Ohio Attorney General

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The Ohio Attorney General is the chief legal officer of the State of Ohio in the United States. The office is filled by general election, held every four years. The current Ohio Attorney General is Mike DeWine.

History[edit]

The office of the Ohio Attorney General was first created by the Ohio General Assembly by statute in 1846. The attorney general's principal duties were to give legal advice to the state government, to represent the state in legal matters, and to advise the state's county prosecutors. Originally, the attorney general was appointed by the legislature. With the adoption of Ohio's second constitution in 1851, the attorney general became an elected office. The attorney general's duties were drawn very generally at that time.

In 1952, the General Assembly passed a statute that added to the attorney general's responsibilities, including trusteeship over charitable trusts, and legal advice to more government agencies. The act stated that the attorney general could prosecute individuals only if the governor requested so in writing. Starting in 1954, the term of office was increased from two years to four years.

In 2008 Nancy H. Rogers was appointed following the resignation of Marc Dann. A special election was held in 2008 to find a permanent replacement; then–Ohio State Treasurer Richard Cordray (D) beat out Michael Crites (R), and Robert M. Owens (I) for the position.[1]

The Solicitor General of Ohio is the top appellate lawyer in the Attorney General's office.

List of Attorneys General of Ohio, 1846–present[edit]

Term Attorney General Party Home county Image Notes
1846–1851 Stanbery, HenryHenry Stanbery Whig Fairfield Stanberry-AttorGen.jpg  
1851–1852 McCormick, JosephJoseph McCormick Democratic Adams    
1852–1854 Pugh, George EllisGeorge Ellis Pugh Democratic Hamilton George Pugh.jpg  
1854–1856 McCook, George W.George W. McCook Democratic Jefferson George Wythe McCook photograph.JPG  
1856 Kimball, Francis D.Francis D. Kimball Republican Medina died
1856–1861 Wolcott, ChristopherChristopher Wolcott Republican Summit Christopher Wolcott.png  
1861–1863 Murray, JamesJames Murray Republican Wood James Murray (Ohio politician).jpg  
1863–1865 Critchfield, Lyman R.Lyman R. Critchfield Democratic Holmes Lyman R. Critchfield.png  
1865 Richardson, William P.William P. Richardson Unionist Washington William Pitt Richardson.jpg resigned
1865–1866 Olds, Chauncey N.Chauncey N. Olds Republican Pickaway Chauncey N. Olds.jpg  
1866–1870 West, William H.William H. West Republican Logan William H. West 002.png  
1870–1874 Pond, Francis BatesFrancis Bates Pond Republican Morgan Francis Bates Pond.jpg  
1874–1878 Little, JohnJohn Little Republican Greene John Little (congressman).jpg  
1878–1880 Pillars, IsaiahIsaiah Pillars Democratic Allen Isaiah Pillars.png  
1880–1883 Nash, George K.George K. Nash Republican Franklin George K. Nash 002.png  
1883–1884 Hollingsworth, DavidDavid Hollingsworth Republican Harrison David Hollingsworth.png  
1884–1886 Lawrence, JamesJames Lawrence Democratic Cuyahoga James Lawrence (Ohio politician).jpg  
1886–1888 Kohler, Jacob A.Jacob A. Kohler Republican Summit Jacob A. Kohler.png  
1888–1892 Watson, David K.David K. Watson Republican Franklin David K. Watson.png  
1892–1896 Richards, John K.John K. Richards Republican Lawrence John K. Richards.jpg  
1896–1900 Monnette, Frank S.Frank S. Monnette Republican Crawford Frank S. Monnette.png  
1900–1904 Sheets, John M.John M. Sheets Republican Putnam John M. Sheets.png  
1904–1908 Ellis, Wade H.Wade H. Ellis Republican Hamilton Wade H. Ellis.png  
1908–1911 Denman, Ulysses G.Ulysses G. Denman Republican Lucas Ulysses G. Denman.png  
1911–1915 Hogan, Timothy S.Timothy S. Hogan Democratic Jackson Timothy Sylvester Hogan (circa 1912).png  
1915–1917 Turner, Edward C.Edward C. Turner Republican Franklin Edward C. Turner (1915).png  
1917–1919 McGhee, JosephJoseph McGhee Democratic Jackson Joseph McGhee (circa 1912).png  
1919–1923 Price, John G.John G. Price Republican Franklin John G. Price 002.png  
1923–1927 Crabbe, Charles C.Charles C. Crabbe Republican Madison Charles C. Crabbe 1920.png  
1927–1929 Turner, Edward C.Edward C. Turner (2nd) Republican Franklin Edward C. Turner (1915).png  
1929–1933 Bettman, GilbertGilbert Bettman Republican Franklin  
1933–1937 Bricker, John W.John W. Bricker Republican Franklin John William Bricker (Gov., Sen. OH).jpg  
1937–1939 Duffy, Herbert S.Herbert S. Duffy Democratic Franklin  
1939–1945 Herbert, Thomas J.Thomas J. Herbert Republican Cuyahoga Thomas J. Herbert (1921).png  
1945–1949 Jenkins, Hugh S.Hugh S. Jenkins Republican Mahoning  
1949–1951 Duffy, Herbert S.Herbert S. Duffy (2nd) Democratic Franklin  
1951–1957 O'Neill, C. WilliamC. William O'Neill Republican Washington  
1957–1959 Saxbe, William B.William B. Saxbe Republican Champaign WilliamBartSaxbe2.jpg  
1959–1963 McElroy, MarkMark McElroy Democratic Cuyahoga  
1963–1969 Saxbe, William B.William B. Saxbe (2nd) Republican Champaign William B. Saxbe.jpg resigned
1969–1971 Brown, Paul W.Paul W. Brown Republican Franklin  
1971–1983 Brown, William J.William J. Brown Democratic Mahoning  
1983–1991 Celebrezze Jr., Anthony J.Anthony J. Celebrezze Jr. Democratic Cuyahoga  
1991–1995 Fisher, LeeLee Fisher Democratic Cuyahoga Lee Fisher.jpg  
1995–2003 Montgomery, BettyBetty Montgomery Republican Wood  
2003–2007 Petro, JimJim Petro Republican Cuyahoga  
2007–2008 Dann, MarcMarc Dann Democratic Trumbull resigned on May 14, 2008
2008–2009 Rogers, Nancy H.Nancy H. Rogers Democratic[2] Franklin   Did not run in the subsequent special election.
2009–2011 Cordray, RichardRichard Cordray Democratic Franklin Richard Cordray.jpg  
2011– DeWine, MikeMike DeWine Republican Greene 2011MikeDewineHiResWeb.jpg  

