Ohio State Route 55

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State Route 55 marker

State Route 55
Route information
Maintained by ODOT
Length: 38.98 mi[1] (62.73 km)
Existed: 1923 – present
Major junctions
West end: SR 571 near Laura
  I‑75 in Troy
East end: US 36 / US 68 / SR 29 / SR 54 in Urbana
Location
Counties: Miami, Champaign
Highway system
SR 54 SR 56

State Route 55 (SR 55, OH 55) is an east–west state route in western Ohio. Its western terminus is near the town of Laura at SR 571, and its eastern terminus is in downtown Urbana at the confluence of US 36, US 68, SR 29 and SR 54. SR 55 runs concurrent with US 68 for 1 mile (1.6 km) approaching its eastern terminus.

Route description[edit]

Laura to Troy[edit]

SR 55 starts from an intersection with SR 571 just east of Laura in Union Township. SR 55 starts out in a northeasterly direction by straddling the Ludlow Creek and some woods on the south side, and farmland on the north side, with occasional houses along the way. SR 55 intersects Miami County Road 50, then turns easterly, meeting County Road 9 further east. Bending slightly to the southeast, SR 55 meets Elleman Road, then turns east until it intersects Davis Road, where it shifts to the northeast, and heads into Ludlow Falls. SR 55 maneuvers through this predominantly residential village via Greenville Avenue, Covington Avenue and Friend Street, along which SR 55 meets SR 48 at a T-intersection. Here, SR 55 turns south and departs Ludlow Falls concurrent with SR 48.[2]

SR 55 and SR 48 run together for less than 0.5-mile (0.80 km), crossing Ludlow Creek in the process. SR 55 splits off from SR 48, and resumes an easterly trek through farm country. SR 55 starts to bend northeasterly as it meets Calumet Road, crosses over the Stillwater River, and intersects Kessler-Frederick Road consecutively. Continuing northeasterly, SR 55 has intersections with Greenlee Road and Miami County Road 139. SR 55 departs Union Township, and enters Concord Township, whereupon it meets Horseshoe Bend Road (Miami County Road 39). SR 55 passes an intersection with Miami County Road 132, and then meets Miami County Road 41. At that intersection, SR 55 enters into Troy, and the landscape changes from rural to suburban, with subdivisions dotting the landscape.[2]

View looking west along westbound SR 55 in downtown Troy. An aged BL I-75 shield accompanies the SR 55 shield shown here.

SR 55 widens out to a four-lane divided highway at the Barnhart Road intersection, where the highway enters into a more commercial area. Following Fenner Road, SR 55 arrives a diamond interchange with I-75 . East of I-75, SR 55 almost immediately arrives at the eastern terminus of SR 718, a signalized T-intersection. Past SR 718, SR 55 narrows down to two lanes, and enters into a primarily residential portion of Troy along West Market Street. SR 55 meets South Market Street, the former routing of US 25, and turns northeasterly toward the central business district. Once into downtown Troy, SR 55 intersects SR 41 at a traffic circle in Public Square.[2]

Troy to Urbana[edit]

Departing from the traffic circle in a northeasterly fashion, SR 55 intersects Water Street, then immediately crosses the Great Miami River. After crossing the river, SR 55 turns easterly onto Staunton Road from Market Street. While passing to the north of the Miami Shores Golf Course, a series of residential subdivisions abut the north side of SR 55. On the outskirts of Troy, SR 55 meets SR 202 at its northern terminus. Entering into Staunton Township, SR 55 starts to trend northeasterly, with the residential setting yielding to a more rural landscape featuring vast amounts of farmland, with the occasional house situated off of the highway. SR 55 intersects Sayers Road, then crosses into Lostcreek Township. After passing Casstown-Sidney Road, SR 55 arrives in Casstown. Entering into town on Troy Pike, SR 55 turns north onto Main Street, and follows Casstown’s main drag up to the SR 589 junction. SR 55 turns easterly onto Addison Street, while SR 589 northbound begins straight ahead at that intersection.[3]

SR 55 departs Casstown, and continues easterly through Lostcreek Township. Turning northeasterly again, SR 55 passes occasional patches of trees amidst the vast farmland. SR 55 intersects Rugged Hill Road, bends back to the east, then meets Sodom Road. Trending more southeasterly at this point, SR 55 arrives at a T-intersection that marks the northern terminus of SR 201. East of there, SR 55 resumes an easterly path, intersecting Alcony-Conover Road, and crossing into Champaign County.[3]

Into Champaign County, SR 55 makes a brief trip through Jackson Township en route to Christiansburg. SR 55 passes through the community along Pike Street, a primarily residential street. Departing Christiansburg to the east, SR 55 re-emerges into rural Jackson Township. Turning northeasterly, SR 55 passes by Panhandle Road, then curves to the east just prior to meeting SR 235. Vast swaths of farmland and the occasional house compose SR 55’s surroundings east of SR 235, as the highway passes by intersections with St. Paris-New Carlisle Road, Heck Road and Dialton Road. SR 55 next enters into Mad River Township. SR 55 passes through the hamlet of Thackery, briefly turning north at the Hampton-Donnellsville Road intersection there before resuming its easterly course. The highway turns southeasterly where it meets Vance Road, then makes a turn to the northeast in the unincorporated community of Terre Haute at the intersection of Coffin Station Road and Storms Creek Road. The northeasterly trend of this two-lane route continues until Rhodes Road, where SR 55 takes on a more east-northeasterly trend through the intersection with Valley Pike, which also serves as the southern terminus of SR 560.[3]

