Odense Steel Shipyard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Odense Steel Shipyard
Native name Odense Staalskibsværft
Industry Shipbuilding
Founded 1917
Founders A.P. Møller
Defunct January 12, 2012 (2012-01-12)
Headquarters Munkebo, Denmark
Area served Worldwide
Products Cargo ships
Tankers
Tugboat
Bulk carriers
Container ships
Gas carrier
Roll-on/roll-off boats
Frigate
Parent A.P. Moller – Maersk Group
Divisions Lindø Industrial Park
Lindø Shipyard
Footnotes / references
[1]

Odense Steel Shipyard (Danish: Odense Staalskibsværft) was a Danish shipbuilding company located in Odense. It was best known for building container ships for its parent group, A.P. Moller – Maersk Group, including the Mærsk E-class in 2006 which at the time were the biggest container ships in the world. The global financial crisis led to Maersk announcing its closure in 2009 and the last new ship was delivered in January 2012.

Company history[edit]

The first yard was opened in 1918–1919 by the A.P. Møller company. A new yard with bigger and better facilities was constructed 1957–1959 on a new site located in Munkebo a few kilometres outside Odense proper.[citation needed] Odense Steel Shipyard was the largest yard within the Odense Steel Shipyard Group, which also consisted of two yards and an engineering company, all situated in the Baltic. The yard was known for designing and building innovative vessels that apply the newest technology in design and equipment.

Since 1996 the Yard built some of the world's largest container ships; including the Mærsk E-class with a nominal capacity of 15,550 TEU (originally declared as 11,000 TEU), the highest equivalent number of any vessel as of today.[2] However, Maersk chose Daewoo to build its latest and largest design, the Triple E class with a nominal capacity of 18,000 TEU, as the Asian shipyard was more competitive.[3]

Because of the innovative products developed at Odense Steel Shipyard Ltd., the company was widely recognized as an influential voice in the shipbuilding community.[4]

Ship bell and Lindø Yard name-plate onboard HDMS Esbern Snare (L17).

The original shipyard remained in operation until 1966 when all operations were transferred to the new site. Unlike the modern shipyard, the old yard produced civilian and merchant vessels only. Its first completed ship was cargo steamship Robert Mærsk, completed in 1920. Its last production was Yard No. 177, the bulk carrier Laura Mærsk.[5]

The new Odense Steel Shipyard (the "Lindø" Yard)[edit]

The new shipyard originally had two building docks No. I and II (300 × 45 × 7.5 metres each) allowing the construction of tankers of up to 100,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT). The yard was enlarged in 1967 to include a new very large building dock No. III (415 × 90 metres) and an 800 ton, 95 metre tall, 148.5 metre span gantry crane, allowing the construction of tankers in VLCC and ULCC class. The largest construction planned on the yard were two 500,000 DWT tankers, but this order was later cancelled. From the 1960s until 1977 the yard only constructed oil tankers (no larger than 330,000 DWT) as well as bulk carriers. The first RO-RO ship was built in 1979, and the first container ship in 1980. In December 1992, the yard completed the world's first 300,000 DWT double-hull tanker. In January 1996 they delivered its first Post-Panamax container ship. On 3 December 1999 the gantry crane collapsed after a hurricane in the building dock and damaged the ship No.170 Cornelius Mærsk, which was nonetheless was repaired and delivered two months later. MAN Takraf of Leipzig, Germany, delivered a new 1,000 ton, 110 metre tall gantry crane in April 2001.

The collapse in world shipping as a result of the Great Recession led Maersk to announce in January 2009 that Odense would concentrate on smaller ships[6] but in May 2009 they announced that they would be closing the yard altogether and putting Baltija Shipyard in Lithuania up for sale.[7] The last newbuild from Lindø was No.714 Niels Juel, a frigate for the Royal Danish Navy, which was delivered in January 2012.