Elections[edit]

The voters of the U.S. state of Ohio elect an attorney general for a four-year term. The winning candidate is shown in bold.

Year Democrat Republican Other
2010[3] Richard Cordray : 1,772,728 Mike DeWine : 1,821,414 Marc Allan Feldman
(Lib) : 107,521
Robert M. Owens
(Constitution) : 130,065
2008 (s)[4] Richard Cordray : 2,890,953 Michael Crites : 1,956,252 Robert M. Owens (I) : 246,002
2006 Marc Dann Betty D. Montgomery  
2002 Leigh Herington James M. Petro  
1998 Richard Cordray Betty D. Montgomery  
1994 Lee Fisher Betty D. Montgomery  
1990 Lee Fisher Paul E. Pfeifer  
1986 Anthony J. "Tony" Celebrezze Jr. Barry Levey  
1986 Anthony J. "Tony" Celebrezze Jr. Charles R. Saxbe  
1978 William J. Brown George C. Smith  
1974 William J. Brown George C. Smith  
1970 William J. Brown John D. Herbert  
1966 Robert E. Sweeney William B. Saxbe  
1962 Robert E. Sweeney William B. Saxbe  
1958 Mark McElroy William B. Saxbe  
1956 Stephen M. Young William B. Saxbe  
1954 Paul F. Ward C. William O'Neill  
1952 Paul F. Ward C. William O'Neill  
1950 Herbert S. Duffy C. William O'Neill  
1948 Herbert S. Duffy Hugh S. Jenkins  
1946 Timothy S. Hogan Hugh S. Jenkins  
1944 George A. Hurley Hugh S. Jenkins  
1942 Herbert S. Duffy Thomas J. Herbert  
1940 George D. Nye Thomas J. Herbert  
1926[5] Charles B. Zimmerman Edward C. Turner  
1922[6] Stephen M. Young : 744,693 Charles C. Crabbe : 780,192  
1920[7] Joseph McGhee : 824,172 John G. Price : 1,058,561 Joseph W. Sharts : 44,180
George Edwards : 1,720
1916[8] Joseph McGhee : 558,719 Edward C. Turner : 549,169 Jacob L. Bachman : 38,432
George Hawke : 6,839
1912[9] Timothy S. Hogan Freeman T. Eagleson Robert R. Nevin (Progressive)
1910[10] Timothy S. Hogan Ulysses G. Denman  
1908[11] Timothy S. Hogan : 521,819 Ulysses G. Denman : 551,084 John C. Madden (Soc) : 31,804
George S. Hawke (Pro) : 10,854
John P. Turner (Ind) : 586
Joseph A. Meyer (Peo) : 178
Max Eisenberg (Soc Lab) : 851
1905[12] James A. Rice : 418,954 Wade H. Ellis : 461,402 John C. Madden (Soc) : 18,669
Walter S. Lister (Pro) : 13,636
James Matthews (Soc Lab) : 1,836
1903[13] Frank S. Monnette : 360,916 Wade H. Ellis : 470,589 John C. Madden (Soc) : 19,922
Thomas W. Shreve (Pro) : 13,313
Otto Steinhoff (Soc Lab) : 2,145
1901[14] W. B. McCarty John M. Sheets  
1899[15] William H. Dore John M. Sheets  
1897[16] William H. Dore : 401,338 Frank S. Monnette : 427,337 Olin J. Ross : 7,585
Cyrus A. Reider : 5,935
Daniel Wilson : 1,512
Charles F. Armistead : 453
John W. Roseborough : 3,112
1895[17] George A. Fairbanks 329,252 Frank S. Monnette 427,485  
1893[18] John P. Bailey 346,707 John K. Richards 422,449  
1891[19] John P. Bailey 345,245 John K. Richards 373,816  
1889[20] Jesse M. Lewis 373,335 David K. Watson 377,140  
1887[21] William H. Leete 327,551 David K. Watson 357,433  
1885[22] James Lawrence 341,762 Jacob A. Kohler 360,802  
1883[23] James Lawrence 360,184 Moses B. Earnhart 347,589  
1881[24] Frank C. Daugherty 287,470 George K. Nash 315,655  
1879[25] Isaiah Pillars 316,778 George K. Nash 336,100  
1877[26] Isaiah Pillars 269,506 George K. Nash 252,155  
1875[27] Thomas E. Powell 292,487 John Little 296,858  
1873[28] Michael A. Daugherty 213,413 John Little 213,983  
1871[29] Edward S. Wallace 218,077 Francis Bates Pond 237,718  
1869[30] John M. Connell 227,903 Francis Bates Pond 235,285  
1867[31] Frank H. Hurd : 240,847 William H. West : 243,449  
1865[32] David M. Wilson : 193,466 William H. West : 225,278  
1864[33][34] Lyman R. Critchfield : 183,747 William P. Richardson : 238,104  
1862[35] Lyman R. Critchfield : 183,232 Chauncey N. Olds : 178,855  
1860[36] David W. Stambaugh : 189,999 James Murray : 215,277  
1858[37] Durbin Ward : 162,136 Christopher Wolcott : 182,985  
1856[38] Samuel M. Hart : 154,313 Christopher Wolcott : 176,155 John M. Buselfreed (American)
23,095
1855[39] George W. McCook : 132,216 Francis D. Kimball : 168,868  
1853[40] George W. McCook : 149,957 Cooper K. Watson
(Free Soil) : 35,504
William Harvey Gibson
(Whig) : 97,394
1851[41] George E. Pugh : 147,059 William A. Rogers
(Free Soil) : 12,883
Henry Stanbery
(Whig) : 119,429

