Oh Do Kwan
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|Oh Do Kwan Taekwondo|
|Founder||Choi Hong Hi and Nam Tae Hi|
|Ancestor arts||Tang Soo Do, Kong Soo Do|
|Oh Do Kwan|
Oh Do Kwan founded in 1955, was the 6th Kwan to open in Korea.
The word Oh (吾) can be translated both as 'mine' and 'our', which makes the meaning of Oh Do Kwan 'the school of my (or our) way'.
General Choi Hong Hi founded the Oh Do Kwan along with Nam Tae Hi in 1953 as part of the Republic of Korea Army's Physical Training Program. The civilian Oh Do Kwan annex was called Dae Han Taekwon-Do Oh Do Kwan Jung Ang Bon Kwan in Seoul. Oh Do Kwan was used to train the South Korean army and the Korean Police throughout South Korea, and in the teaching of Taekwondo throughout some universities of Korea. The first people to instruct the army in "Tang Soo Do" (one of the names Taekwon-Do was called in the early 1950s, before the new name Taekwon-Do was submitted on April 11, 1955) were Nam Tae Hi, Woo Jong Lim, Ko Jae Chun, Kim Suk Kyu, Baek Joon Ki, Kwak Keun Sik, Kim Bong Sik, Han Cha Kyo Chung Jang Keun, and Kim Bok Man, almost all of whom were originally Chung Do Kwan members.
Originally Oh Do Kwan was made up of mostly Chung Do Kwan members brought in by senior Chung Do Kwan members Nam Tae Hi and Han Cha Kyo. Choi Hong Hi was the political power in the kwan, and also taught Nam Tae Hi, who was the head instructor, his new system. Yet, because of their work to develop Oh Do Kwan under the leadership and command of General Choi, they were almost all expelled from Chung Do Kwan.
The first documented patterns to be unique to Taekwon-Do are the Chang Hun tul and were designed by General Choi, with assistance from Nam Tae Hi and Han Cha Kyo and originally practiced at the Oh Do Kwan. These patterns were spread throughout the world by General Choi upon his creation of the International Taekwon-Do Federation in 1966. The Chang Hun patterns began to be adopted by civilian Do Jang, too.
Today the Oh Do Kwan still exist in Korea for over three decades as a social friendship club and has an annual celebration every year in Seoul. Oh Do Kwan was dissolved as a martial art system in the mid-1970s. Oh Do Kwan along with the eight other Kwan's moved to form the Kukkiwon in 1972. As all the other Kwans have issued Dan certificates and instructor certificates, so has Oh Do Kwan. However, these certification only serve as membership in the fraternity. Oh Do Kwan endorses and follows the Kukkiwon curriculum. Oh Do Kwan's current president is Han Myung Hak.
- Lee, Kyo Yoon (1996), A Guide to Taekwondo, Han Young Choi; Seoul, Korea. 89-85936-05-0.
- Lee, Kyo Yoon (2003), "Global Taekwondo", Hanmi Publishing, Seoul, Korea. ISBN 89-952721-4-7
- A Modern History of Taekwondo 1999 (Korean) Kyong Myung Lee and Kang Won Sik ISBN 89-358-0124-0
- Kukkiwon 25th Anniversary Text 1997 (Korean) Un Yong Kim
- Kukkiwon Textbook 2006 (English/Korean) Um Woon Kyu
- Taekwondo News 2008 Article "Walking With A Mountain" Al Cole; Seoul, Korea
- Kukkiwon.org.kr (Official site of Kukkiwon)
- "A Modern History of Taekwondo" written by KANG Won Sik and LEE Kyong Myong