Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

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Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center
WexnerMedCenterOSU.gif
The Ohio State University Medical Center 2007.jpg
Medical Center main campus in 2007
Geography
Location The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States
Organization
Funding Government hospital
Hospital type Short Term Acute Care
Affiliated university The Ohio State University
Services
Emergency department US Level I Trauma
Links
Website http://medicalcenter.osu.edu Ohio State University Medical Center
Lists Hospitals in Ohio

The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, formerly called The Ohio State University Medical Center (OSUMC),[1] is a multidisciplinary academic medical center located in Columbus, Ohio, United States, on the main campus of The Ohio State University (OSU). In 2010, the center was ranked one of "America's Best" by U.S. News & World Report in 11 specialties. OSU Medical Center was the only central Ohio hospital ranked as "America's Best" in 2010.[2] In 2009, OSUMC was ranked as one of the best hospitals in the U.S. by U.S. News & World Report in 10 specialties, and placed among 21 hospitals named to the nation's honor roll of hospitals.[3] In 2012, it was announced the OSU Medical Center would change its name to Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University.[4]

The Ohio State University College of Medicine[edit]

The Ohio State University College of Medicine is the medical school at The Ohio State University and is located in Columbus. The college is nationally recognized as a top institution in both education and research, as reflected by rankings in U.S. News & World Report. In 2009, its primary teaching hospital (Ohio State University Hospital) ranked as one of the best hospitals in the U.S. in 10 different specialties; it was chosen to be among the 21 hospitals named to U.S. News & World Report '​s select honor roll of U.S. hospitals.[5]

James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute[edit]

The Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute is a dedicated cancer hospital and research center that is part of the university's Comprehensive Cancer Center, with a governance structure separate from, but coordinated with, OSUMC.

OSU Physicians, Inc.[edit]

OSU Physicians Inc. is a unified physician practice representing more than 700 physicians.

OSU Health System[edit]

The OSU Health System is part of the center, which includes University Hospital and University Hospital East, OSUMC's two full-service hospitals. Other hospitals include the OSU Harding Hospital, an inpatient and outpatient psychiatric hospital; the Richard M. Ross Heart Hospital, dedicated to the study, treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases; OSU Rehabilitation Services at Dodd Hall, one of America's Top 10 rehabilitation centers, according to U.S.News & World Report; and the OSU Primary Care Network, an extensive network of community-based primary and sub-specialty care facilities throughout central Ohio. More than 50,000 inpatients receive medical care annually from OSUMC and OSUMC manages more than one million patient visits each year.

Ross Heart Hospital at the OSU Medical Center

Medical breakthroughs and firsts[edit]

Pioneer Dr. Carl Leier developed Dobutamine, the revolutionary drug treatment to help heart failure. Dr. Bertha A. Bouroncle discovered hairy cell leukemia and developed a cure for it, Deoxycoformycin, along with Dr. Michael Grever, and Dr. Eric Kraut. Dr. Albert de la Chappelle discovered the founder mutation in cancer. Dr. William Hunt and Dr. Robert Hess in the Department of Neurological Surgery developed the Hunt and Hess scale for grading the severity of intracranial hemorrhages. Educational firsts by the Ohio State Medical School include an independent study curriculum in 1970, and a human cancer genetics fellowship. OSU was the first medical center in the United States to complete a heart bypass using minimally invasive robotics technology and the first to insert a digital pacemaker in a patient. Ohio State is a world leader in imaging research, installing the world's most powerful magnetic resonance imaging scanner in 1998, the 8 tesla MRI.[6]

In 2000, young doctors and recent OSU graduates Peter Kourlas and Matthew Strout conducted genetic research that led to the discovery of a gene that plays a role in acute myeloid leukemia. Their work was conducted in the lab of Dr. Michael Caligiuri, an internationally celebrated researcher recognized for his work in leukemia, lymphoma and immunology.[7]

In 2002 Dr. Carlo Croce at the Ohio State University Medical Center took part in a groundbreaking genetic discovery concerning aberrant microRNA expression in fighting cancer, which sparked a new whole new field of medical research.[8]

In 2009 scientists at the university also became the first to observe the entire real time behavior of the enzyme Dpo4, which will lead to studies on how genetic copying mistakes are made that lead to cancer and diseases, and the understanding of the molecular basis for disease.[9] Later that year scientists developed technology that can magnetically manipulate cancerous cells.[10]

On August 21, 2013 Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center surgeon Dr. Christopher Kaeding performed the first surgery in the United States while streaming video live using Google Glass.[11]

Robotic surgery[edit]

The Ohio State University Medical Center has become a pioneer and leader in robotic surgery.

In 1999, Dr. Randall Wolf and Dr. Robert Michler became the first in the country to perform a robotically-assisted heart by-pass, while under the direction of Dr. Michler in 2009, the center became the first in North America to use the da Vinci HS SI robot during a surgery.[12] In July 2009, OSU pioneered single incision robotic kidney surgery.[13]

In 2010, Dr. Enver Ozer performed the first robotic thyroidectomy in central Ohio.[12]

Proposed ProjectONE complex at the OSU Medical Center

Expansion[edit]

In September 2009, the Ohio State University trustees approved a $1 billion expansion of the medical center.[14] The expansion is known as ProjectONE which refers to the collaboration between the Medical Center and The Ohio State University. The 20-story tower[15] will house hospital beds dedicated to cancer and critical care patients. The hospital notably received a $100 million federal grant for the inclusion of a specialized radiation oncology center. The proposed construction plans included demolition of Means Hall and work on surrounding electrical and sewage systems, among other changes. Ground was broken for the project on June 18, 2010 with a completion date slated for 2014.

In 2012, it was announced the OSU Medical Center would change its name to Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University after alumnus Les Wexner founder of Limited Brands.[4]

The actual new name is The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center (OSUWMC).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Regional News/Midwest: Ohio State University alum donates $100 million for medical center expansion, and other news". 
  2. ^ U.S. News & World Report: America's Best Hospitals 2010-11, accessed July 15, 2010.
  3. ^ U.S. News & World Report: America's Best Hospitals 2009-10, accessed September 11, 2009.
  4. ^ a b Encarnacion, Pyle (10 February 2012). "Ohio State adds Wexner's name to medical center". Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  5. ^ U.S. News & World Report: America's Best Hospitals 2009-10, accessed September 11, 2009.
  6. ^ OSU Medical Firsts, Retrieved 26 july 2009.
  7. ^ James Line, First Discoveries, Retrieved 26 July 2009.
  8. ^ NCI Cancer, microRNA breakthrough, Retrieved 26 July 2009.
  9. ^ "Scientists observe enzyme copying DNA", UPI, Retrieved 19 nov 2009.
  10. ^ Scientists Move Cells with Joystick, Live Science, Retrieved 18 September 2009.
  11. ^ "Doctors At Ohio State University Were The First To Transmit A Surgery Live Using Google Glass". Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "The James Performs First Robotic Thyroidectomy In Central Ohio", Media Newswire. 7 july 2010. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
  13. ^ OSU Medical center, Pioneering Surgery, Retrieved August 29, 2009.
  14. ^ Ohio State officials OK $1 billion expansion, Modern Healthcare, Retrieved 18 September 2009.
  15. ^ [1], Biz Journals, Retrieved 21 June 2011.

External links[edit]