūzan Line
82.5 Odawara
UpTōkaidō Main LineRight
UpTōkaidō ShinkansenRight
DownHakone Tozan Line
Hakone-Yumoto

The Odakyū Odawara Line (小田急小田原線 Odakyū-Odawara-sen?) is the main line of Japanese private railway operator Odakyū Electric Railway. It stretches 82.5 km from Shinjuku in central Tokyo through the southwest suburbs to the city of Odawara, the gateway to Hakone in Kanagawa Prefecture. It is a busy commuter line and is also known for its "Romancecar" limited express services. From Yoyogi-Uehara Station some trains continue onto the Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line and beyond to the East Japan Railway Company Jōban Line.

Operation[edit]

Destinations are from Shinjuku unless noted. English abbreviations are tentative for this article.

Limited Express (特急 tokkyū?)
Collectively known as "Romancecar" services, there is an extra seat charge for limited express service. Trains bound for: Odawara; Katase-Enoshima on the Enoshima Line; Karakida on the Tama Line; Hakone-Yumoto on the Hakone Tozan Railway; and Gotemba on the Central Japan Railway Company Gotenba Line.
Rapid Express (快速急行 kaisoku kyūkō?) (RE)
No extra charge. Most services are for Fujisawa on the Odakyu Enoshima Line.
Express (急行 kyūkō?) (E)
Most services are for Odawara; others for Katase-Enoshima and through to the Hakone Tozan Line. Some inbound morning services from Karakida run through on the Chiyoda and Jōban Lines.
Tama Express (多摩急行 tama kyūkō?) (TE)
Services from Ayase on the Chiyoda Line to Karakida.
Semi-Express (準急 junkyū?) (SE)
Services for Odawara and Hon-Atsugi. Some inbound morning services run through on the Chiyoda and Jōban Lines.
Section Semi-Express (区間準急 kukan junkyū?) (SSE)
Most services for Karakida, with others for Shin-Matsuda.
Local (各駅停車 kakueki teisha?)
Most services for Hon-Atsugi; others to Odawara, through to Katase-Enoshima and the Tama and Hakone Tozan lines. Also service between Shin-Matsuda to Hakone-Yumoto. Services also from Shinjuku to Mukogaoka-Yuen.

Stations[edit]

Notes:

  • See the Romancecar article for information on Odakyū Romancecar limited express services.
  • Local trains stop at every station.

Legend:

