Ohio Attorney General
The Ohio Attorney General is the chief legal officer of the State of Ohio in the United States. The office is filled by general election, held every four years. The current[update] Ohio Attorney General is Mike DeWine.
The office of the Ohio Attorney General was first created by the Ohio General Assembly by statute in 1846. The attorney general's principal duties were to give legal advice to the state government, to represent the state in legal matters, and to advise the state's county prosecutors. Originally, the attorney general was appointed by the legislature. With the adoption of Ohio's second constitution in 1851, the attorney general became an elected office. The attorney general's duties were drawn very generally at that time.
In 1952, the General Assembly passed a statute that added to the attorney general's responsibilities, including trusteeship over charitable trusts, and legal advice to more government agencies. The act stated that the attorney general could prosecute individuals only if the governor requested so in writing. Starting in 1954, the term of office was increased from two years to four years.
In 2008 Nancy H. Rogers was appointed following the resignation of Marc Dann. A special election was held in 2008 to find a permanent replacement; then–Ohio State Treasurer Richard Cordray (D) beat out Michael Crites (R), and Robert M. Owens (I) for the position.
The Solicitor General of Ohio is the top appellate lawyer in the Attorney General's office.
List of Attorneys General of Ohio, 1846–present
|Term||Attorney General||Party||Home county||Image||Notes|
|1846–1851||Stanbery, HenryHenry Stanbery||Whig||Fairfield|
|1851–1852||McCormick, JosephJoseph McCormick||Democratic||Adams|
|1852–1854||Pugh, George EllisGeorge Ellis Pugh||Democratic||Hamilton|
|1854–1856||McCook, George W.George W. McCook||Democratic||Jefferson|
|1856||Kimball, Francis D.Francis D. Kimball||Republican||Medina||died|
|1856–1861||Wolcott, ChristopherChristopher Wolcott||Republican||Summit|
|1861–1863||Murray, JamesJames Murray||Republican||Wood|
|1863–1865||Critchfield, Lyman R.Lyman R. Critchfield||Democratic||Holmes|
|1865||Richardson, William P.William P. Richardson||Unionist||Washington||resigned|
|1865–1866||Olds, Chauncey N.Chauncey N. Olds||Republican||Pickaway|
|1866–1870||West, William H.William H. West||Republican||Logan|
|1870–1874||Pond, Francis BatesFrancis Bates Pond||Republican||Morgan|
|1874–1878||Little, JohnJohn Little||Republican||Greene|
|1878–1880||Pillars, IsaiahIsaiah Pillars||Democratic||Allen|
|1880–1883||Nash, George K.George K. Nash||Republican||Franklin|
|1883–1884||Hollingsworth, DavidDavid Hollingsworth||Republican||Harrison|
|1884–1886||Lawrence, JamesJames Lawrence||Democratic||Cuyahoga|
|1886–1888||Kohler, Jacob A.Jacob A. Kohler||Republican||Summit|
|1888–1892||Watson, David K.David K. Watson||Republican||Franklin|
|1892–1896||Richards, John K.John K. Richards||Republican||Lawrence|
|1896–1900||Monnette, Frank S.Frank S. Monnette||Republican||Crawford|
|1900–1904||Sheets, John M.John M. Sheets||Republican||Putnam|
|1904–1908||Ellis, Wade H.Wade H. Ellis||Republican||Hamilton|
|1908–1911||Denman, Ulysses G.Ulysses G. Denman||Republican||Lucas|
|1911–1915||Hogan, Timothy S.Timothy S. Hogan||Democratic||Jackson|
|1915–1917||Turner, Edward C.Edward C. Turner||Republican||Franklin|
|1917–1919||McGhee, JosephJoseph McGhee||Democratic||Jackson|
|1919–1923||Price, John G.John G. Price||Republican||Franklin|
|1923–1927||Crabbe, Charles C.Charles C. Crabbe||Republican||Madison|
|1927–1929||Turner, Edward C.Edward C. Turner (2nd)||Republican||Franklin|
|1929–1933||Bettman, GilbertGilbert Bettman||Republican||Franklin|
|1933–1937||Bricker, John W.John W. Bricker||Republican||Franklin|
