Ode to St. Cecilia (Purcell)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hail! Bright Cecilia (Z.328), also known as Ode to St. Cecilia, was composed by Henry Purcell to a text by the Irishman Nicholas Brady in 1692 in honour of the feast day of Saint Cecilia, patron saint of musicians. Annual celebrations of this saint's feast day (22 November) began in 1683, organised by the Musical Society of London, a group of musicians and music lovers. Purcell had already written Cecilian pieces in previous years, but this Ode remains the best known. The first performance was a great success, and received an encore.[1]

Brady's poem was derived from John Dryden's A Song for St Cecilia's Day in 1687, which suggested that Cecilia invented the organ. With a text full of references to musical instruments, the work requires a wide variety of vocal soloists and obbligato instruments. [2] Brady extols the birth and personality of musical instruments and voices, and Purcell treats these personalities as if they were dramatic characters. The airs employ a variety of dance forms. [3] "Hark, each Tree" is a sarabande on a ground.[4] It is a duet on a ground-bass between, vocally, soprano and bass, and instrumentally, between recorders and violins ("box and fir" are the woods used in the making of these instruments). "With That Sublime Celestial Lay" and "Wond'rous Machine" are in praise of the organ. [5] "Thou tun'st this World" is set as a minuet. "In vain the am'rous Flute" is set to a passacaglia bass. [6] In spite of Brady's conceit of the speaking forest (It should be remembered that English organs of the period typically had wooden pipes), Purcell scored the warlike music for two brass trumpets and copper kettle drums instead of fife and (field) drum. The orchestra also includes two recorders (called flutes) with a bass flute, two oboes (called hautboys), strings and basso continuo.

Purcell is one of several composers who have written music in honour of Cecilia.

Movements[edit]

  1. Symphony (overture): Introduction—Canzona—Adagio—Allegro—Grave—Allegro (repeat)
  2. Recitative (bass) and chorus: Hail! Bright Cecilia
  3. Duet ('treble' [though range would suggest alto] and bass): Hark! hark! each tree
  4. Air (countertenor): 'Tis Nature's voice
  5. Chorus: Soul of the world
  6. Air (soprano) and chorus: Thou tun’st this world
  7. Trio (alto, tenor and bass): With that sublime celestial lay
  8. Air (bass): Wondrous machine!
  9. Air (countertenor): The airy violin
  10. Duet (countertenor and tenor): In vain the am’rous flute
  11. Air (countertenor): The fife and all the harmony of war
  12. Duet (two basses): Let these among themselves contest
  13. Chorus: Hail! Bright Cecilia, hail to thee

Text[edit]

2. Hail! Bright Cecilia, Hail! fill ev'ry Heart!

With Love of thee and thy Celestial Art;
That thine and Musick's Sacred Love
May make the British Forest prove
As Famous as Dodona's Vocal Grove.

3. Hark! hark! each Tree its silence breaks,
The Box and Fir to talk begin!
This is the sprightly Violin
That in the Flute distinctly speaks!
'Twas Sympathy their list'ning Brethren drew,
When to the Thracian Lyre with leafy Wings they flew.

4. 'Tis Natures's Voice; thro' all the moving Wood
Of Creatures understood:
The Universal Tongue to none
Of all her num'rous Race unknown!
From her it learnt the mighty Art
To court the Ear or strike the Heart:
At once the Passions to express and move;
We hear, and straight we grieve or hate, rejoice or love:
In unseen Chains it does the Fancy bind;
At once it charms the Sense and captivates the Mind

5. Soul of the World! Inspir'd by thee,
The jarring Seeds of Matter did agree,
Thou didst the scatter'd Atoms bind,
Which, by thy Laws of true proportion join'd,
Made up of various Parts one perfect Harmony.

6. Thou tun'st this World below, the Spheres above,
Who in the Heavenly Round to their own Music move.

7. With that sublime Celestial Lay
Can any Earthly Sounds compare?
If any Earthly Music dare,
The noble Organ may.
From Heav'n its wondrous Notes were giv'n,
(Cecilia oft convers'd with Heaven,)
Some Angel of the Sacred Choire
Did with his Breath the Pipes inspire;
And of their Notes above the just Resemblance gave,
Brisk without Lightness, without Dulness Grave.

8. Wondrous Machine!

To thee the Warbling Lute,
Though us'd to Conquest, must be forc'd to yield:
With thee unable to dispute.

9. The Airy Violin
And lofty Viol quit the Field;
In vain they tune their speaking Strings
To court the cruel Fair, or praise Victorious Kings.
Whilst all thy consecrated Lays
Are to more noble Uses bent;
And every grateful Note to Heav'n repays
The Melody it lent.

10. In vain the Am'rous Flute and soft Guitarr,
Jointly labour to inspire
Wanton Heat and loose Desire;
Whilst thy chaste Airs do gentle move
Seraphic Flames and Heav'nly Love.

11. The Fife and all the Harmony of War,
In vain attempt the Passions to alarm,
Which thy commanding Sounds compose and charm.

12. Let these amongst themselves contest,
Which can discharge its single Duty best.
Thou summ'st their diff'ring Graces up in One,
And art a Consort of them All within thy Self alone.

13. Hail! Bright Cecilia, Hail to thee!
Great Patroness of Us and Harmony!
Who, whilst among the Choir above
Thou dost thy former Skill improve,
With Rapture of Delight dost see
Thy Favourite Art
Make up a Part
Of infinite Felicity.
Hail! Bright Cecilia, Hail to thee!
Great Patroness of Us and Harmony!

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gentleman's Journal, Nov. 1692, cited in Rimbault's edition, London: Musical Antiquarian Society Publications, 1848, p. 2.
  2. ^ http://www.hyperion-records.co.uk/al.asp?al=CDA66349
  3. ^ CD liner notes, Purcell: Odes & Funeral Music [CD], Virgin Classics Ltd, 7243 5 61582 2 1
  4. ^ http://www.hyperion-records.co.uk/al.asp?al=CDA66349
  5. ^ http://www.musicalconcepts.net/legacy/deller/2-4-texts.html
  6. ^ http://www.hyperion-records.co.uk/al.asp?al=CDA66349

External links[edit]

  • Score at IMSLP including Rimbault's introduction.
  • [1] A Song for St. Cecilia's Day, 1687 by John Dryden