Ohio City, Cleveland
|— Neighborhoods of Cleveland —|
|1.1% decrease from 2000 Census|
|• Mixed Race & Other||2.2%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP Codes||44113, 44102|
|Source: 2010 U.S. Census, City Planning Commission of Cleveland|
Ohio City Preservation District
The West Side Market
|Location:||Roughly Franklin Blvd. NW., W. 38th St., Bridge Ave. NW., & W. 44th St., & Stone, W. 25th, Bridge Ave. NW., & W. 28th, Cleveland, Ohio|
|Architectural style:||Greek Revival, Italianate, Queen Anne|
|Added to NRHP:||May 25, 1989|
The City of Ohio became an independent municipality on March 3, 1836, splitting from Brooklyn Township. The city grew from a population of 2,400 people in the early 1830s to over 4,000 in 1850. The municipality was annexed by Cleveland on June 5, 1854.
James A. Garfield, who became the 20th president of the United States, frequently preached at Franklin Circle Christian Church in 1857. Franklin Circle Christian Church is located at the intersection of Franklin Avenue and Fulton Road.
The modern focal point of Ohio City is the historic West Side Market, built in 1912. The European-styled market, located at the intersection of Lorain Avenue and West 25th Street, draws an estimated one million visitors annually.
Founded in 1886, Saint Ignatius High School is located in Ohio City just blocks from the West Side Market. Located at 1911 W. 30th Street, the school provides young men with a college preparatory education in the Jesuit tradition, encouraging service to the surrounding community. It has a reputation for academic excellence, as well as nationally recognized sports teams. Some members of the community have bristled at the expansion of the school and have resisted the sales of surrounding property.
St. John's Episcopal Church, located at Church and W. 28th Street, is the oldest consecrated building in Cuyahoga County and is the mother church of the current Episcopal cathedral located in downtown Cleveland. The church was one of the final stops on the Underground Railroad in Northeastern Ohio, and the remains of an entrance to a tunnel leading to the banks of the nearby Cuyahoga River can still be seen in the basement. Several nearby streets retain church-related names, such as Vestry. An Episcopal parish continues to worship in the space, although membership has dramatically declined with the demographic changes in the neighborhood.
The award-winning Great Lakes Brewing Company is located on W. 28th Street in Ohio City. Its brewpub on Market Avenue (adjacent to the West Side Market) occupies a building that formerly housed the Market Tavern, a pub frequented by Elliot Ness.
The demographics of Ohio City have changed rather dramatically in the latter half of the 20th century and first part of the 21st. Originally composed mainly of English and German descendants, many Eastern European immigrants moved into the area during the migrations in the first half of the 20th century. In the 1960s and 1970s, as Cleveland expanded and the wealthy moved to the surrounding suburbs (including Parma, Brooklyn, and Lakewood), the percentage of African Americans increased. The size of the Latino community has also increased. However, Cleveland City Council, with an eye on redevelopment and with the incentive of tax breaks, has lured an increasing number of suburbanites of all backgrounds back into the Ohio City area. This has led to a diverse community and melting pot.
- "Census 2010 PL94-171 Redistricting Data for Cleveland's Statistical Planning Areas (Yr 2000 boundaries)". Cleveland City Planning Commission. City of Cleveland. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- About at WestSideMarket.org
- Around the Brewpub at Great Lakes Brewing Company
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