Ogle family

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Lady OGLE, designed in Waterloo (Belgium), 1856

The Ogle family was prominent landed gentry in Northumberland from before the time of the Norman Conquest.

Origins[edit]

The earliest appearances of the family name was written Hoggel, Oggehill, Ogille and Oghill.[1]


William the Conqueror granted a deed to Humphrey de Hoggell to enjoy "all the liberties and royalties of his manor" after the conquest.[1] This ancient family seat was at Ogle, near Whalton. Their manor house there was licenced for crenellation in 1341, and became known as Ogle Castle.

Ogle Castle

In addition to family castles and towers, there's a possible 11th century link with the lands of Ogilface in West Lothian.

Castles that belonged to the family:[2]

  • The castles of Seven Shields
  • Ogle
  • Bothal
  • Harbottle
  • Copeland

Towers which belonged to the family:[2]

  • The towers of Burradon
  • North Middleton
  • Cockle Park
  • Hirst
  • Choppington
  • Hepple
  • Tossan
  • Newstead
  • Downhem
  • Ford
  • Eglingham
  • fortalice of Flotterton


Through Matilda "Maud" Grey, the Ogle line has royal descendants from kings Edward I of England and Philippe III of France. Maud's parents were Jane (or Joan) de Mowbray and Sir Thomas Gray of Warke. She married c. 21 May 1399, Sir Robert Ogle, Knight, Warden of Roxburgh Castle, son of Sir Robert Ogle, Knight, of Ogle and Bothal Castles.[3][4]

Medieval Barons[edit]

Sir Robert Ogle (c.1379–1436) was a key figure in the 15th century defence of the northern border against the Scots. He was thoroughly beaten in this endeavour by Sir Alexander Ramsay at Piperden.[5]


In 1407 he was Constable of Norham Castle and Sheriff and Escheator of Islandshire and Norhamshire then the most northern counties of England. In 1417 he was High Sheriff of Northumberland and was appointed Warden of Roxburgh Castle in 1425.


As father of the 1st Baron Ogle he was the head of the family which included seven successive Barons and many later junior branches of the family. For further details of the main line of the family see Baron Ogle


The last of this main line was the daughter of the 7th Baron (d 1597), Catherine Ogle who herself was created Baroness Ogle in 1628 and who in 1591 had married Sir Charles Cavendish whose successors were to be Dukes of Newcastle and Earls of Ogle

Ogles of Eglingham[edit]

The Ogles of Eglingham were strongly Parliamentarian during the English Civil War.

  • Henry Ogle of Eglingham

Henry Ogle of Eglingham was a nephew of Robert Baron Ogle. He acquired the manor of Eglingham, near Alnwick, Northumberland in 1514.

Henry Ogle (1600–1669) Henry was a parliamentary commissioner for raising forces in the English Civil and was High Sheriff of Northumberland in 1644 and was alsocreated a Knight of the Shire in 1654.

He was also appointed Queen Anne's commissioner to Ireland.[6]

  • John Ogle of Eglingham

Henry's son John (1621–1686) was High Sheriff in 1654 during the Commonwealth. Henry's grandson John (1649–1687) emigrated to the area that became Delaware in North America.

Although a John Ogle of roughly the same age did immigrate from England to Delaware, there is no direct evidence that this is one and the same as the grandson of Henry. (Ogle / Ogles Family Association research).

Nicholas Ogle,(1605–1546) was a brother of Henry.[citation needed]

Luke Ogle,preacher,[7] Nicholas's son was a dissenter and caused great problems for Northumberland as he was against the restoration of Charles II, he was arrested by General Monck.ref.

Samuel Ogle,(1658–1718) Lukes's son,was recorder for Berwick and member of Parliament.[7] he was also Commissioner for the Colony of Maryland.

  • Samuel Ogle of Eglingham

Lukes grandson, Samuel Oglefought at the siege of Fort William Henry and became Provincial Governor of Maryland under Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore in 1732 and began a dynasty in Maryland.

  • Benjamin Ogle

Samuel's son Benjamin Ogle (7 February 1749 – 6 July 1809) became Governor of the State of Maryland in 1798.

  • Robert Ogle of Eglingham

Robert Ogle rebuilt Eglingham Hall in grand style, creating a two-storey, seven bayed mansion house, incorporating the old manor house as its west wing.

  • Luke Ogle of Eglingham

Henry's nephew Luke Ogle (1510–1597), who was High Sheriff of Northumberland in 1565, built a new manor house (later to become known as Eglingham Hall) on the site of an existing pele tower. After some 400 years in occupation the Ogles sold the estate in about 1900.

Ogle of Choppington and Burradon[edit]

Another nephew of Robert, 1st Baron Ogle, was Gawen Ogle who, in 1500, built a tower house at Choppington, then in Bedlingtonshire (Northumberland) of which no present trace remains. His grandson Oliver (d 1616) acquired the manor of Burradon near Longbenton including a tower house, in two tranches in 1569 and 1596.[8] His son Lancelot (1582–1640) improved the accommodation at Burradon Tower in 1633.


