Odessa University

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Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University (Odessa National University)
Одеський національний університет імені І. І. Мечникова
Odessa National University logo
Established 1865
Type Public
Rector Igor Koval
Admin. staff 1800
Location Odessa, Ukraine
Campus Urban
Website www.onu.edu.ua

The Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University (Ukrainian: Одеський національний університет імені І. І. Мечникова, Russian: Одесский национальный университет имени И. И. Мечникова), located in Odessa, Ukraine, is one of the country's major universities, named after the scientist Élie Metchnikoff (who studied immunology, microbiology, and evolutionary embryology), a Nobel prizewinner in 1908. The university was founded in 1865, by an edict of Tsar Alexander II of Russia reorganizing the Richelieu Lyceum of Odessa into the new Imperial Novorossiya University. In the Soviet period, the University was renamed Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University (literally, "Odessa National University named after I. I. Mechnikov").

During the century and a half of its existence, the University has earned the reputation of being one of the best educational institutions in the Ukraine. The excellence of the University is also recognized outside the Ukraine; Odessa National University is one of the highest-ranked universities in the world, occupying 48th place in one rating of universities worldwide.[1]

Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University comprises four institutes, ten faculties, and seven specialized councils. The University is famous for its scientific library, the largest and oldest of any university in the Ukraine (3,600,000 million volumes, ranging from the 15th century to the present day).[2]

Background[edit]

The main building of Odessa National University.

Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University is one of the oldest in Ukraine. It was founded in 1865, when by Edict of the Russian Tsar Alexander II the Richelieu Lyceum (Рішелівський ліцей, which had existed in Odessa since 1817) was reorganized into the Imperial Novorossiya (New Russia) University. All academic and scientific life of the university - from the day of its foundation - was directed by the Statute of 1863 that formed the liberal-democratic tradition of the Higher Institution which has been preserved in spite of all the disturbances in the social and political life of the country. From the very first years of its existence, the Imperial Novorossiya University became an important center of science and for training the scientific and educational cadres of the northern Black Sea coastal region.

World-famous teachers and scientists have worked at Imperial Novorossiya University during different periods of its existence, including the Nobel Prize winner I. I. Mechnikov (after whom University was later renamed), Professors I. M. Sechenov, A. A. Kovalevskiy, N. F. Gamaleya, N. Y. Zelinskiy, D. L. Mendeleyev, physicist G. A. Gamov, mathematician A. M. Lyapunov, and others. Through their activities, the Imperial Novorossiya University quickly became one of the centers of the culture of the Ukrainian, Russian, and other peoples dwelling along the northern coast of the Black Sea, and the university began to play an important role in the development of science. The first Rector of the university was Professor I. Y. Sokolov. At different periods of time, the university was headed by Professors P. N. Lebedyev, A. l. Yurzhenko, A. V. Bogatskiy, V. V. Serdyuk, I. P. Zelinskiy—all prominent specialists in different branches of knowledge. At the present time,[when?] the Rector of Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University is the Fellow of the Academy of Higher School of Ukraine V. A. Smyntyna, a specialist in surface physics.

Organization[edit]

Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University is situated in two parts of the city and occupies summarily 70 hectares. The university is divided into a number of faculties. These faculties are directly administered by the university. Structurally, the University consists of 10 Faculties, 4 Institutes, College, two Preparatory Departments for citizens of Ukraine and foreign countries, 15 scientific-research laboratories, five scientific institutes, administration departments, experimental training shops and nine dormitories for students, post-graduates and trainees. The University has a sports- and health-rehabilitation complex with its own stadium and rest-base for the students, personnel and university guests in a picturesque section of Odessa, the village of Chernomorka. In all the areas of the University location, there are cafeterias, cafes, bars and medical sections.[3]

Education[edit]

Science[edit]

  • 11 Scientific research laboratories
  • Botanic garden of ONU
  • Scientific-Research Institute of Physics (director – Doctor of physics and mathematics Professor A.V. Tyurin)
  • Astronomic Observatory

Ranking[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Joshua L Goldberg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]