The Ohrid Framework Agreement was the peace deal signed by the government of the Republic of Macedonia and ethnic Albanian representatives on August 13, 2001. The agreement ended the armed conflict between the National Liberation Army and the Macedonian security forces and set the groundwork for improving the rights of ethnic Albanians.
The Agreement also included provisions for altering the official languages of the country, with any language spoken by over 20% of the population becoming co-official with the Macedonian language on municipal level. Currently only Albanian with an approximate 25% of the population fulfils this criterion. According to the document, the version in English language is the only authentic version of the Ohrid Framework Agreement.
The Agreement was preceded by the Ohrid discussions, a series of talks between Albanian and Macedonian representatives, along with representatives from the United States and European Union. The talks took place in Ohrid in the south-west of Macedonia.
The agreement was negotiated by Zoran Jolevski, Secretary General of President Boris Trajkovski. The Macedonian side was represented by the VMRO-DPMNE and the SDSM, while the Albanian side was represented by the DPA and the PDP. Although actively participating in armed conflict, the National Liberation Army did not participate directly in the talks.
Signatories of the Ohrid Agreement
- Boris Trajkovski – 2nd President of the Republic of Macedonia
- Ljubco Georgievski – 3rd Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia
- Branko Crvenkovski – 3rd President of the Republic of Macedonia, that time leader of SDSM
- Arbën Xhaferri – Leader of DPA
- Ymer Ymeri – Leader of PDP
- François Léotard – European Union Mediator
- James W. Pardew – United States Mediator
- Brunnbauer, Ulf (2002). "The implementation of the Ohrid Agreement: Ethnic Macedonian resentments" (PDF). Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe (1/2002). Retrieved 2008-12-28.
- The Ohrid Framework Agreement Negotiations by Vasko Popetrevski and Veton Latifi (as a PDF)
- Ohrid Framework Agreement Text in English
- Ohrid Framework Agreement Text in Macedonian
- Ohrid Framework Agreement Text in Albanian
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