Ohio State Penitentiary
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Level 5 inmates occupy cells that are 61⁄2 × 11 feet and include a sink, toilet, desk, stool, and a slab of concrete with a thin mattress. These inmates are in lock down for twenty-three hours per day in their cell. Inmates in Levels 5B and 5A are classified as those who fail to adapt or those who are active participants/ring leaders of security threat groups.
Level 4 inmates occupy similarly-designed cells but have additional freedom to move about within specific cell blocks. Inmates classified as Level 4B may also exercise within their specific cell block, but are also required to lock down before security staff enter the cell block to perform range checks, serve food, etc. Inmates classified as Level 4A are not subject to this restriction.
Formerly, the majority of Ohio's death row inmates were held at OSP. In January 2012, the majority of death row inmates were transferred to the Chillicothe Correctional Institution. OSP does retain death row cells for inmates who are considered the highest security risk. As of January 2012, six high security death row inmates remain at OSP.
Ohio State Penitentiary currently holds level 5, 4, 3 and 1 inmates. Level 1 inmates are housed outside of the institutional fence in their own building. Inmates placed in segregation are locked down with the exception of showers.
The original Ohio Penitentiary was located in Columbus, Ohio. It was razed in 1998 to make way for the Arena District. During its time of operation, the penitentiary hosted many notable prisoners including James H. Snook and the novelist O. Henry. During the American Civil War, the prison housed members of John Hunt Morgan's Confederate cavalry, who had been detained following Morgan's Raid. Morgan and several of his men successfully escaped captivity and returned to the South.
- T.J. Lane and other two inmates who escaped transferred to Youngstown maximum security prison
-  Ohio State Penitentiary
-  Ohio Death Row Inmates
-  Bill Nichols, "Contemplating Torture," Prisonersolidarity.org, Jan. 27, 2006.
-  Andrew Welsh-Huggins, "Federal judge allows state to move death row to Youngstown," The Associated Press, Oct. 4, 2005
-  Staughton and Alice Lynd, "Prison Advocacy in a Time of Capital Disaccumulation," The Monthly Review, August 2001.
-  Daniel Sturm, "Ohio's Abu Ghraib," ZNet, August 3, 2005.
- John Parsons (criminal) John Parsons