Ogden H. Hammond

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ogden H. Hammond
OgdenHammond.jpg
United States Ambassador to Spain
In office
1925–1929
President Calvin Coolidge
Preceded by Alexander P. Moore
Succeeded by Irwin B. Laughlin
Personal details
Born Ogden Haggerty Hammond
(1869-10-13)October 13, 1869
Louisville, Kentucky
Died October 29, 1956(1956-10-29) (aged 87)
Manhattan, New York
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Picton Stevens
Marguerite McClure Howland

Ogden Haggerty Hammond (October 13, 1869 – October 29, 1956) was an American businessman, politician and diplomat who served as United States Ambassador to Spain from 1925 to 1929. He was the father of Millicent Fenwick, a four-term Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey.

Early life and family[edit]

Hammond was born in 1869 in Louisville, Kentucky, the son of John Henry Hammond and Sophia Vernon Wolfe. During the Civil War his father served as chief of staff to General William Tecumseh Sherman before becoming a general himself. The Hammond family moved to Chicago, Illinois when he was four, and then to Saint Paul, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin.[1] He attended Phillips Exeter Academy and graduated from Yale University in 1893. Returning to Superior, he served as a member of the Board of Aldermen for two years.[2]

On a visit to Bernardsville, New Jersey, Hammond met Mary Picton Stevens (May 16, 1885 – May 7, 1915). They were married in Hoboken on April 8, 1907. Mary was the daughter of John Stevens (July 1856 – January 21, 1895), oldest son of Stevens Institute of Technology founder Edwin Augustus Stevens and grandson of inventor John Stevens, and Mary Marshall McGuire (May 4, 1850 – May 2, 1905).[3][4][5] The Hammonds settled in a forty-seven-room mansion in Bernardsville in 1908.[1]

Hammond and his first wife had three children: Mary Stevens Hammond, later Countess Guerino Roberti (May 22, 1908 – February 23, 1958);[6] Millicent Vernon Hammond, later Millicent Fenwick (February 25, 1910 – September 16, 1992); and Ogden H. Hammond, Jr. (September 17, 1912 – October 19, 1976).[7]

Business and political career[edit]

Hammond worked as an insurance broker, then moved into real estate, becoming president of the Broadway Improvement Company and the Hoboken Terminal Railway Company, as well as vice-president of the Hoboken Land and Improvement Company, owned by his in-laws, the Stevenses.[1] Ogden became involved in local Republican politics, serving on the Bernardsville Township Committee from 1912 to 1914. He was elected to a one-year term in the New Jersey General Assembly in 1914 and was re-elected the following year. He later served as delegate to the 1916 Republican National Convention and as treasurer of the New Jersey Republican State Committee.[2]

RMS Lusitania[edit]

On May 1, 1915, Hammond and his wife Mary boarded the British ocean liner RMS Lusitania in New York, en route to Liverpool. Mary intended to help victims of World War I and assist the Red Cross in establishing a hospital in France. The Lusitania was torpedoed by a German U-boat on May 7, and in the aftermath Ogden survived the sinking and Mary did not.[1] He established the Mary Stevens Hammond Memorial Home for Destitute Children in Hoboken in her honor.[8]

On December 18, 1917, Hammond remarried, to Marguerite "Daisy" McClure Howland (March 7, 1876 – January 6, 1969), the daughter of New York attorney David McClure and the widow of Dulany Howland.[9][10][11] Her son McClure "Mac" Meredith Howland (November 4, 1906 – January 1985) became Hammond's stepson.[12]

Diplomatic career[edit]

In 1925, Calvin Coolidge appointed Hammond to be United States Ambassador to Spain. He served until 1929, when Herbert Hoover appointed the new ambassador, Irwin B. Laughlin. The Spanish Royal Court awarded him the Order of Isabella the Catholic for his public service.[1]

Later years and death[edit]

In 1931, Hammond was named president and a director of the First National Bank of Hoboken. He became vice president and director of the First National Bank of Jersey City in 1934, retiring in 1950. Hammond died in 1956 at his home in Manhattan at the age of 87.[8]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Alexander P. Moore
United States Ambassador to Spain
1925–1929
Succeeded by
Irwin B. Laughlin