Oiapoque

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Oiapoque
Municipality
Município de Oiapoque
A street in Oiapoque.
A street in Oiapoque.
Location of Oiapoque in the State of Amapá
Location of Oiapoque in the State of Amapá
Location of Oiapoque
Coordinates: 03°50′34″N 51°50′06″W / 3.84278°N 51.83500°W / 3.84278; -51.83500Coordinates: 03°50′34″N 51°50′06″W / 3.84278°N 51.83500°W / 3.84278; -51.83500
Country  Brazil
Region North
State Bandeira do Amapá.svg Amapá
Founded 1945
Area
 • Total 22,625 km2 (8,736 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 20,226
 • Density 0.85/km2 (2.2/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
HDI (2000) 0.738 – medium[2]
Website oiapoque.com.br

Oiapoque (Oyapock) is a municipality in the north of the state of Amapá, Brazil. Its population is 20,226 and its area is 22,625 km². Oiapoque is also a major river in the same state, forming the international border with French Guiana. The Oyapock River Bridge, connecting the village with Saint-Georges in French Guiana was recently built.

Lying on the northern coast of Brazil, Oiapoque is popularly considered the northernmost point of Brazil, but there are more northerly points in Roraima state such as the municipality of Uiramutã. However, it is still the northernmost coastal city of Brazil, and the northernmost city of Amapá. It occupies more than half of the north border of the state.

The Oiapoque River is said to have been found by Vicente Yáñez Pinzón in the first years of the 16th century. It has been called Japoc, Yapoc, Iapoco, and even Vicente Pinzón River. The name Oiapoque was officially used from 1900, when a territorial dispute between Brazil and France was resolved through Swiss diplomatic arbitration.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the village of Oiapoque hosted a political and criminal concentration camp called Clevelândia. Many Brazilian anarchist militants were sentenced to hard labour here.[citation needed](See Anarchism in Brazil.)

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Oiapoque
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(85)
28
(83)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(85)
30
(86)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(92)
33
(91)
31
(87)
30.7
(87.3)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(71)
22
(71)
21
(70)
21
(69)
21
(69)
20
(68)
19
(66)
19
(67)
21
(69)
20.8
(69.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 373
(14.7)
330
(13)
280
(11)
574
(22.6)
513
(20.2)
330
(13)
218
(8.6)
99
(3.9)
56
(2.2)
10
(0.4)
122
(4.8)
241
(9.5)
3,146
(123.9)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]