Odessa, Washington

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Odessa
Town
Odessa, Washington
Location of Odessa, Washington
Location of Odessa, Washington
Coordinates: 47°20′N 118°41′W / 47.333°N 118.683°W / 47.333; -118.683Coordinates: 47°20′N 118°41′W / 47.333°N 118.683°W / 47.333; -118.683
Country United States
State Washington
County Lincoln
Area[1]
 • Total 0.82 sq mi (2.12 km2)
 • Land 0.82 sq mi (2.12 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,549 ft (472 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 910
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 875
 • Density 1,109.8/sq mi (428.5/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 99144, 99159
Area code(s) 509
FIPS code 53-50745[4]
GNIS feature ID 1507143[5]
Website Town of Odessa

Odessa is a town in Lincoln County, Washington, United States. The population was 910 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

George Finney first settled on the site of Odessa in 1886. He platted Odessa in the summer of 1899 after the Great Northern Railway had built its line through the valley in 1892. The railroad siding was named Odessa Siding by railroad surveyors after Ukrainian city Odessa, then in southern Russia, because of the German-speaking Russian wheat farmers in the area. The post office was established in June 1898. The first store was opened in 1898 by J.B. Ziegler and W.N. Schoonover. After the train depot was built in 1900, the town grew rapidly. By 1904 the town had grown from 30 to 800 people.

Odessa was officially incorporated on September 25, 1902.

Geography[edit]

Odessa is located at 47°20′N 118°41′W / 47.333°N 118.683°W / 47.333; -118.683 (47.3332, -118.6882).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.82 square miles (2.12 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ritzville, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
62
(17)
77
(25)
91
(33)
100
(38)
106
(41)
109
(43)
112
(44)
102
(39)
91
(33)
71
(22)
58
(14)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 38
(3)
44
(7)
54
(12)
63
(17)
72
(22)
79
(26)
88
(31)
87
(31)
78
(26)
63
(17)
47
(8)
36
(2)
62.4
(16.8)
Average low °F (°C) 25
(−4)
27
(−3)
32
(0)
36
(2)
42
(6)
48
(9)
53
(12)
54
(12)
45
(7)
35
(2)
30
(−1)
22
(−6)
37.4
(3)
Record low °F (°C) −29
(−34)
−27
(−33)
4
(−16)
11
(−12)
20
(−7)
27
(−3)
32
(0)
32
(0)
21
(−6)
3
(−16)
−16
(−27)
−24
(−31)
−29
(−34)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.37
(34.8)
1.05
(26.7)
1.07
(27.2)
0.79
(20.1)
0.96
(24.4)
0.69
(17.5)
0.45
(11.4)
0.31
(7.9)
0.42
(10.7)
0.74
(18.8)
1.49
(37.8)
1.66
(42.2)
11.00
(279.4)
[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 885
1920 1,050 18.6%
1930 830 −21.0%
1940 816 −1.7%
1950 1,127 38.1%
1960 1,231 9.2%
1970 1,074 −12.8%
1980 1,009 −6.1%
1990 943 −6.5%
2000 957 1.5%
2010 910 −4.9%
Est. 2013 875 −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 910 people, 394 households, and 253 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,109.8 inhabitants per square mile (428.5/km2). There were 460 housing units at an average density of 561.0 per square mile (216.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.5% White, 0.3% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 394 households of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.8% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the town was 50.8 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 15.6% were from 25 to 44; 31.3% were from 45 to 64; and 26.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 957 people, 405 households, and 268 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,170.9 people per square mile (450.6/km²). There were 472 housing units at an average density of 577.5 per square mile (222.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.39% White, 0.21% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.94% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population.

There were 405 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 27.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $34,038, and the median income for a family was $38,594. Males had a median income of $30,764 versus $20,357 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,461. About 7.9% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Special events[edit]

Each year the town hosts the Odessa Deutschesfest, which occurs on the third weekend in September. Several thousand guests travel from distant places to experience the German festival. Attractions include the Sausage Bowl (Odessa High School 8-man football), Quilt Display, Art Show, Horseshoe Tournament, Historisches Museum, Bed and Tricycle races, Flea Market, Parade featuring modern farm machinery, Jugend (Youth) Garten, German Biergarten, and food circus. Some of the foods featured at the event include traditional German sausage, kartoffel und kloese, reuben sandwiches, borscht soup, kuchen, apple strudel, hot potato salad, pfeffernüsse, cabbage rolls, and a variety of homemade pies. Polka music is provided by the Oom Pas and Mas, composed of lederhosen-wearing local musicians. The group is known for its performance of the Chicken Dance.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-08. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 8, 2014. 

External links[edit]