Ships built[edit]

No. Type Name Company Tonnage Launched
1 Tanker T S Petersen 29,586 9 March 1962
2 Tanker Otto N Miller 29,586 22 August 1962
3 Tanker Angelo Maersk A P Moller 31,941 2 March 1963
4 Tanker Elmer R Peterson 30,165 8 June 1963
5 Tanker Peter Maersk A P Moller 31,979 14 December 1963
6 Tanker Roy G Lucks 30,298 15 May 1964
7 Tanker Prima Maersk A P Moller 33,018 1 September 1964
8 Tanker K H Crandall 30,298 12 December 1964
9 Tanker Seven Skies 52,629 18 April 1965
10 Tanker A P Moller A P Moller 52,673 3 September 1965
11 Tanker Jakob Maersk A P Moller 48,252 8 January 1966
12 Tanker Jane Maersk A P Moller 42,614 5 April 1966
13 Tanker Eli Maersk A P Moller 52,602 21 June 1966
14 Tanker Ferncrest 52,510 17 September 1966
15 Tanker Ferncastle 52,510 19 October 1966
16 Tanker Nordhav 52,664 7 January 1967
17 Tanker Leise Maersk A P Moller 44,905 11 March 1967
18 Tanker Naticina 60,703 10 June 1967
19 Tanker Louis Maersk A P Moller 44,896 7 July 1967
20 Tanker Evelyn Maersk A P Moller 53,227 14 October 1967
21 Tanker Stavik 52,022 16 December 1967
22 Tanker Marinula 98876 4 May 1968
23 Tanker Elisabeth Maersk A P Moller 53,227 19 March 1968
24 Tanker Dirch Maersk A P Moller 103,148 24 August 1968
25 Tanker Mitra 98,876 23 November 1968
26 Tanker Dorthe Maersk A P Moller 103,148 19 April 1969
27 Tanker Evginia Chandris 103,148 19 April 1969
28 Tanker Hamilton Lopes 62,619 4 October 1969
29 Tanker Horta Barbosa 62,619 11 October 1969
30 Tanker Esso Copenhagen Esso Transport Co. 112,763 12 December 1969
31  ?
32 Tanker Esso Skandia Esso Transport Co. 112,763 17 April 1970
33 Tanker Texaco Denmark Texaco 125,424 14 August 1970
34 Tanker Regina Maersk A P Moller 143,688 22 May 1971
35 Tanker Texaco Copenhagen Texaco 125,424 27 November 1970
36 Tanker Texaco Norway Texaco 125.474 19 February 1971
37 Tanker Rasmine Maersk A P Moller 143,686 10 September 1971
38 Tanker Rosa Maersk A P Moller 143,686 26 November 1971
39 Tanker Arietta Livanos 129,260 12 February 1972
40 Tanker Eugenie Livanos 129,260 22 April 1972
41 Tanker Roy Maersk A P Moller 143,686 30 June 1972
42 Tanker Richard Maersk A P Moller 143,686 29 September 1972
43 Tanker Romo Maersk A P Moller 143,686 3 December 1972
44 Tanker Torill Knudsen 141,873 10 February 1973
45 Tanker Rania Chandris 142,055 4 May 1973
46 Tanker Ras Maersk A P Moller 143,122 6 July 1973
47 Tanker Robert Maersk A P Moller 143,122 29 September 1973
48 Tanker Atlantic Emperor 128,398 7 December 1973
49 Tanker Atlantic Empress 128,399 16 February 1974
50 Tanker Kristine Maersk A P Moller 167,204 8 May 1974
51 Tanker Katrine Maersk A P Moller 167,204 10 August 1974
52 Tanker Limatula Royal Dutch Shell 160,420 19 October 1974
53 Tanker Linga Royal Dutch Shell 160,420 20 December 1974
54 Tanker Liparus Royal Dutch Shell 160,420 28 February 1975
55 Tanker Limnea Royal Dutch Shell 160,420 23 May 1975
56 Tanker Kirsten Maersk A P Moller 167,207 19 August 1975
