Office of Naval Intelligence
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The Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) was established in the United States Navy in 1882. ONI was established to "seek out and report" on the advancements in other nations' navies. The oldest member of the United States Intelligence Community, ONI is headquartered at the National Maritime Intelligence Center in Suitland, Maryland.
An “Office of Intelligence” is hereby established in the Bureau of Navigation for the purpose of collecting and recording such naval information as may be useful to the Department in time of war, as well as in peace.
To facilitate this work, the Department Library will be combined with the “Office of Intelligence,” and placed under the direction of the Chief of the Bureau of Navigation.
Commanding and all other officers are directed to avail themselves of all opportunities which may arise to collect and to forward to the “Office of Intelligence” professional matters likely to serve the object in view.
ONI's position as the naval intelligence arm began in earnest when the United States declared war on Spain in 1898 in response to the sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine in the harbor of Spanish-controlled Havana, Cuba. ONI's powers grew as it became responsible for the "protection of Navy Personnel, censorship and the ferreting out of spies and saboteurs."
In 1929, the Chief of Naval Operations made these functions the permanent duties of ONI. During World War II, Naval Intelligence became responsible for the translation, evaluation and dissemination of intercepted Japanese communications, and its budget and staff grew significantly. While other parts of the Navy were downsized after the war, Fleet Admiral Nimitz ensured ONI's continued strength, which was to prove important during the Cold War.
- George P. Bush, Nephew of George W. Bush
- Eric Garcetti, Mayor of Los Angeles, California
- Bobby Ray Inman, ADM USN, Director of Naval Intelligence (1974-76), Director National Security Agency (1977-81)
- Mark Kirk, United States Senator from Illinois
- Edwin T. Layton, American cryptanalyst during World War II
- Mark Lippert, Chief of Staff for the United States Secretary of Defense
- Bobby Patrick, trailblazing cryptanalyst
- Joseph Rochefort, American cryptanalyst during World War II
- John Paul Stevens, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
- William O. Studeman, ADM USN, Director of Naval Intelligence (1985-88), Director National Security Agency (1988-92, Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (1992-95)
- Byron White, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
- Bob Woodward, Investigative Reporter at The Washington Post
- General Order No. 292. History.navy.mil (2012-08-22). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Packard, Wyman H. (1996). Century of U.S. Naval Intelligence. Naval Historical Center. ISBN 0-945274-25-4.
- Portions of this article are based on public domain text from Office of Naval Intelligence.
- Portions of this article are based on public domain text from Digital National Security Archive.
- Office of Naval Intelligence
- FBI files on the ONI, hosted at the Internet Archive: