|Nickname(s): Одещина (Odeshchyna)|
|• Governor||Ihor Palytsia (independent)|
|• Oblast council||120 seats|
|• Chairperson||Mykola Leonidovych Skoryk (Party of Regions)|
|• Total||33,310 km2 (12,860 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 1st|
|Population (September 1, 2013)|
|• Rank||Ranked 6|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-51|
— Regional cities
Odessa Oblast (Ukrainian: Одеська область, Odes’ka oblast’; also Odeshchyna (Одещина)) is an oblast or province of southwestern Ukraine located along the northern coast of the Black Sea. Its administrative center is the city of Odessa.
The evidence of the earliest inhabitants in this area comes from the settlements and burial grounds of the Neolithic Gumelniţa, Cucuteni-Trypillian and Usatovo cultures, as well as tumuli and hoards of the Bronze Age Proto-Indo-Europeans. In the 1st millennium B.C. the Milesian Greeks built colonies along the North Black Sea Coast, including the towns of Olbia, Tyras, Niconium, Panticapaeum, and Chersonesus. The Greeks left behind painted vessels, ceramics, sculptures, inscriptions, arts and crafts that indicate the prosperity of their ancient civilisation.
The culture of Scythian tribes inhabiting the Black Sea littoral steppes is represented by finds from settlements and burial grounds. There are weapon items, bronze cauldrons, other utensils, adornments. By the beginning of the 1st millennium A.D. the Sarmatians displaced the Scythians. In the 3rd–4th centuries A.D. the tribal alliance, represented by the items of Chernyakhov culture, was created. Since the middle of the first millennium the formation of Slavic people began. In the 9th century they were united into a state with Kiev as a centre. The Khazars, Polovtsy, Pechenegs were the Slavs' neighbours during the different times. The period of the 9th–14th centuries is reflected by the materials from the settlements and cities of Kievan Rus', Belgorod, Caffa-Theodosia, Berezan Island.
Since the modern history period it was known as the Dnieper Provice (Ozu Eyalet) ruled by the Ottoman Empire and was unofficially known as the Khanate of Ukraine. In Russian historiography it was referred to as the Ochakov Oblast. The territory of the Odessa oblast was passed to Russia during the Russian southern expansion towards the Black Sea at the end of 18th century. Since then Russians heavily colonized the area establishing new cities and ports. In less than a hundred years the city of Odessa grew from a small fortress to the biggest metropolis of the New Russia.
After the World War I and February Revolution the area became part of the Ukrainian People's Republic, but soon it was lost first to the Russian Volunteer Army and then the Russian Red Army. By 1920 the territory of Odessa Oblast was secured by the Soviet authorities and became part of the Ukrainian SSR. The oblast was created on 27 February 1932 from five districts: Odessa Okruha, Pervomaisk Okruha, Kirovohrad Okruha, Mykolaiv Okruha, and Kherson Okruha. Before the World War II in 1937 eastern portions of the Odessa Oblast were split to create the Mykolaiv Oblast. During the World War II it was occupied by Romania as the Transnistria Province. After the war it was reestablished with its pre-war borders. Odessa Oblast was expanded in 1954 by absorbing Izmail Oblast (formerly known as Budjak region of Bessarabia).
The country's largest oblast by area, it occupies an area of around 33,300 square kilometres (12,900 sq mi). It is characterised by largely flat steppes divided by the estuary of the Dniester river. Its Black Sea coast comprises numerous sandy beaches, estuaries and lagoons. The region's soils are renowned for their fertility, and intensive agriculture is the mainstay of the local economy. The southwest possesses many orchards and vineyards, while arable crops are grown throughout the region.
Points of interest
Significant branches of the oblast's economy are:
- oil refining & chemicals processing
- transportation (important sea and river ports, oil pipelines and railway);
- viticulture and other forms of agriculture, notably the growing of wheat, maize, barley, sunflowers and sugar beets.
The region's industrial capability is principally concentrated in and around Odessa.
The oblast's population (as of 2004) is 2.4 million people, nearly 40% of whom live in the city of Odessa.
Significant Bulgarian (6.1%) and Romanian (5.0%) minorities reside in the province. It has the highest proportion of Jews of any oblast in Ukraine (although smaller than the Autonomous City of Kiev) and there is a small Greek community in the city of Odessa.