505 Tug Maersk Battler A P Moller 499 8 October 1975
506 Tug Maersk Beater A P Moller 499 10 November 1975
57 Tanker Karoline Maersk A P Moller 167,207 24 October 1975
58 Tanker Kate Maersk A P Moller 167,207 30 January 1976
59 Tanker Limopsis Royal Dutch Shell 160,423 7 May 1976
60 Tanker Lyria Royal Dutch Shell 160,420 27 August 1976
507 Tug Maersk Blazer A P Moller 498 12 November 1976
508 Tug Maersk Blower A P Moller 498 23 December 1976
509 Tug Maersk Boulder A P Moller 494 11 February 1977
510 Tug Maersk Breaker A P Moller 494 11 February 1977
61/1 Tanker Karama Maersk A P Moller 167,727 11 February 1977
61/2 Tanker Nora Maersk A P Moller 36,220 10 September 1977
62/1 Tanker Karen Maersk A P Moller 167,727 10 June 1977
62/2 Tanker Niels Maersk A P Moller 39,332 12 December 1977
63/2 Tanker Nelly Maersk A P Moller 39,332 15 May 1978
63/3 Tanker Nicoline Maersk A P Moller 39,332 16 June 1978
69 Bulk carrier Torm Herdis Dampskibsselskabet Torm 26,712 28 October 1977
70 Bulk carrier Torm Helvig Dampskibsselskabet Torm 26,712 21 January 1978
71 Bulk carrier Torm Hilde Dampskibsselskabet Torm 26,712 28 April 1978
72 Bulk carrier Torm Helene Dampskibsselskabet Torm 26,712 25 August 1978
64/2 Tanker Nele Maersk A P Moller 39,332 20 October 1978
64/3 Tanker Nicolai Maersk A P Moller 39,280 9 February 1979
73 Cargo RO-RO Eleo Maersk A P Moller 21,799 8 December 1978
74 Emma Maersk A P Moller 21,799 23 March 1979
75 Estelle Maersk A P Moller 21,799 3 August 1979
76 Emilie Maersk A P Moller 21,799 3 August 1979
77 Evelyn Maersk A P Moller 21,799 12 October 1979
78 Cargo RO-RO Elisabeth Maersk A P Moller 21,799 2 February 1980
79 Tug/supply ship Maersk Retriver A P Moller 1,593 12 October 1979
80 Tug/supply ship Maersk Runner A P Moller 1,593 2 February 1980
81 Tug/supply ship Maersk Ruler A P Moller 1,592 28 March 1980
82 Tug/supply ship Maersk Ranger A P Moller 1,592 28 March 1980
83 3,300 TEU 1980–1982
Maersk L-class container
Laura Maersk A P Moller 30,694 9 July 1980
84 Leise Maersk A P Moller 30,694 19 September 1980
85 Lexa Maersk A P Moller 30,694 16 January 1981
86 Lica Maersk A P Moller 30,694 20 March 1981
87 Leda Maersk A P Moller 30,694 20 November 1981
88 Luna Maersk A P Moller 36,988 22 January 1982
89 Gas carrier (LPG) Sally Maersk A P Moller 14,062 15 April 1981
90 Gas carrier (LPG) Svendborg Maersk A P Moller 14,062 3 July 1981
91 Gas carrier (LPG) Susan Maersk A P Moller 14,062 4 September 1981
92 Gas carrier (LPG) Svend Maersk A P Moller 14,062 2 April 1982
93/1 Tug/supply ship Maersk Rover A P Moller 1,593 2 April 1982
93/2 Tug/supply ship Maersk Rider A P Moller 1,593 2 April 1982
94 Bulk carrier Elsam Jylland Elsam 71,560 1 August 1982
95 Tanker Dirch Maersk A P Moller 51,838 3 November 1982
96 Bulk carrier Elsam Fyn Elsam 71,560 4 February 1983
97 Tanker Dorthe Maersk A P Moller 51,838 22 April 1983
