Aerial view of Oestrich and Rhine river
|• Mayor||Paul Weimann|
|• Total||59.53 km2 (22.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||190/km2 (500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Culture and sightseeing
- 5 Economy and infrastructure
- 6 Famous people
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Oestrich-Winkel, which culturally belongs to the Rheingau region, lies on the Rhine River, 19 km westsouthwest of Wiesbaden and 17 km west of Mainz. It is, as a part of the Rheingau wine region, the largest wine growing town of Hesse.
Oestrich-Winkel borders in the north on the town of Lorch and the municipalities of Welterod (Rhein-Lahn-Kreis in Rhineland-Palatinate), Heidenrod and Schlangenbad; in the east on the town of Eltville; in the south, across the Rhine, on the town of Ingelheim (Mainz-Bingen district in Rhineland-Palatinate) and in the west on the town of Geisenheim.
Oestrich-Winkel as a municipality consists of four Stadtteile:
Hallgarten as the only one of these has the status as a Ortsbezirk.
Oestrich-Winkel was founded on the 1st of July, 1972 by the merger of the municipalities of Mittelheim, Oestrich and Winkel; it was further enlarged by incorporation of Hallgarten in 1977 by law. From the very beginning Oestrich-Winkel was entitled by state government to lead the designation Stadt (town).
The municipal election held on 26 March 2006, yielded the following results:
|Parties and voter communities||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||43.4||16||47.9||18|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||29.6||11||31.1||11|
|GREENS||Bündnis 90/Die Grünen||19.1||7||10.8||4|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||7.9||3||4.3||2|
|Voter turnout in %||51.5||60.2|
The town of Oestrich-Winkel maintains partnerships with the following two places and one military unit:
- Tokaj, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Hungary
- Denicé, Rhône, France
- 2./ Fernmeldebataillon 283 (roughly, “signal corps”) in Lahnstein.
Coat of arms
The town’s arms might be described thus: Gules a Z reversed with cross stroke argent between two mullets of six Or.
The Z is a variant of a common German heraldic charge known in German as a Wolfsangel or Doppelhaken, and its appearance here apparently refers to its use for dealing with wolves in earlier times (the Wolfsangel is believed to have been used as a wolf trap). The arms themselves go back to the 17th century.
Culture and sightseeing
Oestrich-Winkel is characterized by winegrowing. The following places are cultivated:
- Oestrich: Lenchen, Doosberg, Klosterberg, Pfaffenberg
- Mittelheim: Edelmann, St. Nikolaus, Goldberg
- Winkel: Dachsberg, Hasensprung, Gutenberg, Jesuitengarten, Bienengarten, Schloß Vollrads
- Hallgarten: Jungfer, Würzgarten, Schönhell, Hendelberg, Mehrhölzchen
The Oestricher Kran, Oestrich-Winkel’s main landmark, is a former wine-loading crane from the 18th century for loading and unloading ships. Completed in 1745, it was working until 1926. Inside the crane are two treadmills in each of which two men used their body weight to work a winch, which could then lift loads onto or off ships. It is the last preserved wine-loading crane on the Rhine’s right bank. There were once also such cranes in Lorch, Eltville and Rüdesheim. These cranes can still be found in existence along the Rhine at Andernach (stone; loaded tuff, millstones and wine barrels) and Bingen (wood, loaded mainly wine barrels).
In Mittelheim is found one of Germany’s oldest stone churches, St.-Aegidius-Basilika (“Saint Giles’s Basilica”).
In Winkel stands Germany’s oldest stone house, the Graues Haus (“Grey House”). For a long time it was believed that Rabanus Maurus lived and in 856 died there. Schloss Vollrads, outside Winkel, with its ancient watertower likewise belongs among the noteworthy sights. On the town’s northeast limit near Hattenheim stands Schloss Reichartshausen (founded in the 12th century) with its outbuildings, which about 1900 were remodelled to look like follies. It nowadays houses the European Business School. In the middle of the community stands the Brentanohaus. Here, Goethe spent some time in 1814 as a guest of the Frankfurt banking family Brentano. The family’s children were Clemens, Gunda and Bettina Brentano. Karoline von Günderrode, a poet and one of Bettina’s friends, stabbed herself here in Winkel in 1806 on the Rhine’s bank out of lovesickness and life weariness. Since 2003, the barn across from the Brentanohaus has hosted the cultural and event venue Brentanoscheune (Scheune means “barn”).
Rheingau Musik Festival
The Rheingau Musik Festival has its office in Oestrich in a former winery, the presshouse (Kelterhalle) converted to a hall for intimitate concerts and events. Festival concerts have taken place in the basilica St. Aegidius, such as a recital of Elisabeth Scholl.
Economy and infrastructure
Since 1980 Oestrich-Winkel has been the seat of the EBS Universität für Wirtschaft und Recht. Further educational institutions are, among others, the Clemens-Brentano-Schule (primary school and Hauptschule), the Rabanus-Maurus-Schule (primary school and Hauptschule with orientation level) and Hallgarten primary school.
Oestrich-Winkel lies right on Bundesstraße 42, which is particularly well developed towards the east, and which seamlessly feeds into the A 66 near Wiesbaden. The town lies on the Frankfurt am Main–Wiesbaden–Oestrich-Winkel–Koblenz railway line and belongs to the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund. Furthermore, between 6:00 and 21:00, a ferry shuttles across the Rhine between Mittelheim and Ingelheim, where there is a link with the A 60.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Richard von Greiffenklau zu Vollrads (1467 – 13 March 1531), Archbishop and Elector of Trier, was born at Schloss Vollrads
- Peter Spahn (22 May 1846 – 31 August 1925 in Bad Wildungen), German politician (ZENTRUM), Member of the Reichstag, Member of the Landtag (Prussia), Prussian Justice Minister, was born in Winkel
- Rabanus Maurus (d. 856), important Carolingian academic, died in Winkel
- Karoline von Günderrode (1780–1806), Romantic poet, committed suicide in Winkel
- Andreas Joseph Hofmann, Metternich’s teacher, revolutionary, France’s agent in London, and in 1793 German history’s first Parliamentary president in the Rhenish-German National Convention
- "Die Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). September 2014.
- Information about the Lenchenfest[dead link]
- Information about the Dippemarkt),[dead link]
- Kelterhalle des Rheingau Musik Festivals, Oestrich on the Rheingau Musik Festival website (German/English)
- St. Aegidius, Mittelheim on the Rheingau Musik Festival website (German/English)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oestrich-Winkel.|
- Bild von Oestrich aus J.F. Dielmann, A. Fay, J. Becker (Zeichner): F.C. Vogels Panorama des Rheins, Bilder des rechten und linken Rheinufers, Lithographische Anstalt F.C. Vogel, Frankfurt 1833
- Bild von Mittelheim aus J.F. Dielmann, A. Fay, J. Becker (Zeichner): F.C. Vogels Panorama des Rheins, Bilder des rechten und linken Rheinufers, Lithographische Anstalt F.C. Vogel, Frankfurt 1833