|3rd Governor of West Kalimantan|
|Preceded by||Djenal Asikin Judadibrata|
|Born||18 August 1922|
|Died||17 July 1986
Johanes Chrisostomus Oevaang Oeray (18 August 1922 – 17 July 1986) was an Indonesian politician. He was the Governor of West Kalimantan from 1960 to 1966; he was the first ethnic Dayak to hold the position.
Oevaang Oeray was a founder of the Dayak Unity Party, which participated in the Indonesian elections of 1955. He was a staunch supporter of freedom of religion and the separation of church and state.
In 1959 Oevang was selected as the Governor of West Kalimantan by the provincial legislative board. This was confirmed by President Sukarno with Presidential Decree 465/1959, dated 24 December 1959. Oevang's term was to last from 1 January 1960 until 12 July 1966. The success of his Dayak Unity Party, which received 146,054 votes during the 1955 legislative election, led to non-Dayaks accusing him of nepotism, selecting only ethnic Dayaks for government employment and thus dividing the province on ethnic lines.
In 1964 General Supardjo, the commander of the IV Mandala Siaga Fighting Squad, took complete military control of the province. He left the area in 1965 after receiving a letter from his wife and was replaced by A.J. Winoto, who fought against guerrillas along the Sarawak border. Oevaang Oeray lent Winoto political support.
As Oevaang Oeray was close to President Sukarno/Soekarnois, after the 30 September Movement killed six generals in Jakarta Oevaang Oeray was accused of being involved with the Indonesian Communist Party. Although Oevaang Oeray was a leftist, he was not a supporter of the Communist Party. Many other ethnic Dayaks were accused of being communist sympathisers during this time.
On 12 July 1966 Internal Minister Basuki Rahmat dismissed Oevaang Oeray, replacing him with Lieutenant Colonel Soemadi. This was a little more than two months before his term was to expire, and based on Decree Number UP.12/2/43-912 of 12 July 1966. Soemadi was reconfirmed in 1967.
The government of West Kalimantan has put forth Oeray and Djeranding Abdurrahman as possible National Heroes, but as of July 2012[update] this title has not been granted. This proposal has received support from the People's Consultative Assembly leader Hajriyanto Y Thohari.
- Endi, Severianus (8 June 2012). "W. Kalimantan proposes national heroes" [Kalbar mengajukan pahlawan nasional]. The Jakarta Post (in Inggris). Archived from the original on 8 June 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- Bangkit Runtuhnya Partai Persatuan Dayak. Harian Equator. Accessed on 14 July 2012
- Van Klinken, Gerry; Nordholt, Henk Schulte; Hoogenboom, Ireen Karang (2007). Politik Lokal di Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia; KITLV. p. 467. ISBN 979-461-615-X. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Aritonang, Jan S. (2004). Sejarah Perjumpaan Kristen Dan Islam Di Indonesia. BPK Gunung Mulia. p. 317. ISBN 979-687-221-8. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- Aju. JC Oevaang Oeray, Mengorbankan sang Pencetus Pancasila Sinar-Harapan. 31 May 2011. Accessed on 15 July 2012. Archived from the original[dead link]
- "Sejarah Perpolitikan Dayak di Bumi Kalimantan Barat". Info Pontianak. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- Poulgrain, Greg (1998). The Genesis of Konfrontasi: Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, 1945–1965 [Kejadian Konfrontasi:Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia]. London: C.Hurst & Co. Publisher. p. 262. ISBN 1-85065-510-3. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- Pergantian Gubernur , J.C Oevang Oeray – Soemadi – Kadarusno Borneo Tribun. 2 February 2011. Accessed on 14 July 2012.
- Prabowo, Hermas Effendi. Oeray dan Djerandeng Layak Jadi Pahlawan Nasional Kompas. 13 July 2012. Accessed on 15 July 2012.
- Usulkan Tokoh Kalbar Dijadikan Pahlawan Nasional JPNN. 12 July 2012. Accessed on 15 July 2012.
Djenal Asikin Judadibrata
|Governor of West Kalimantan