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Οινόανδα (Greek)
Oinoanda 3.JPG
The Greco-Roman theatre in Oenoanda
Oenoanda is located in Turkey
Shown within Turkey
Alternate name Oinoanda
Location İncealiler, Muğla Province, Turkey
Region Lycia
Coordinates 36°48′33″N 29°32′59″E / 36.80917°N 29.54972°E / 36.80917; 29.54972Coordinates: 36°48′33″N 29°32′59″E / 36.80917°N 29.54972°E / 36.80917; 29.54972
Type Settlement
Associated with Diogenes

Oenoanda or Oinoanda (Greek: τὰ Οἰνόανδα) was an ancient Greek city in Lycia, in the upper valley of the River Xanthus. The ruins of the city are found west of the modern village İncealiler in the Fethiye district of Muğla Province, Turkey.


It was the most southerly of the Kibyran Tetrapolis in the Hellenistic Period, which was dissolved by L. Licinius Murena in 84 BCE, whereupon Oenoanda became part of the koinon of Lycia,[1] as its inscriptions abundantly demonstrate. The early history of the settlement is obscure, in spite of an exploratory survey carried out, with permission of the Turkish authorities, by B.I.A.A. in 1974–76.[2] It seems that Oinoanda became a colony of Termessos about 200-190 BC and was also called Termessos Minor [3](or Termessos i pros Oinoanda).

The site was first noted by Hoskyns and Forbes, in 1841, and published in the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, xii (1843). It is noted for the philosophical inscription by the Epicurean, Diogenes of Oenoanda, and recovered in scattered fragments, apparently from the stoa, which it cannot be assumed he erected himself.[4] The stoa of Diogenes was dismantled in the second half of the third century CE to make room for a defensive wall; previously the site had been undefended.[5]

Oenoanda was replaced in stages by the medieval village now represented by Incealiler, which partly overlies the ancient site.

Evidence for an ancient Roman Bridge at Oinoanda has surfaced in the 1990s.[6]

New archaeological work is being conducted at the site by the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut.[7]


  1. ^ Strabo, xiii.4.17.
  2. ^ Alan Hall, "The Oenoanda Survey: 1974-76", Anatolian Studies 26 (1976:191-197).
  3. ^ Rousset D., De Lycie en Cabalide, fouilles de Xanthos X, Droz, Genève 2010
  4. ^ C.W. Chilton, Diogenes of Oenoanda: The Fragments (1971); Hall 1976:196 note 23.
  5. ^ Hall 1976:196.
  6. ^ N. P. Milner: "A Roman Bridge at Oinoanda", Anatolian Studies, Vol. 48 (1998), p.117–123
  7. ^ http://www.dainst.org/index_8097_en.html

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