Shadow Cabinet

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The frontbench of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition in the Parliament of the United Kingdom consists of the Shadow Cabinet and other official shadow ministers of the political party currently serving as the Official Opposition. Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition is currently the Labour Party, and the Leader of the Opposition is Ed Miliband. Miliband reshuffled the Shadow Cabinet on 7 October 2013.

Key[edit]

Shadow Minister in the House of Commons
Shadow Minister in the House of Lords
Shadow Cabinet members and attendees in bold
Office of the Leader of the Opposition
Leader of Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition
Leader of the Labour Party
The Rt Hon. Ed Miliband
Shadow Deputy Prime Minister
Deputy Leader of Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
Labour Party Chair
The Rt Hon. Harriet Harman
(also Shadow Culture Secretary)
Chair of General Election Strategy The Rt Hon. Douglas Alexander
(also Shadow Foreign Secretary)
Policy Review Coordinator Jon Cruddas (attends Shadow Cabinet)
Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Leader of the Opposition Karen Buck
Jonathan Reynolds
Attorney General's Office
Shadow Attorney General for England and Wales
Shadow Advocate General for Northern Ireland
Emily Thornberry (attends Shadow Cabinet)
Shadow Advocate General for Scotland Lord Davidson of Glen Clova
(jointly with Treasury)
Cabinet Office
Shadow Minister for the Cabinet Office Michael Dugher
Shadow Minister without Portfolio
Deputy Labour Party Chair
Jon Trickett
Shadow Minister Jon Ashworth
Chi Onwurah
Lisa Nandy
Shadow Minister without Portfolio (with responsibility for Opposition Strategy) Lord Wood of Anfield (attends Shadow Cabinet)
Shadow Minister Baroness Hayter of Kentish Town
(also a Whip and with Business)
Business, Innovation and Skills
Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills Chuka Umunna
Shadow Ministers Liam Byrne
Iain Wright
Toby Perkins
Stella Creasy
Ian Murray
Shadow Ministers Lord Stevenson of Balmacara
(also a Whip and with Culture)
Lord Young of Norwood Green
Baroness Hayter of Kentish Town
(also a Whip and with Cabinet Office)
Lord Liddle(jointly with Foreign)
Communities and Local Government
Shadow Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government The Rt Hon. Hilary Benn
Shadow Minister for Housing Emma Reynolds (attends Shadow Cabinet)
Shadow Ministers Roberta Blackman-Woods
Lyn Brown
Andy Sawford
Shadow Ministers Lord McKenzie of Luton
Lord Beecham
(jointly with Justice)
Culture, Media and Sport
Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport The Rt Hon. Harriet Harman
(also Shadow Deputy PM and Deputy Opposition Leader)
Shadow Ministers Helen Goodman
Clive Efford
Shadow Ministers Baroness Jones of Whitchurch
(also a Whip and with Education)
Lord Stevenson of Balmacara
(also a Whip and with Business)
Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities Gloria De Piero
Shadow Minister Sharon Hodgson
Shadow Ministers Baroness Thornton
Education
Shadow Secretary of State for Education Tristram Hunt
Shadow Ministers Kevin Brennan
Steve McCabe
Rushanara Ali
Lucy Powell
Shadow Ministers The Rt Hon. Baroness Hughes of Stretford PC
Baroness Jones of Whitchurch
(jointly with Culture)
Energy and Climate Change
Shadow Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change The Rt Hon. Caroline Flint
Shadow Ministers Tom Greatrex
Julie Elliott
Shadow Minister Baroness Worthington
(also a Whip)
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Maria Eagle
Shadow Ministers Huw Irranca-Davies
Barry Gardiner
Thomas Docherty
Shadow Ministers The Rt Hon. Lord Knight of Weymouth PC
Health
Shadow Secretary of State for Health The Rt Hon. Andy Burnham
Shadow Minister for Care and Older People Liz Kendall (attends Shadow Cabinet)
Shadow Ministers Luciana Berger
Andrew Gwynne
Jamie Reed
Shadow Minister The Rt Hon. Lord Hunt of Kings Heath PC
(also a Shadow Deputy Lords Leader)
International Development
Shadow Secretary of State for International Development The Rt Hon. Jim Murphy
