Office of Science and Technology Policy
|Office of Science and Technology Policy|
|Formed||May 11, 1976|
|Preceding Agency||Office of Science and Technology|
|Headquarters||725 17th Street, Washington, D.C.|
|Agency executive||Dr. John Holdren, Director|
|Parent agency||Executive Office of the President|
|Website||Office of Science and Technology Policy|
The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) is an office in the Executive Office of the President (EOP), established by United States Congress on May 11, 1976, with a broad mandate to advise the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs.
The director of this office is colloquially known as the President's Science Advisor. Dr. John Holdren, Director, nominated in December 2008, serves as Science Advisor to President Barack Obama. Dr. John Holdren also co-chairs the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) and supports the President's National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
The OSTP grew out of the Office of Science and Technology which was formed in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy. The office was created to provide advice and recommendation in response to the growing importance of space exploration and the accelerating Space Race that was taking place with the USSR.
The United States Congress established the OSTP in 1976 with a broad mandate to advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. The 1976 Act also authorizes OSTP to lead inter-agency efforts to develop and to implement sound science and technology policies and budgets and to work with the private sector, state and local governments, the science and higher education communities, and other nations toward this end.
The OSTP's mission is set out in the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (Pub. L. 94-282). The act calls for the OSTP to serve as a source of scientific and technological analysis and judgment for the President with respect to major policies, plans, and programs of the federal government.
It further authorizes the OSTP to:
- Advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the impacts of science and technology on domestic and international affairs;
- Lead an inter-agency effort to develop and implement sound science and technology policies and budgets;
- Work with the private sector to ensure Federal investments in science and technology contribute to economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security;
- Build strong partnerships among Federal, State, and local governments, other countries, and the scientific community;
- Evaluate the scale, quality, and effectiveness of the Federal effort in science and technology.
The OSTP handles a broad range of scientific and technological issues within the Executive Office of the President. It participates in a multitude of White House Policy Coordinating Committees (PCC) that are tasked with developing policies for the federal government and are populated by senior officials from cabinet and independent agencies. The OSTP has approximately 45 staff members, most of whom are experienced scientists functioning as assistant directors or policy analysts.
- Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy: John Holdren
- Principal Assistant Director for Science, and Assistant Director for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences: Philip Rubin
- Associate Director for Science: Jo Handelsman (nominee)
- Associate Director for Technology and Chief Technology Officer of the United States: Todd Park
- Associate Director for National Security & International Affairs: Dr. Patricia K. Falcone
- Associate Director for Energy & Environment: Shere Abbott
Past Science Advisors
- "President-elect Obama announces key members of Science and Technology team" (Press release). Office of the President-Elect. 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- "About OSTP: John Holdren". OSTP.gov. Office of Science and Technology Policy. Retrieved 2009-03-09.
- "About PCAST". OSTP.gov. Office of Science and Technology Policy. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- "About OSTP: Department Organization". OSTP.gov. Office of Science and Technology Policy. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts" (Press release). Office of the Press Secretary. 2010-03-22. Retrieved 2010-03-27.
- "Nominations sent to the Senate" (Press release). Office of the Press Secretary. 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- Official website
- The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy: Issues for Congress Congressional Research Service