98 Tanker Dagmar Maersk A P Moller 51,838 22 September 1983
99 Container Regina Maersk A P Moller 36,988 10 July 1983
100 3,000 TEU 1983–1984
Maersk L-class container
Laust Maersk A P Moller 40,366 2 December 1983
101 Louis Maersk A P Moller 43,431 17 February 1984
102 Lars Maersk A P Moller 43,431 11 May 1984
103 Louis Maersk A P Moller 43,431 17 February 1984
104 Tanker Olga Maersk A P Moller 14,102 17 February 1984
105 Tanker A P Moller A P Moller 28,010 31 August 1984
106 Tanker Emma Maersk A P Moller 28,010 1 March 1985
107 Tanker Evelyn Maersk A P Moller 28,010 10 May 1985
108 Tanker Thyra Torm Dampskibsselskabet Torm 28,017 23 September 1085
109 Tanker Torm Gunhild Dampskibsselskabet Torm 4 April 1986
110 Cargo RO-RO Sea Wolf 34,318 27 October 1984
111 Cargo RO-RO American Hawaii 34,318 21 December 1984
112 Cargo RO-RO American Michigan 34,318 11 July 1985
113 Tanker Robert Maersk A P Moller 16,282 3 May 1986
114 Tanker Ras Maersk A P Moller 16,282 8 August 1986
115 Tanker Romo Maersk A P Moller 16,282 19 September 1986
116 Tug/supply ship Maersk Master A P Moller 3,949 31 January 1986
117 Tug/supply ship Maersk Mariner A P Moller 3,949 31 January 1986
118 Tanker Rita Maersk A P Moller 16,282 14 November 1986
119 Tanker Rasmine Maersk A P Moller 16,282 30 November 1986
120 Container McKinney Maersk A P Moller 43,432 12 November 1985
121 Tanker Estelle Maersk A P Moller 27,997 26 June 1987
122 Tanker Eleo Maersk A P Moller 27,997 4 September 1987
123 4,400 TEU 1988–1991
Maersk M-class container
Marchen Maersk A P Moller 52,191 12 February 1988
124 Marit Maersk A P Moller 52,191 17 June 1988
125 Margrethe Maersk A P Moller 52,191 28 February 1988
126 Majestic Maersk A P Moller 52,181 15 February 1990
127 Marie Maersk A P Moller 52,181 8 June 1990
128 Magleby Maersk A P Moller 52,181 10 October 1990
129 Mette Maersk A P Moller 52,191 24 February 1989
130 Mathilde Maersk A P Moller 52,191 23 June 1989
131 Maren Maersk A P Moller 52,191 27 October 1989
132 McKinney Maersk A P Moller 52,181 1991
133 Madison Maersk A P Moller 52,181 8 May 1991
134 Mayview Maersk A P Moller 52,181 4 September 1991
135 1,550 TEU 1991–1992
Maersk C-class container
Chastine Maersk A P Moller 16,982 1 November 1991
136 Charlotte Maersk A P Moller 16,982 8 January 1992
137 Cornelia Maersk A P Moller 16,982 21 February 1992
138 Clifford Maersk A P Moller 16,982 3 April 1992
139 Clara Maersk A P Moller 18,979 27 May 1992
140 Christian Maersk A P Moller 18,979 17 July 1992
141 Tanker Eleo Maersk A P Moller 158,475 8 November 1992
142 Tanker Elisabeth Maersk A P Moller 158,475 12 March 1993
143 Tanker Emma Maersk A P Moller 158,475 2 July 1993
144 Tanker Estelle Maersk A P Moller 158,475 22 October 1993
145 Tanker Ellen Maersk A P Moller 158,475 1 April 1995
146 Tanker Evelyn Maersk A P Moller 158,475 28 June 1995
147 Order cancelled
148 Tanker Suhail Star 159,222 17 June 1994
149 Tanker Gemini Star 159,222 1 October 1994
