Odoriko

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Odoriko
JR East 185 Limited Express Odoriko.jpg
185 series Odoriko, March 2007
Overview
Service type Limited express
Locale Kanto region, Japan
First service 1 October 1981
Current operator(s) JR East
Former operator(s) JNR
Route
Start Tokyo
Line used Tōkaidō Main Line, Itō Line, Izu Kyūkō Line, Sunzu Line
On-board services
Class(es) Standard + Green
Technical
Rolling stock 185 series EMU
251 series EMU (Super View Odoriko)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead
Operating speed 120 km/h (75 mph) (Super View Odoriko)

The Odoriko (踊り子?) is a limited express train service in Japan operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), which runs between Tokyo and Izukyū-Shimoda or Shuzenji in Shizuoka Prefecture.

Operations[edit]

Services are operated by 7-, 10-, and 10+5-car 185 series EMUs, making it the longest Limited Express train running in Japan (excluding shinkansen trains).[1]

The word odoriko means a dancing girl in Japanese. The train service was named after the title of novel Izu no Odoriko (The Dancing Girl of Izu) by Yasunari Kawabata. The stage of the novel is the destination of the train, Izu Peninsula.

History[edit]

The limited express service was inaugurated on 1 October 1981 following the introduction of the then-new 185 series EMUs, replacing the earlier Amagi limited express and Izu express services from Tokyo to Izu.[2]

Super View Odoriko[edit]

251 series Super View Odoriko

The Super View Odoriko (スーパービュー踊り子?) is a deluxe version of the Odoriko introduced from 28 April 1990.[3] It uses 251 series 10-car EMUs and runs between Tokyo or Ikebukuro and Izukyū-Shimoda.[1] The service was originally scheduled to commence from the start of the revised timetable on 10 March 1990, but rolling stock delivery delays meant that services were substituted by regular Odoriko services using 185 series EMUs.[3]

Formation[edit]

Super View Odoriko trains are formed as follows, with car 1 at the Izukyū-Shimoda end, and car 10 at the Tokyo and Shinjuku end.

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Numbering KuRo 250 SaRo 251 MoHa 250 MoHa 251-100 MoHa 250-100 MoHa 251 MoHa 250 MoHa 251 SaHa 251 KuHa 251
Accommodation Green Green Reserved Reserved  Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved
Lounge Compartments Children's play area


Resort Odoriko[edit]

Izukyū 2100 series Resort Odoriko

The Resort Odoriko (リゾート踊り子?) operates between Tokyo and Izukyū-Shimoda on the Izu Kyūkō Line using Izukyū 2100 series "Alpha Resort 21" 8-car EMUs. The service normally consists of one return journey at weekends only.[1]


Marine Express Odoriko[edit]

E259 series EMU on a Marine Express Odoriko service, December 2012

From 1 December 2012, seasonal Marine Express Odoriko (マリンエクスプレス踊り子?) services were introduced, running between Tokyo and Izukyū-Shimoda using E259 series 6-car EMUs normally used on Narita Express services. The service normally consists of one return journey at weekends only.[4]


References[edit]

  • JR Timetable, March 2008 issue
  • Satō, Yoshihiko (June 1990). "スーパー・リゾートトレイン JR東日本251系 "スーパービュー踊り子"" [Super resort train: JR East 251 series Super View Odoriko]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha Co., Ltd.) 30: p.13. 
  • Ōkuma, Takao (February 2008). "185系電車の登場の背景とそのメカニズム" [Background to the arrival of the 185 series EMU]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 37: p.12–46. 
  1. ^ a b c JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル [JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6. 
  2. ^ Miyake, Toshihiko (December 2011). "伊豆への優等列車のあゆみ" [History of premier trains to Izu]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 40 (332): p.24–31. 
  3. ^ a b JR特急10年の歩み [10 Years of JR Limited Express Trains] (in Japanese). Japan: Kousai Shuppansha. May 1997. pp. 49–50. ISBN 4-330-45697-4. 
  4. ^ "冬の増発列車のお知らせ" [Details of additional winter trains] (PDF). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 19 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 

External links[edit]