  • ● - all trains stop at this station; ■ - some trains stop at this station;|- all trains pass
  • SSE - Section Semi-Express; SE - Semi-Express; TE - Tama Express; E - Express; RE - Rapid Express
Station Japanese Distance (km) SSE SE TE E RE Transfers Location
Between
stations
Total
Shinjuku 新宿 - 0.0 To Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line Chūō Line (Rapid), Chūō-Sōbu Line, Yamanote Line, Saikyō Line, Shōnan Shinjuku Line
Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (M-08)
Toei Ōedo Line (E-27) (Shinjuku-Nishiguchi (E-01)), Toei Shinjuku Line(S-01)
Keiō Line, Keiō New Line
Seibu Shinjuku Line (Seibu-Shinjuku)
Shinjuku Tokyo
Minami-Shinjuku 南新宿 0.8 0.8   Shibuya
Sangūbashi 参宮橋 0.7 1.5  
Yoyogi-Hachiman 代々木八幡 1.2 2.7  
Through to Chiyoda Line and Jōban Line: ○Tama Express (all trains): to Toride via the Chiyoda Line and Jōban Line
○Express (weekday mornings): to Abiko via Chiyoda/Jōban Lines
○Semi-express (some trains): to Ayase via Chiyoda Line
Yoyogi-Uehara 代々木上原 0.8 3.5 Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-01)
Higashi-Kitazawa 東北沢 0.7 4.2   Setagaya
Shimo-Kitazawa 下北沢 0.7 4.9 Keiō Inokashira Line
Setagaya-Daita 世田谷代田 0.7 5.6  
Umegaoka 梅ヶ丘 0.7 6.3  
Gōtokuji 豪徳寺 0.7 7.0 Tōkyū Setagaya Line (Yamashita)
Kyōdō 経堂 1.0 8.0  
Chitose-Funabashi 千歳船橋 1.2 9.2  
Soshigaya-Ōkura 祖師ヶ谷大蔵 1.4 10.6  
Seijōgakuen-Mae 成城学園前 1.0 11.6  
Kitami 喜多見 1.1 12.7  
Komae 狛江 1.1 13.8   Komae
Izumi-Tamagawa 和泉多摩川 0.6 14.4  
Noborito 登戸 0.8 15.2 Nambu Line Tama-ku, Kawasaki Kanagawa
Mukōgaoka-Yūen 向ヶ丘遊園 0.6 15.8  
Ikuta 生田 2.1 17.9  
Yomiuri-Land-mae 読売ランド前 1.3 19.2  
Yurigaoka 百合ヶ丘 1.3 20.5   Asao-ku, Kawasaki
Shin-Yurigaoka 新百合ヶ丘 1.0 21.5 Odakyū Tama Line (through to Karakida from Shinjuku/Chiyoda Line)
Kakio 柿生 1.9 23.4 To Tama Line  
Tsurukawa 鶴川 1.7 25.1   Machida Tokyo
Tamagawagakuen-mae 玉川学園前 2.8 27.9  
Machida 町田 2.9 30.8 Yokohama Line
Sagami-Ōno 相模大野 1.5 32.3 Odakyū Enoshima Line (through to Katase-Enoshima from Shinjuku/Machida) Minami-ku, Sagamihara Kanagawa
Odakyū-Sagamihara 小田急相模原 2.4 34.7    
Sōbudai-mae 相武台前 2.2 36.9     Zama
Zama 座間 2.3 39.2    
Ebina 海老名 3.3 42.5   Sagami Line
Sōtetsu Main Line
Ebina
Atsugi 厚木 1.6 44.1   Sagami Line
Hon-Atsugi 本厚木 1.3 45.4     Atsugi
Aikō-Ishida 愛甲石田 3.1 48.5    
Isehara 伊勢原 3.7 52.2     Isehara
Tsurumaki-Onsen 鶴巻温泉 3.7 55.9     Hadano
Tōkaidaigaku-mae 東海大学前 1.1 57.0    
Hadano 秦野 4.7 61.7    
Shibusawa 渋沢 3.9 65.6    
Shin-Matsuda 新松田 6.2 71.8   Gotemba Line (Matsuda) Matsuda,
Ashigarakami
District
Kaisei 開成 2.5 74.3         Kaisei,
Ashigarakami
District
Kayama 栢山 1.9 76.2         Odawara
Tomizu 富水 1.6 77.8        
Hotaruda 螢田 1.4 79.2        
Ashigara 足柄 1.6 80.8        
Odawara 小田原 1.7 82.5       Hakone Tozan Line (through to Hakone-Yumoto)
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tōkaidō Main Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line
Izuhakone Railway Daiyūzan Line

History[edit]

The entire stretch of the line was opened at once on April 1, 1927, by Odakyu Electric Railway. In 1942, Odakyu was forcibly merged by the government with Tokyu Corporation and the line was named the Tokyu Odawara Line. Tokyu was broken up in 1948 and the line was transferred to the newly refounded Odakyu.

Through operation to the Hakone Tozan Railway's Hakone Tozan Line began in 1950 once dual gauge trains were developed (the Hakone Tozan Line is 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in), the Odawara Line 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)). A bypass track was laid in 1955 to Matsuda Station on the Gotemba Line of the then-Japanese National Railways, and limited express service through to the line started. To function as a bypass to central Tokyo, through service on the Eidan Subway (now Tokyo Metro) Chiyoda Line commenced in 1978 via Yoyogi-Uehara.

Long standing land acquisition issues stalled major track expansion work until the early 2000s, though the tracks had been congested since around since the 1970s. In 1985, plans were formed for a track upgrading project on the Odawara Line with construction to begin in 2013;[2] the project is being carried out between Yoyogi-Uehara and Mukōgaoka-Yūen, quadrupling the Odawara Line trackage[3] and stacking the tracks underground, allowing for increased express services. Originally a viaduct was planned but this was changed to underground tracks, and work on the tunnel between Setagaya-Daita and Higashi-Kitazawa is ongoing. In March 2013, Odakyū announced that the construction is projected to continue until 2018.[4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]