Proceeding eastward, SR 55 meets Bair Road, then turns northeasterly upon crossing over the Mad River. SR 55 then parallels the Mad River for a stretch, intersecting Hickory Grove Road in the process. Curving ever so slightly to the east, SR 55 meets Old Troy Pike. Turning due east, SR 55 enters into Urbana. The rural setting fades, and SR 55 enters into a more commercialized area along, fittingly, Commercial Street. SR 55 meets US 68 at a T-intersection in the southern portion of Urbana. There, SR 55 turns northerly, and the two routes combine to form the main north–south drag through the city. In downtown Urbana, SR 55 comes to an end as the US 68/SR 55 concurrency intersects US 36, SR 29 and SR 54 at a traffic circle.[3]

The portion of SR 55 between Troy and Casstown is designated as the "Pfc. Jeffrey L. Rice Memorial Highway",[4] in honor of a Troy High School and Upper Valley Career Center graduate who was killed in Kandahar, Afghanistan, while serving in the Army, on July 19, 2012.[5][6][7]

History[edit]

The SR 55 that exists today is only a shadow of what it was when first designated in the 1920s. SR 55 came into being in 1923.[8][9] Its original routing took it from Troy all the way up to Parma. This route encompassed the current alignment of SR 55 between Troy and Urbana, the current US 36 from Urbana to Delaware, the current US 42 from Delaware to Medina, the current SR 3 from Medina to Hinckley, and the current SR 94 from Hinckley to Parma.[10]

In 1926, SR 55 was extended on the western end along a previously un-numbered road to Ludlow Falls. In that same year, however, the advent of the U.S. Highway System resulted in a major truncation of SR 55 on the east side. Its new eastern terminus became SR 4 southwest of Milford Center.[11][12][13] SR 55 was further truncated on the east end in 1932, when the coming of US 36 resulted in the relocation of SR 55's eastern terminus to its current location in downtown Urbana.[14][15]

1937 brought another elongation of SR 55 on the western end. In that year, it was extended from Ludlow Falls to its present western terminus.[16][17]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
Miami Union Township 0.00 0.00 SR 571 – West Milton, Laura
Ludlow Falls 3.32 5.34 SR 48 north Western end of SR 48 concurrency
Union Township 3.79 6.10 SR 48 south Eastern end of SR 48 concurrency
Troy 9.82 15.80 I‑75 – Dayton, Toledo Exit 73 (I-75)
10.30 16.58 SR 718 west (Arthur Road) Eastern terminus of SR 718
11.71 18.85 SR 41 (Main Street) Traffic circle
13.02 20.95 SR 202 south Northern terminus of SR 202
Casstown 16.09 25.89 SR 589 north (Main Street) Southern terminus of SR 589
Lostcreek Township 19.31 31.08 SR 201 south Northern terminus SR 201
Champaign Jackson Township 23.53 37.87 SR 235 – New Carlisle, Quincy
Mad River Township 33.05 53.19 SR 560 north / Valley Pike Southern terminus of SR 560
Urbana 37.95 61.07 US 68 south Southern end of US 68 concurrency
38.98 62.73 US 68 north (North Main Street) / US 36 / SR 29 / SR 54 south (Miami Street / Scioto Street) Northern end of US 68 concurrency; northern terminus of SR 54
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

  1. ^ a b Ohio Department of Transportation. "Technical Services Straight Line Diagrams". Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  2. ^ a b c Yahoo! Inc. "Western overview map of SR 55". Yahoo! Maps (Map). Cartography by Navteq. http://maps.yahoo.com/#mvt=m&lat=40.01708&lon=-84.296911&zoom=13&q1=39.99263%2C-84.394242&q2=40.039581%2C-84.203312&w0=40.026299954342285%2C-84.22771453857422%3B40.03285427223055%2C-84.20876269775382. Retrieved 2009-01-18.
  3. ^ a b c d Yahoo! Inc. "Eastern overview map of SR 55". Yahoo! Maps (Map). Cartography by Navteq. http://maps.yahoo.com/#mvt=m&lat=40.07944&lon=-83.972867&zoom=12&q1=40.039565%2C-84.20328&q2=40.059391%2C-83.994432&q3=40.093362%2C-83.75445&q4=40.10797%2C-83.752433. Retrieved 2009-01-18.
  4. ^ "5533.755 [Effective 6/3/2014] Pfc. Jeffrey L. Rice Memorial Highway.". Ohio Revised Code. LAW Writer. June 3, 2014. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  5. ^ Wedell, Katie (July 22, 2012). "Soldier from Troy killed in Afghanistan". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  6. ^ Staff (March 4, 2014). "Two local roads named for local fallen servicemen". WDTN. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ Bowman, Nancy (May 14, 2014). "Highway dedication honors soldier". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ Ohio Department of Transportation (1922). Ohio State Map (Map). Cartography by Ohio Department of Transportation.
  9. ^ Ohio Department of Transportation (1923). Ohio State Map (Map). Cartography by Ohio Department of Transportation.
  10. ^ Ohio Department of Transportation (2007). Ohio State Map (Map). Cartography by Ohio Department of Transportation.
  11. ^ Ohio Department of Transportation (1925). Ohio State Map (Map). Cartography by Ohio Department of Transportation.
  12. ^ Ohio Department of Transportation (1926). Ohio State Map (Map). Cartography by Ohio Department of Transportation.
  13. ^ Ohio Department of Transportation (1927). Ohio State Map (Map). Cartography by Ohio Department of Transportation.
  14. ^ Ohio Department of Transportation (1931). Ohio State Map (Map). Cartography by Ohio Department of Transportation.
  15. ^ Ohio Department of Transportation (1932). Ohio State Map (Map). Cartography by Ohio Department of Transportation.
  16. ^ Ohio Department of Transportation (1936). Ohio State Map (Map). Cartography by Ohio Department of Transportation.
  17. ^ Ohio Department of Transportation (1937). Ohio State Map (Map). Cartography by Ohio Department of Transportation.