- 0-14 years: 15.5% (male 188,937/female 179,536)
- 15-64 years: 70.7% (male 812,411/female 867,706)
- 65 years and over: 14.0% (male 116,702/female 218,808) (2013 official)
- total: 38.4 years
- male: 35.4 years
- female: 41.5 years (2013 official)
The Odessa Oblast is administratively subdivided into 26 raions (districts) and 7 municipalities which are directly subordinate to the oblast government - 2 mis'krada (Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi and Illichivsk); and 5 misto (Izmail, Kotovsk, Teplodar, Yuzhne and the administrative center of the oblast, Odessa).
1 Jan 2012
|Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi (city) *||Білгород-Дністровськ (Міськрада)||31||58,436||57,206||Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi|
|Illichivsk (city)||Іллічівськ (Міськрада)||25||63,726||71,691||Illichivs'k|
|Izmail (city) *||Ізмаїлі (місто)||53||84,815||73,651||-|
|Kotovsk (city)||Котовськ (місто)||15||40,718||40,700||-|
|Odesa (city)||Одеса (місто)||139||1,029,049||1,008,162||-|
|Teplodar (city)||Теплодар (місто)||3||8,830||10,165||-|
|Yuzhne (city)||Южне (місто)||9||23,977||30,857||-|
|Ananyiv Raion||Ананьївський (район)||1,050||32,619||28,013||Ananyiv|
|Artsyz Raion *||Арцизький (район)||1,379||51,251||46,213||Artsyz|
|Balta Raion||Балтський (район)||1,317||48,697||43,081||Balta|
|Berezivka Raion||Березівський (район)||1,637||36,173||34,006||Berezivka|
|Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Raion *||Білгород-Дністровський (район)||1,852||62,255||60,378||Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi|
|Biliaivka Raion||Біляївський (район)||1,497||103,988||93,242||Biliaivka|
|Bolhrad Raion *||Болградський (район)||1,364||73,991||69,572||Bolhrad|
|Frunzivka Raion||Фрунзівський (район)||956||20,944||20,091||Frunzivka|
|Ivanivka Raion||Іванівський (район)||1,162||29,184||26,828||Ivanivka|
|Izmail Raion *||Ізмаїльський (район)||1,194||54,550||52,031||Izmail|
|Kiliya Raion *||Кілійський (район)||1,358||58,707||53,585||Kilia|
|Kodyma Raion||Кодимський (район)||818||34,523||30,484||Kodyma|
|Kominternivske Raion||Комінтернівський (район)||1,499||67,207||69,243||Kominternivske|
|Kotovsk Raion||Котовський (район)||1,037||30,627||28,018||Kotovsk|
|Krasni Okny Raion||Красноокнянський (район)||1,013||22,872||20,433||Krasni Okny|
|Liubashivka Raion||Любашівський (район)||1,100||33,544||31,089||Liubashivka|
|Mykolaivka Raion||Миколаївський (район)||1,093||20,158||16,599||Mykolaivka|
|Ovidiopol Raion||Овідіопольський (район)||829||60,294||72,097||Ovidiopol|
|Reni Raion *||Ренійський (район)||861||39,903||37,986||Reni|
|Rozdilna Raion||Роздільнянський (район)||1,368||56,727||57,677||Rozdilna|
|Sarata Raion *||Саратський (район)||1,474||49,911||45,813||Sarata|
|Savran Raion||Савранський (район)||617||22,176||19,740||Savran|
|Shyriaieve Raion||Ширяївський (район)||1,502||29,754||27,494||Shyriaieve|
|Tarutyne Raion *||Тарутинський (район)||1,874||45,175||41,975||Tarutyne|
|Tatarbunary Raion *||Татарбунарський (район)||1,748||41,573||39,164||Tatarbunary|
|Velyka Mykhailivka Raion||Великомихайлівський (район)||1,436||32,703||31,013||Velyka Mykhailivka|
- Note: An asterisk (*) indicates the two municipalities and nine raions which previously constituted Izmail Oblast until that former oblast's merger with Odessa Oblast on 15 February 1954; these areas lie to the west of the Dniester River, and formerly constituted the territory known as the Budjak (southern Bessarabia).
Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Odessa is the center of the Odes’ka oblast’ (Odessa Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Odessa Oblast, Odeshchyna. In Romanian, it is known as Regiunea Odesa, and in Greek, as Οδησσός.
- Nemyrovsky dismissed as head of Odesa regional administration, Interfax-Ukraine (6 May 2014)
- (Ukrainian) Governor of Odessa Region appointed Ihor Palytsia, LIGA (6 May 2014)
- "State Statistics Committee of Ukraine". Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- Results of the 2001 All-Ukrainian population census for the Odessa oblast
- State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, Kiev.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Odessa Oblast.|