150 Tanker Alphard Star 159,417 23 December 1994
151 1,600 TEU 1993–1994
Maersk C-class container
Caroline Maersk A P Moller 20,842 7 December 1993
152 Claes Maersk A P Moller 20,842 26 January 1994
153 Cecilie Maersk A P Moller 20,842 6 March 1994
154 6,000 TEU 1995–1997
Maersk K-class container
Regina Maersk A P Moller 81,488 18 November 1995
155 Knud Maersk A P Moller 81,488 9 March 1996
156 Kate Maersk A P Moller 81,488 21 June 1996
157 Karen Maersk A P Moller 81,488 4 October 1996
158 Katrine Maersk A P Moller 81,488 3 January 1997
159 Kirsten Maersk A P Moller 81,488 4 April 1997
160 6,600 TEU 1997–1998
Maersk S-class container
Sovereign Maersk A P Moller 91,560 31 July 1997
161 Susan Maersk A P Moller 91,560 24 October 1997
162 Sally Maersk A P Moller 91,560 23 January 1998
163 Sine Maersk A P Moller 91,560 24 April 1998
164 Svendborg Maersk A P Moller 91,560 14 August 1998
598 Tug Freja A P Moller 323 23 May 1998
599 Tug Frigga A P Moller 323 22 August 1998
165 6,600 TEU 1998–2000
Maersk S-class container
Sofie Maersk A P Moller 91,560 30 October 1998
166 Svend Maersk A P Moller 90,503 29 January 1999
167 Soro Maersk A P Moller 90,560 23 April 1999
168 Skagen Maersk A P Moller 90,560 28 July 1999
169 Clifford Maersk A P Moller 90,560 8 October 1999
170 Cornelius Maersk A P Moller 90,560 4 February 2000
171 3,700 TEU 2001
Maersk L-class container
Laura Maersk A P Moller 50,721 31 March 2001
172 Laust Maersk A P Moller 50,721 1 April 2001
173 Leda Maersk A P Moller 50,721 19 June 2001
174 Lexa Maersk A P Moller 50,721 17 August 2001
175 Lica Maersk A P Moller 50,721 28 September 2001
176 Luna Maersk A P Moller 50,721 9 November 2001
177 6,600 TEU 2000–2002
Maersk C-class container
A P Moller A P Moller 91,560 20 April 2000
178 Caroline Maersk A P Moller 91,560 7 July 2000
179 Carsten Maersk A P Moller 91,560 6 October 2000
180 Chastine Maersk A P Moller 91,560 25 December 2000
181 Charlotte Maersk A P Moller 91,560 25 January 2002
182 Cornelia Maersk A P Moller 91,921 12 April 2002
183 Columbine Maersk A P Moller 91,921
184 Clementine Maersk A P Moller 91,921 2 October 2002
185 6,600 TEU 2003–2004
Maersk A-class container
Axel Maersk A P Moller 93,469
186 Anna Maersk A P Moller 93,469
187 Arnold Maersk A P Moller 93,469
188 Arthur Maersk A P Moller 93,469
189 Adrian Maersk A P Moller 93,469
190 Albert Maersk A P Moller 93,469
191 Support ship Absalon (L16) Danish Navy 6,300 25 February 2004
192 Support ship Esbern Snare (L17) Danish Navy 6,300 24 June 2004
193 3,700 TEU 2004–2005
container
Lars Maersk A P Moller 50,657 2004
194 Safmarine Nomazwe A P Moller 50,657 2004
195 Safmarine Nokwanda A P Moller 50,657 2005
196 Dal Kalahari 50,657 2005
197 7,000 TEU 2005–2006
Maersk D-class container
Gudrun Maersk A P Moller 97,933 2005
198 Grete Maersk A P Moller 97,933 2005
199 Gunvor Maersk A P Moller 97,933 2005
200 Gjertrud Maersk A P Moller 97,933 2005