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.wkyc.com/news/elections/results/20081104/race2052.htm
  2. ^ When appointed by Democratic Governor Ted Strickland on May 28, 2008, Ms. Rogers announced that she was a Democrat although she had been a registered Republican in the past and has donated money to Republican candidates.
  3. ^ "Attorney General November 2, 2010". Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved 2012-06-27. 
  4. ^ "Ohio Attorney General - Unexpired Term Ending January 9, 2011: November 4, 2008". Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved 2012-06-27. 
  5. ^ The Supreme Court of Ohio and The Ohio Judicial System – Charles Ballard Zimmerman
  6. ^ Brown, Thad H (1923). Vote polled in the several counties of the State of Ohio at the Election held November 7, 1922 and at the Primary Elections held August 8, 1922. p. 17. 
  7. ^ Ohio General Assembly (1921). Journal of the House of Representatives of the 84th General Assembly of the State of Ohio CIX. Columbus: F J Heer Printing. p. 22. 
  8. ^ Journal of the House of Representatives of the Eighty Second General Assembly of the State of Ohio. 1917. p. 27. 
  9. ^ Powell 1913 : 453-454
  10. ^ Powell 1913 : 423
  11. ^ Ohio Secretary of State. Ohio election statistics:.  page 408 of pdf file
  12. ^ Ohio Secretary of State. Ohio election statistics:.  page 19 of pdf file
  13. ^ Ohio Secretary of State. Ohio election statistics:.  page 1669 of pdf file
  14. ^ Powell 1913 : 379-380
  15. ^ Powell 1913 : 371-372
  16. ^ Taylor, William Alexander; Taylor, Aubrey Clarence (1899). Ohio statesmen and annals of progress: from the year 1788 to the year 1900 ... 2. State of Ohio. p. 121.  page 388 of pdf file
  17. ^ Smith 1898 : 665
  18. ^ Smith 1898 : 644
  19. ^ Smith 1898 : 605
  20. ^ Smith 1898 : 579
  21. ^ Smith 1898 : 541
  22. ^ Smith 1898 : 512
  23. ^ Smith 1898 : 473
  24. ^ Smith 1898 : 450
  25. ^ Smith 1898 : 406
  26. ^ Smith 1898 : 379
  27. ^ Smith 1898 : 342
  28. ^ Smith 1898 : 319
  29. ^ Smith 1898 : 286
  30. ^ Smith 1898 : 268
  31. ^ Smith 1898 : 238
  32. ^ smith 1898 : 209
  33. ^ Smith 1898 : 195
  34. ^ Bell 1876 : 147
  35. ^ Smith 1898 : 150
  36. ^ Smith 1898 : 128
  37. ^ Smith 1898 : 84
  38. ^ Smith 1898 : 65
  39. ^ Smith 1898 : 40
  40. ^ Bell 1876 : 120-121
  41. ^ Bell 1876 : 114-115

References[edit]

External links[edit]