Oevaang Oeray

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Oevaang Oeray
Oevaang Oeray.jpg
3rd Governor of West Kalimantan
In office
1960–1966
Preceded by Djenal Asikin Judadibrata
Succeeded by Soemardi
Personal details
Born (1922-08-18)18 August 1922
Died 17 July 1986(1986-07-17) (aged 63)
Pontianak, Indonesia
Nationality Indonesian
Religion Roman Catholic

Johanes Chrisostomus Oevaang Oeray (18 August 1922 – 17 July 1986) was an Indonesian politician. He was the Governor of West Kalimantan from 1960 to 1966; he was the first ethnic Dayak to hold the position.[1]

Oevaang Oeray was a founder of the Dayak Unity Party, which participated in the Indonesian elections of 1955.[2][3] He was a staunch supporter of freedom of religion and the separation of church and state.[4]

Biography[edit]

Oevaang Oeray was born in Kedamin, Kapuas Hulu, on 18 August 1922. He was the youngest child born to Ledjo and Hurei, Dayak farmers and rubber workers.[5]

In 1959 Oevang was selected as the Governor of West Kalimantan by the provincial legislative board. This was confirmed by President Sukarno with Presidential Decree 465/1959, dated 24 December 1959. Oevang's term was to last from 1 January 1960 until 12 July 1966.[6] The success of his Dayak Unity Party, which received 146,054 votes during the 1955 legislative election,[6] led to non-Dayaks accusing him of nepotism, selecting only ethnic Dayaks for government employment and thus dividing the province on ethnic lines.[3]

In 1964 General Supardjo, the commander of the IV Mandala Siaga Fighting Squad, took complete military control of the province. He left the area in 1965 after receiving a letter from his wife[7] and was replaced by A.J. Winoto, who fought against guerrillas along the Sarawak border.[7] Oevaang Oeray lent Winoto political support.[7]

As Oevaang Oeray was close to President Sukarno/Soekarnois, after the 30 September Movement killed six generals in Jakarta Oevaang Oeray was accused of being involved with the Indonesian Communist Party.[5] Although Oevaang Oeray was a leftist, he was not a supporter of the Communist Party.[7] Many other ethnic Dayaks were accused of being communist sympathisers during this time.[6]

On 12 July 1966 Internal Minister Basuki Rahmat dismissed Oevaang Oeray, replacing him with Lieutenant Colonel Soemadi.[8] This was a little more than two months before his term was to expire,[5] and based on Decree Number UP.12/2/43-912 of 12 July 1966.[8] Soemadi was reconfirmed in 1967.[8]

Legacy[edit]

The government of West Kalimantan has put forth Oeray and Djeranding Abdurrahman as possible National Heroes, but as of July 2012 this title has not been granted.[9] This proposal has received support from the People's Consultative Assembly leader Hajriyanto Y Thohari.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Endi, Severianus (8 June 2012). "W. Kalimantan proposes national heroes" [Kalbar mengajukan pahlawan nasional]. The Jakarta Post (in Inggris). Archived from the original on 8 June 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Bangkit Runtuhnya Partai Persatuan Dayak. Harian Equator. Accessed on 14 July 2012
  3. ^ a b Van Klinken, Gerry; Nordholt, Henk Schulte; Hoogenboom, Ireen Karang (2007). Politik Lokal di Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia; KITLV. p. 467. ISBN 979-461-615-X. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  4. ^ Aritonang, Jan S. (2004). Sejarah Perjumpaan Kristen Dan Islam Di Indonesia. BPK Gunung Mulia. p. 317. ISBN 979-687-221-8. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Aju. JC Oevaang Oeray, Mengorbankan sang Pencetus Pancasila Sinar-Harapan. 31 May 2011. Accessed on 15 July 2012. Archived from the original[dead link]
  6. ^ a b c "Sejarah Perpolitikan Dayak di Bumi Kalimantan Barat". Info Pontianak. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d Poulgrain, Greg (1998). The Genesis of Konfrontasi: Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, 1945–1965 [Kejadian Konfrontasi:Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia]. London: C.Hurst & Co. Publisher. p. 262. ISBN 1-85065-510-3. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Pergantian Gubernur , J.C Oevang Oeray – Soemadi – Kadarusno Borneo Tribun. 2 February 2011. Accessed on 14 July 2012.
  9. ^ a b Prabowo, Hermas Effendi. Oeray dan Djerandeng Layak Jadi Pahlawan Nasional Kompas. 13 July 2012. Accessed on 15 July 2012.
  10. ^ Usulkan Tokoh Kalbar Dijadikan Pahlawan Nasional JPNN. 12 July 2012. Accessed on 15 July 2012.
Political offices
Preceded by
Djenal Asikin Judadibrata
Governor of West Kalimantan
1960–1966
Succeeded by
Soemardi