Ohio County, Kentucky
|Ohio County, Kentucky|
Ohio County Courthouse in Hartford, Kentucky
Location in the state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
|Named for||The Ohio River, which formed the county's northern border until its division to creation Daviess and Hancock counties.|
|Largest city||Beaver Dam|
|• Total||596.73 sq mi (1,546 km2)|
|• Land||593.79 sq mi (1,538 km2)|
|• Water||2.94 sq mi (8 km2), 0.49%|
|• Density||40/sq mi (15/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Ohio County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of 2010, the population was 23,842. Its county seat is Hartford. The county is named after the Ohio River, which originally formed its northern boundary. It is a dry county, which means that the sale of alcohol is restricted or prohibited.
Ohio County is part of the Western Coal Fields region of Kentucky. According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 596.73 square miles (1,545.5 km2), of which 593.79 square miles (1,537.9 km2) (or 99.51%) is land and 2.94 square miles (7.6 km2) (or 0.49%) is water. Much of Ohio County is farmland and the eastern and northern parts have rolling hills. Of the 120 counties in Kentucky, it is the fifth largest. The county is intersected by the Rough River and the Green River runs along its southwestern border.
- Hancock County (north)
- Breckinridge County (northeast)
- Grayson County (east)
- Butler County (southeast)
- Muhlenberg County (southwest)
- McLean County (west)
- Daviess County (northwest)
Ohio County was formed in 1798 from land given by Hardin County. Ohio was the 35th Kentucky county in order of formation. It was named for the Ohio River, which originally formed its northern boundary, but lost its northern portions in 1829, when Daviess County and Hancock County were formed. The first settlements in Ohio County were Barnetts Station and Hartford. In 1865, during the American Civil War, the courthouse in Hartford was burned by Kentucky Confederate cavalry because it was being used to house soldiers of the occupying Union Army. The county records were removed first and preserved. Ohio County is famous for its coal mines, which in the 1970s produced much of the nation's coal.
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,916 people, 8,899 households, and 6,585 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 per square mile (15 /km2). There were 9,909 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (6.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,899 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.20% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.00% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,557, and the median income for a family was $34,970. Males had a median income of $29,778 versus $19,233 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,317. About 13.90% of families and 17.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.90% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- Beaver Dam
- Cool Springs
- Horse Branch
- Pleasant Ridge
- James Earp, lawman, soldier, and saloon-keeper, member of the Earp family
- Newton Earp, Civil War soldier
- Virgil Earp, lawman and soldier
- John Givens, first coach of Kentucky Colonels professional basketball team
- Bill Monroe, known as the father of Bluegrass music
- George H. Tichenor, inventor of Dr. Tichenor's antiseptic.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "Ohio. II. A W. county of Kentucky". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.
- Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.