Oedipina

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Oedipina
Oedipina taylori.jpg
Oedipina taylori
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Subfamily: Bolitoglossinae
Genus: Oedipina
Keferstein, 1868
Species

See table.

Oedipina or worm salamanders is a genus in the Plethodontidae family of salamanders, which is characterized by their absence of lungs; they instead achieve respiration through their skin and the tissues lining their mouth. They are endemic to Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Mexico. The common name derives from their extraordinarily slender form with tiny limbs and digits.

Species[edit]

This genus includes the following 29 species:

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Oedipina alfaroi
Dunn, 1921
Limon Worm Salamander
Oedipina alleni
Taylor, 1954
Allen's Worm Salamander
Oedipina altura
Brame, 1968
Cartago Worm Salamander
Oedipina carablanca
Brame, 1968
Los Diamantes Worm Salamander
Oedipina collaris
(Stejneger, 1907)
Collared Worm Salamander
Oedipina complex
(Dunn, 1924)
Gamboa Worm Salamander
Oedipina cyclocauda
Taylor, 1952
Costa Rican Worm Salamander
Oedipina elongata
(Schmidt, 1936)
White-crowned Worm Salamander
Oedipina fortunensis
Köhler, Ponce & Batista, 2007
Gustavo Worm Salamander
Oedipina gephyra
McCranie, Wilson & Williams, 1993
La Fortuna Worm Salamander
Oedipina gracilis
Taylor, 1952
Slender Worm Salamander
Oedipina grandis
Brame & Duellman, 1970
Cerro Pando Worm Salamander
Oedipina ignea
Stuart, 1952
Chimaltenango Worm Salamander
Oedipina kasois
McCrane, Vieites & Wake, 2008
Oedipina leptopoda
McCrane, Vieites & Wake, 2008
Oedipina maritima
García-París & Wake, 2000
Maritime Worm Salamander
Oedipina nica
Sunyer, & Wake, 2010
Maritime Worm Salamander
Oedipina pacificensis
Taylor, 1952
Pacific Worm Salamander
Oedipina parvipes
(Peters, 1879)
Columbian Worm Salamander
Oedipina paucidentata
Brame, 1968
El Empalme Worm Salamander
Oedipina poelzi
Brame, 1963
Quarry Worm Salamander
Oedipina pseudouniformis
Brame, 1968
False Cienega Colorado Worm Salamander
Oedipina quadra
McCrane, Vieites & Wake, 2008
Oedipina savagei
García-París & Wake, 2000
Savage's Worm Salamander
Oedipina stenopodia
Brodie & Campbell, 1993
Narrow-footed Worm Salamander
Oedipina stuarti
Brame, 1968
Stuart's Worm Salamander
Oedipina taylori
Stuart, 1952
Taylor's worm Salamander
Oedipina tomasi
McCranie, 2006
Tomas' Worm Salamander
Oedipina uniformis
Keferstein, 1868
Cienega Colorado Worm Salamander

External links[edit]

  • Frost, Darrel R. 2007. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.2 (15 July 2008). Oedipina. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (Accessed: August 1, 2008).
  • AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2008. Berkeley, California: Oedipina. AmphibiaWeb, available at http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: August 1, 2008).