Ofelia Rodríguez Acosta

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Ofelia de la Concepción Rodríguez Acosta García (Pinar del Río,[1] 9 February 1902 – Havana or Mexico, 28 June 1975) was a Cuban writer, journalist, radical feminist,[2] and activist. She wrote feminist chronicles, stories,[3] essays, novels, and a play. She is considered one of Cuba's most famous social reformers.[4]

Early years[edit]

Rodríguez's father was a writer and intellectual. She attended the Institute of Havana and later received a grant to study in Europe and Mexico. At the age of 12, Rodríguez wrote the novel Evocaciones, which was published in 1922.[5]

Career[edit]

Rodríguez was one of the most prolific writers of the 1920s and 1930s, publishing novels, stories, a play, and many magazine articles. Together with Mariblanca Sabas Alomá, Rodríguez became one of the most influential writers who attracted attention to the feminist cause in Cuba during the first half of the 20th century. Rodríguez had an active political life during that period, and wrote for Bohemia (1929–32) where she "developed radical psychological challenges to the prescribed behavior of Cuban women".[6] She founded and directed the journal Espartana (1927). With titillating content,[7] which provoked public outrage, her novel La Vida Manda (1927) was the most controversial of her works.[6] She touched on lesbianism in the novel Happy Breed (1929).[8]

Rodríguez was among the group of women and intellectuals who belonged the Women's Club of Cuba, where Rodríguez served as librarian.[9] She also belonged to the Women's Labor Union. Rodríguez lived in Europe in 1935–1939 but eventually settled in Mexico. The circumstances surrounding her death are ambiguous. By one account, she suffered a mental breakdown, spent time in a mental institution,[2] and died in a Mexican lunatic asylum,[8] while another report states she died at the Santovenia nursing home in Havana.[9]

Selected works[edit]

  • Apuntes de mi viaje a Isla de Pinos (1926).
  • La tragedia social de la mujer (1932).
  • En la noche del mundo (1940).
  • Diez mandamientos cívicos (cinco éticos y cinco estéticos) (1951).
  • Hágase la luz. La novela de un filósofo existencialista (1953).
  • La muerte pura de Martí (1955).
  • Algunos cuentos (de ayer y de hoy) (1957).
Chronicles
  • Evocaciones (1922).
  • Europa era así (1941).
Novels
  • El triunfo de la débil presa (1926).
  • La vida manda (1929; 1930).
  • Dolientes (1931.)
  • Sonata interrumpida (1943).
  • La dama del Arcón (1949).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rappaport, Helen (2001). Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers. ABC-CLIO. p. 588. ISBN 978-1-57607-101-4. 
  2. ^ a b Bejel, Emilio (1 September 2001). Gay Cuban Nation. University of Chicago Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-226-04174-2. 
  3. ^ de Jongh, Elena M. (1995). "Feminismo y periodismo en la Cuba republicana: Ofelia Rodríguez Acosta y la campana feminista de Bohemia (1930–1932)". Confluencia (in Spanish) 11 (1): 3–12. 
  4. ^ Sloan, Kathryn A. (31 August 2011). Women's Roles in Latin America and the Caribbean. ABC-CLIO. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-313-38108-9. 
  5. ^ Davies, Catherine (1997). A Place in the Sun?: Women Writers in Twentieth-Century Cuba. Zed Books. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-85649-542-4. 
  6. ^ a b Stoner, Kathryn Lynn (9 May 1991). From the House to the Streets: The Cuban Woman’s Movement for Legal Reform, 1898–1940. Duke University Press. pp. 97, 98. ISBN 0-8223-8168-0. 
  7. ^ Unruh, Vicky (3 June 2009). Performing Women and Modern Literary Culture in Latin America: Intervening Acts. University of Texas Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-292-77374-5. 
  8. ^ a b Balderston, Daniel; Guy, Donna J. (1 January 1997). Sex and Sexuality in Latin America. NYU Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-8147-1290-0. 
  9. ^ a b Capote, Zaida (10 March 2012). "Cubanas en España: Ofelia Rodríguez Acosta y Dulce María Loynaz". La Jiribilla (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 May 2014.