Shadow Ministers Alison McGovern
Gavin Shuker
Shadow Minister Lord Collins of Highbury
(also a Whip)
Transport
Shadow Secretary of State for Transport Mary Creagh
Shadow Ministers Lilian Greenwood
Gordon Marsden
Richard Burden
Shadow Ministers The Rt Hon. Lord Davies of Oldham PC
(jointly with Treasury and Wales)
Lord Rosser
(jointly with Defence and Home)
Work and Pensions
Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions Rachel Reeves
Shadow Ministers The Rt Hon. Stephen Timms
Chris Bryant
Gregg McClymont
Kate Green
Shadow Minister Baroness Sherlock
(also a Whip)
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs The Rt Hon. Douglas Alexander
(also Election Strategy chair)
Shadow Minister for Europe Gareth Thomas
Shadow Ministers The Rt Hon. John Spellar
Ian Lucas
Kerry McCarthy
Shadow Ministers Lord Triesman
Lord Bach
Lord Liddle(jointly with Business)
Treasury
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer The Rt Hon. Ed Balls
Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury Chris Leslie
Shadow Ministers Cathy Jamieson
Catherine McKinnell
Shabana Mahmood
Shadow Ministers Lord Eatwell
The Rt Hon. Lord Davies of Oldham PC
(jointly with Transport)
Lord Davidson of Glen Clova
(also Shadow Advocate General)
The Rt Hon. Lord Adonis PC
Home Office
Shadow Secretary of State for the Home Department The Rt Hon. Yvette Cooper
Shadow Ministers Jack Dromey
The Rt Hon. David Hanson
Diana Johnson
Helen Jones
Steve Reed
Shadow Ministers The Rt Hon. Baroness Smith of Basildon PC
(also Deputy Lords Chief Whip)
Lord Rosser
(jointly with Defence and Transport)
Defence
Shadow Secretary of State for Defence The Rt Hon. Vernon Coaker
Shadow Ministers Kevan Jones
Alison Seabeck
Yvonne Fovargue
Gemma Doyle
Shadow Minister Lord Rosser
(jointly with Home and Transport)
Justice
Shadow Lord Chancellor
Shadow Secretary of State for Justice
(also Shadow London Minister)
The Rt Hon. Sadiq Khan
Shadow Minister for Political and Constitutional Reform Stephen Twigg
Shadow Ministers Andy Slaughter
Jenny Chapman
Dan Jarvis
Shadow Minister for Constitutional Issues (providing advice on planning
and transition to Government)
Lord Falconer of Thoroton
Shadow Minister Lord Beecham
(jointly with Communities)
Northern Ireland Office
Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Ivan Lewis
Shadow Minister Stephen Pound
Shadow Minister The Rt Hon. Lord McAvoy PC
(also a Whip and with Scotland)
House Leaders
Shadow Leader of the House of Commons Angela Eagle
Shadow Deputy Leader of the Commons Angela C. Smith
House Leaders
Leader of the Opposition in the Lords The Rt Hon. Baroness Royall of Blaisdon PC
Shadow Deputy Leader of the House of Lords The Rt Hon. Lord Hunt of Kings Heath PC
(also with Health)
Scotland Office
Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland Margaret Curran
Shadow Minister Russell Brown
Gordon Banks
Shadow Ministers The Rt Hon. Lord McAvoy PC
(also a Whip and with Northern Ireland)
Wales Office
Shadow Secretary of State for Wales Owen Smith
Shadow Minister Nia Griffith
Shadow Minister Baroness Morgan of Ely
(also a Whip)
Whips
Opposition Chief Whip The Rt Hon. Rosie Winterton
Deputy Chief Whip Alan Campbell
Pairing Whip Mark Tami
Whips Heidi Alexander
David Hamilton
Graham Jones
Tom Blenkinsop
Susan Elan Jones
Phil Wilson
Julie Hilling
Karl Turner
Nic Dakin
Seema Malhotra
Bridget Phillipson
Stephen Doughty
Opposition Chief Whip in the Lords The Rt Hon. Lord Bassam of Brighton PC
Deputy Chief Whip The Rt Hon. Baroness Smith of Basildon PC
(also with Home)
Lord Tunnicliffe
Senior Whips The Rt Hon. Lord McAvoy PC
(also with Northern Ireland and Scotland)
Baroness Wheeler
Whips Lord Collins of Highbury
(also with International Development)
Lord Grantchester
Baroness Hayter of Kentish Town
(also with Cabinet and Business)
Baroness Morgan of Ely
(also with Wales)
Baroness Sherlock
(also with Work and Pensions)
Lord Stevenson of Balmacara
(also with Business and Culture)
Baroness Worthington
This article is about the political institution. For other uses, see Shadow Cabinet (disambiguation).

