Oeyo

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Oeyo

Oeyo (於江与?), (?), Ogō (小督?) or Satoko (達子?) : 1573 – September 15, 1626) was a prominently-placed female figure in late-Sengoku period. She married three times, first to Saji Kazunari, her cousin, then to Toyotomi Hideyoshi's nephew Toyotomi Hidekatsu. She had a daughter named Sada with Hidekatsu, but she died due to an illness. Her third and last husband Tokugawa Hidetada became the second Tokugawa shogun. She was also the mother of his successor Iemitsu, the third shogun. She had Senhime, Tamahime, Katsuhime, Hatsuhime, Takechiyo (Iemitsu), and Tadanaga. Hatsuhime was adopted by Oeyo's sister Ohatsu, who is the wife of Kyogoku Takatsugu.

Hidetada's changing fortunes affected Oeyo's life as well. Surviving record books from merchants of luxury goods provide insight into patterns of patronage and taste amongst the privileged class of women like Oeyo and her sisters.[1]

Genealogy[edit]

Oeyo, also known as Ogō, was the third and youngest daughter of the Sengoku period daimyo Azai Nagamasa. Her mother, Oichi was the younger sister of Oda Nobunaga.[2] Toyotomi Hideyoshi became the adoptive father and protector of Oeyo in the period before her marriage.[3]

Oeyo's oldest sister, styled Yodo-dono, Cha-Cha in birth name, was a prominent concubine of Hideyoshi who gave birth to his heir, Toyotomi Hideyori.[2]

Oeyo's middle sister, Ohatsu was the wife of Kyōgoku Takatsugu and the mother of Kyōgoku Tadataka.[2]

Timeline[edit]

  • 1573: Born
  • 1595: Married Tokugawa Hidetada.[3]
  • 1597, May 26: Gave birth to Sen-hime
  • 1599, Aug. 1: Gave birth to Tama-hime (died 1622, Aug. 9; mar. 1601 Maeda Toshitsune)
  • 1601, June 12: Gave birth to Katsu-hime (died 1672 March 20; mar. Matsudaira Tadanao)
  • 1602, Aug. 25: Gave birth to Hatsu-hime (died 1630, April 16; mar. Kyôgoku Tadataka)
  • 1604, Aug. 12: Gave birth to Iemitsu
  • 1605: Hidetada becomes shogun
  • 1606, June 12: Gave birth to Tadanaga
  • 1607, Nov. 23: Gave birth to Matsu-hime Tokugawa Masako, who in 1620 married Emperor Go-Mizunoo (in 1629, Masako's daughter became Empress Meishō)
  • 1623: Iemitsu becomes shogun
  • 1626: Died while Hidetada and Iemitsu were in Kyoto
  • 1626: Received the posthumous court rank of Juichii

Burial[edit]

After Hidetada resigned the government to his eldest son in 1623, Oeyo took a Buddhist name, Sūgen'in (崇源院?) or Sogenin. Her mausoleum can be found at Zōjō-ji in the Shiba neighborhood of Tokyo.[4]

Taiga drama[edit]

NHK's 2011 Taiga drama, Gō: Himetachi no Sengoku, is based on the life of Oeyo who is played by the actress Juri Ueno.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hickman, Money L. et al. (2002). Japan's Golden Age: Momoyama, p. 283.
  2. ^ a b c "The silk coloured portrait of wife of Takatsugu Kyogoku," Digital Cultural Properties of Wakasa Obama; Oichinokata, Gifu prefecture website.
  3. ^ a b Wilson, Richard L. (1985). Ogata Kenzan (1663-1743), p. 40.
  4. ^ Tanabe Yasushi. "On the Sogenin's Mansoleum at Zojoji Temple" (崇源院靈牌所造營考). Transaction of the Institute of Japanese Architects (建築学会論文集). No. 19360331, pp.317-323.
  5. ^ 大河ドラマ 第50 作 江(ごう) 姫たちの戦国; "Atsuhime"-Autorin für NHKs 2011er Taiga-Drama gewählt (citing Tokyograph), J-Dorama.

References[edit]