Lancelot's only daughter Jane married a cousin, James Ogle of Causey Park[8] and the Burradon house was abandoned. By 1769 it was reported to be ruinous. The estate was later inherited by Jane's grandson, William Wallis, who changed his name to William Wallis Ogle, and was eventually sold outside the family in 1857[8]

Ogle of Kirkley[edit]

Henry Ogle (1525–1580) the grandson of the 3rd Baron Ogle held lands at Kirkley, near Whalton, Northumberland under Lord Eure. His sons Mark and Cuthbert (1569–1655) each bought a part of the Manor from Lord Eure in about 1612 and in 1632 Cuthbert built a new manor house, Kirkley Hall, there, close by the site of the old house.[9]


Cuthbert's great grandson joined the navy and ultimately became Admiral Sir Chaloner Ogle (1681–1750).[10]


Another great grandson Dr. Nathaniel Ogle (d. c. 1739) of Kirkley was an army physician under the Duke of Marlborough,[10] and was Deputy Lieutenant of Northumberland in 1715. His son Rev. Newton Ogle (1726–1804) was Prebendary of Durham Cathedral and Dean of Winchester Cathedral and in 1764 replaced the old house at Kirkley with a substantial mansion.[11]


Another son Chaloner Ogle (1726–1816) like his elder second cousin and namesake also joined the navy and became on Admiral. He was created a Baronet of Kings Worthy, Hampshire, in the year of his death.[11] For details of his successors see Ogle Baronets.


Rev. John Saville Ogle (1767–1853) son of Newton, was Canon of Salisbury Cathedral and prebendary of Durham Cathedral, and in 1832 he substantially extended and improved Kirkley Hall.[11] He repurchased from the Duke of Portland the ancient family estates at Ogle.[11]


The Kirkley estate was sold outside the family in 1922.[12]

Ogle of Kings Worthy, Hampshire[edit]

For details of this branch see Ogle of Kirkley above and Ogle Baronets.

Ogle of Causey Park[edit]

The manor of Causey Park was a possession of the Ogles, acquired with Bothal as a result of intermarriage with the Bertram family in the 14th century. Robert 4th Baron Ogle granted the estate to his younger brother Sir William Ogle (1493–1542) whose grandson John built a new tower house on the site of the earlier Pele tower in 1589.


His great grandson James (1634–1664) married his cousin Jane Ogle of Burradon thereby merging the two branches of the family.[8] James Ogle was a Royalist during the Civil War, was regarded as a delinquent by Parliament and was charged with treason. His estates were forfeit but he was pardoned and allowed to compound for £324 for the return of his property.


James' son William Ogle (1653–1718) was Member of Parliament for Northumberland 1685–89. William's son Henry Ogle (1685–1761) was High Sheriff of Northumberland in 1737. In addition to the Ogle estates of Causey Park and Burradon he inherited through his wife Anne Orde a third of the substantial North Durham properties of William Orde MP of Sandybank. He substantially extended and improved Causey Park House in the 18th century.


After some 400 years of Ogle ownership the estates were sold by William Wallis Ogle in 1849.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Burke, Bernard; John Bernard Burke (1863). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, Fourth Edition, Part II. London: Harrison, Pall Mall. pp. page 1108. 
  2. ^ a b Ref: Ogle and Bothal 1902.
  3. ^ (Cp. X, 28–29) (Ref: Living Descendants of Blood Royal, volume 5, 266).
  4. ^ OGLE, Sir Robert (c.1370-1436), of Ogle, Northumb. The History of Parliament. Web. Accessed 17 May 2014
  5. ^  "Ramsay, Alexander (d.1402)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  6. ^ Richardson, Hester Dorsey (1903). Side-lights on Maryland History: With Sketches of Early Maryland Families. Baltimore, Maryland: Williams and Wilkins Company. pp. 190–193. ISBN 0-8063-0296-8. 
  7. ^ a b OGLE, Samuel (1659-1719), of Bowsden, Northumb. The History of Parliament. Web. Accessed 17 May 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d A History of Northumberland Vol IX (The Northumberland County History Committee) (1909) H. H. E. Craster, p. 52.
  9. ^ Dodds p493
  10. ^ a b Dodds p503
  11. ^ a b c d Dodds p504
  12. ^ Dodds p509
  • The family history,Ogles and Bothal,1905( Sir Henry.A. Ogle. baronet)
  • A History of Northumberland Vol XII (The Northumberland County History Committee) (1929) Madeleine Hope Dodds. Page numbers as citations.
  • The History and Antiquities of North Durham (1852) James Raine, pp. 371–2
  • Choppington
  • Burradon
  • Causey Park
  • Lands of Ogilface