The Shadow Cabinet is a feature of the Westminster system of government. It comprises a senior group of opposition spokespeople who, under the leadership of the Leader of the Opposition, form an alternative cabinet to that of the government, and whose members shadow or mark each individual member of the Cabinet.[1] Members of a shadow cabinet are often but not always appointed to a Cabinet post if and when their party gets into government. It is the Shadow Cabinet's responsibility to criticize the policies and actions of the government, as well as offering an alternative program.

In most countries, a member of the shadow cabinet is referred to as a Shadow Minister. In Canada, however, the term Opposition Critic is more usual. In the United Kingdom's House of Lords and in New Zealand, the term "spokesperson" is used instead of "shadow".[1]

Cultural applications[edit]

In the United Kingdom, Canada and New Zealand the major opposition party and specifically its shadow cabinet is called His or Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition.[2] The adjective "loyal" is used because, while the role of the opposition is to oppose Her Majesty's Government, it does not dispute the sovereign's right to the throne and therefore the legitimacy of the government. However, in other countries that use the Westminster system (for example, New Zealand), the opposition is known simply as The Parliamentary Opposition.[3]

Some parliamentary parties, notably the Australian Labor Party, elect all the members of their shadow cabinets in a party room ballot, with the Leader of the Opposition then allocating portfolios to the Shadow Ministers.[4] In other parliamentary parties, the membership and composition of the Shadow Cabinet is generally determined solely by the Leader of the Opposition.

In many jurisdictions, third parties (which are neither participant in the government nor in the official opposition) may also form their own parliamentary front benches of spokespersons; however, parliamentary standing orders on the right of parties to speak often dictate that it can only be granted to a party or group if a minimum number of members can be recorded by the party. In Ireland, for example, technical groups are often formed by third parties and independent TDs in the Dáil Éireann in order to increase the members' right to speak against larger parties which can afford the right to speak as Front Benches in Government or Opposition.[5][6]

While the practice of a parliamentary shadow cabinets or frontbenches is not widespread in Germany, party leaders have often formed boards of experts and advisors ("teams of experts", or Kompetenzteam, in CDU/CSU and SPD parlance; alternate "top team", or Spitzenteam, in Alliance '90/The Greens parlance).

List of Shadow Cabinets[edit]

Australia
New South Wales
The Bahamas
Canada
Ontario
France
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Lithuania
Malaysia
New Zealand
Romania
  • Shadow Cabinet (Romanian: Cabinetul din umbră)
Solomon Islands
South Africa
Thailand
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Scotland
Wales

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Shadow Cabinet: Glossary". UK Parliament. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Mary Durkin; Oonagh Gay (21 June 2006). "Her Majesty’s Opposition, SN/PC/3910" (PDF). Commons Standard Notes. Library of the House of Commons, UK Parliament. Retrieved 22 September 2012. This note outlines the rights and privileges of Her Majesty’s Loyal Opposition, or the Official Opposition, as the party with the second largest number of seats within the House of Commons is known. 
  3. ^ Manhire, Toby; Pinner, Philip (19 December 2011). "NZ election 2011: the aftermath". New Zealand Listener (APN News & Media). Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  4. ^ Joel Bateman. "In The Shadows: The Shadow Cabinet in Australia" (PDF). Parliament of Australia: Department of Parliamentary Services. Retrieved 22 September 2012.  ISBN 978-0-9806554-0-7
  5. ^ HARRY McGEE (January 11, 2012). "Technical group makes voice heard and gives bigger parties run for their money". Irish Times. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "TDs agree to form Dáil technical group". Irish Times. 3 Mar 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.tsajunga.lt/index.php/ts_lkd_patvirtino_seselines_vyriausybes_kabineta/15855