201 Gerd Maersk A P Moller 97,933 2006
202 Georg Maersk A P Moller 97,933 2006
203 11,000 TEU 2006–2008
Maersk E-class container
Emma Maersk A P Moller 170,749 2006
204 Estelle Maersk A P Moller 170,749 2006
205 Eleonora Maersk A P Moller 170,749 2007
206 Evelyn Maersk A P Moller 170,749 2007
207 Ebba Maersk A P Moller 170,749 2007
208 Elly Maersk A P Moller 170,749 2007
209 Edith Maersk A P Moller 170,749 2007
210 Eugen Maersk A P Moller 170,749 2008
211 7,000 TEU, 2008–2009
Maersk M-class container
Margrethe Maersk A P Moller 98,268 2008
212 Marchen Maersk A P Moller 98,268 2008
213 Maren Maersk A P Moller 98,268 2008
214 Mette Maersk A P Moller 98,268 2008
215 Marit Maersk A P Moller 98,268 2009
216 Mathilde Maersk A P Moller 98,268 2009
217 Ro-Ro Maas Viking Epic Shipping 3,663 lane meters 2009
218 Ro-Ro Humber Viking Pacific Basin 3,663 lane meters 2009
219 Ro-Ro Wessex Epic Shipping 3,663 lane meters 2010
220 Ro-Ro Strait of Messina Pacific Basin 3,663 lane meters 2011
221 Ro-Ro Mercia Epic Shipping 3,663 lane meters 2010
222 Ro-Ro Cragside Yard completion (Epic Shipping)
transferred to The Maersk Company Ltd, 2011
3,663 lane meters 2010
223 Bulk carrier Aquamarine Carras Hellas 182,060 dwt 2009
224 Bulk carrier Aquaprincess Carras Hellas 182,060 dwt 2009
225 Bulk carrier Aquadiva Carras Hellas 182,060 dwt 2010
226 Bulk carrier Aquavictory Carras Hellas 182,060 dwt 2010
227 Bulk carrier Order cancelled Carras Hellas
228 Bulk carrier Order cancelled Carras Hellas
231 Bulk carrier Epic Nereus Shipping (Lemos) 182,060 dwt 2010
232 Bulk carrier Heroic Nereus Shipping (Lemos) 182,060 dwt 2010
233 Ro-Ro Strait Of Magellan Pacific Basin 3,663 lane meters 2011
234 Ro-Ro Bering Strait Pacific Basin 3,663 lane meters 2012
714 Iver Huitfeldt-class frigate Iver Huitfeldt (F361) Danish Navy 6,645 21 January 2011
715 Peter Willemoes (F362) Danish Navy 6,645 23 June 2011
716 Niels Juel (F363) Danish Navy 6,645 12 January 2012

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Odense Steel Shipyard Ltd.". Marexpo, Odense Steel Shipyard. 
  2. ^ Holt, Julie. Ebba Mærsk beats world record Ing.dk, 28 May 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  3. ^ "Daily Times – Leading News Resource of Pakistan – Daewoo wins $2bn Maersk order, talks on $2bn". 25 February 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  4. ^ Shipbuilding Companies of Denmark: Shipyards of Denmark, Odense Steel Shipyard, Royal Denship, Aalborg Shipyard, Fredericia Skibsværft A/s. Books LLC. ISBN 9781158706976. 
  5. ^ "Odense Steel Shipyard". globio.travel. 
  6. ^ "Maersk Odense shipyard to produce smaller ships". Reuters. 21 January 2009. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  7. ^ "Maersk says to shut Odense shipyard". Reuters. 10 August 2009. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 

Coordinates: 55°28′07″N 10°32′19″E / 55.46861°N 10.53861°E / 55.46861; 10.53861