|1937–1939||Duffy, Herbert S.Herbert S. Duffy||Democratic||Franklin|
|1939–1945||Herbert, Thomas J.Thomas J. Herbert||Republican||Cuyahoga|
|1945–1949||Jenkins, Hugh S.Hugh S. Jenkins||Republican||Mahoning|
|1949–1951||Duffy, Herbert S.Herbert S. Duffy (2nd)||Democratic||Franklin|
|1951–1957||O'Neill, C. WilliamC. William O'Neill||Republican||Washington|
|1957–1959||Saxbe, William B.William B. Saxbe||Republican||Champaign|
|1959–1963||McElroy, MarkMark McElroy||Democratic||Cuyahoga|
|1963–1969||Saxbe, William B.William B. Saxbe (2nd)||Republican||Champaign||resigned|
|1969–1971||Brown, Paul W.Paul W. Brown||Republican||Franklin|
|1971–1983||Brown, William J.William J. Brown||Democratic||Mahoning|
|1983–1991||Celebrezze Jr., Anthony J.Anthony J. Celebrezze Jr.||Democratic||Cuyahoga|
|1991–1995||Fisher, LeeLee Fisher||Democratic||Cuyahoga|
|1995–2003||Montgomery, BettyBetty Montgomery||Republican||Wood|
|2003–2007||Petro, JimJim Petro||Republican||Cuyahoga|
|2007–2008||Dann, MarcMarc Dann||Democratic||Trumbull||resigned on May 14, 2008|
|2008–2009||Rogers, Nancy H.Nancy H. Rogers||Democratic||Franklin||Did not run in the subsequent special election.|
|2009–2011||Cordray, RichardRichard Cordray||Democratic||Franklin|
|2011–||DeWine, MikeMike DeWine||Republican||Greene|
|Elections in Ohio|
- When appointed by Democratic Governor Ted Strickland on May 28, 2008, Ms. Rogers announced that she was a Democrat although she had been a registered Republican in the past and has donated money to Republican candidates.
- "Attorney General November 2, 2010". Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- "Ohio Attorney General - Unexpired Term Ending January 9, 2011: November 4, 2008". Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- The Supreme Court of Ohio and The Ohio Judicial System – Charles Ballard Zimmerman
- Brown, Thad H (1923). Vote polled in the several counties of the State of Ohio at the Election held November 7, 1922 and at the Primary Elections held August 8, 1922. p. 17.
- Ohio General Assembly (1921). Journal of the House of Representatives of the 84th General Assembly of the State of Ohio CIX. Columbus: F J Heer Printing. p. 22.
- Journal of the House of Representatives of the Eighty Second General Assembly of the State of Ohio. 1917. p. 27.
- Powell 1913 : 453-454
- Powell 1913 : 423
- Ohio Secretary of State. Ohio election statistics:. page 408 of pdf file
- Ohio Secretary of State. Ohio election statistics:. page 19 of pdf file
- Ohio Secretary of State. Ohio election statistics:. page 1669 of pdf file
- Powell 1913 : 379-380
- Powell 1913 : 371-372
- Taylor, William Alexander; Taylor, Aubrey Clarence (1899). Ohio statesmen and annals of progress: from the year 1788 to the year 1900 ... 2. State of Ohio. p. 121. page 388 of pdf file
- Smith 1898 : 665
- Smith 1898 : 644
- Smith 1898 : 605
- Smith 1898 : 579
- Smith 1898 : 541
- Smith 1898 : 512
- Smith 1898 : 473
- Smith 1898 : 450
- Smith 1898 : 406
- Smith 1898 : 379
- Smith 1898 : 342
- Smith 1898 : 319
- Smith 1898 : 286
- Smith 1898 : 268
- Smith 1898 : 238
- smith 1898 : 209
- Smith 1898 : 195
- Bell 1876 : 147
- Smith 1898 : 150
- Smith 1898 : 128
- Smith 1898 : 84
- Smith 1898 : 65
- Smith 1898 : 40
- Bell 1876 : 120-121
- Bell 1876 : 114-115
- Smith, Joseph P, ed. (1898). History of the Republican Party in Ohio I. Chicago: the Lewis Publishing Company.
- Bell, William, Jr. (1876). Annual report of the Secretary of State to the Governor and General Assembly for the year 1875.... Ohio Secretary of State.
- Powell, Thomas Edward, ed. (1913). The Democratic party of the state of Ohio: a comprehensive history 1. The Ohio Publishing Company.
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