Oglethorpe, Georgia

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Not to be confused with Oglethorpe County, Georgia.
Oglethorpe, Georgia, USA
City
Location in Macon County and the state of Georgia
Location in Macon County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 32°17′36″N 84°3′45″W / 32.29333°N 84.06250°W / 32.29333; -84.06250Coordinates: 32°17′36″N 84°3′45″W / 32.29333°N 84.06250°W / 32.29333; -84.06250
Country United States
State Georgia
County Macon
Area
 • Total 2.1 sq mi (5.3 km2)
 • Land 2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 341 ft (104 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,200
 • Density 590.3/sq mi (228.2/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 31068
Area code(s) 478
FIPS code 13-57736[1]
GNIS feature ID 0332561[2]

Oglethorpe is a city in Macon County, Georgia, United States. The population was 1,200 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Macon County.[3] It was named for Georgia's founder, James Oglethorpe.

History[edit]

Oglethorpe was founded in 1838. In 1857, the seat of Macon County was transferred to Oglethorpe from Lanier. Oglethorpe was incorporated as a town in 1849 and as a city in 1852.[4]

Oglethorpe was once one of the largest cities in southwestern Georgia. A Malaria and Smallpox epidemic wiped out most of the city's population in the early 1860s and the remaining residents in Oglethorpe fled south to Americus.[5]

Geography[edit]

Oglethorpe is located at 32°17′36″N 84°3′45″W / 32.29333°N 84.06250°W / 32.29333; -84.06250 (32.293328, -84.062616).[6] (0.04 sq mi) of it (1.46%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 113
1870 400
1880 442 10.5%
1890 486 10.0%
1900 545 12.1%
1910 924 69.5%
1920 871 −5.7%
1930 953 9.4%
1940 1,048 10.0%
1950 1,204 14.9%
1960 1,169 −2.9%
1970 1,286 10.0%
1980 1,305 1.5%
1990 1,302 −0.2%
2000 1,200 −7.8%
2010 1,328 10.7%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,200 people, 481 households, and 320 families residing in the city. The population density was 590.3 people per square mile (228.2/km²). There were 566 housing units at an average density of 278.4 per square mile (107.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 27.67% White, 70.25% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.75% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.

There were 481 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.0% were married couples living together, 29.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,875, and the median income for a family was $28,971. Males had a median income of $27,250 versus $18,571 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,673. About 19.1% of families and 23.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Macon County School District[edit]

The Macon County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, that consists of one elementary school, a middle school, and a high school.[7] The district has 129 full-time teachers and over 2,200 students.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 241. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  5. ^ http://www.maconcountyga.gov/government/municipalities/oglethorpe-georgia
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 23, 2010.
  8. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 23, 2010.