Ojibways of the Pic River First Nation
Ojibways of the Pic River First Nation (or "Pic River" for short) is an Ojibwa (Anishinaabe) First Nations band government on the north shore of Lake Superior at the mouth of the Pic River. Pic River is not a signatory to the Robinson Superior treaty; however, they did petition, starting in 1879, for a reserve and the request was subsequently granted. The community is located on the 316.6-hectare (782-acre) Pic River 50 Indian reserve. In November 2007, their total registered population was 964 people, of which their on-reserve population was 480.
The mouth of the Pic River has been a center of native trade and settlement for thousands of years. It was a strategic location in the region's water transportation network because it offered access to northern lands and a canoe route to James Bay. The halfway point for canoers travelling the north shore of Lake Superior, "the Pic" first appeared on European maps in the mid-seventeenth century.
Local First Nations peoples traded furs with the French as early as the 1770s. A French fur trader set up a permanent post around 1792. The Hudson's Bay Company set up a permanent post in 1821 until encroaching settlement let to its relocation in 1888. In 1914, their Pic River 50 became a treaty-established reserve.
Pic River hosts an annual pow wow in mid July. The First Nation is active in economic and workforce development, with interests in run-of-the-river hydroelectric generating plants on the Kagiano River and Black River (Wawatay Generating Station).
The current electoral leadership of the council consists of Chief Duncan Michano and 10 councillors. Their two-year term began on October 1, 2014.
- "Wawatay Generating Station". Regional Power. 2011. Retrieved 2014-07-23.
- AANDC profile
- Ojibways of the Pic River First Nation's webpage
- Ontario Plaques - The Pic Fur Trading Post (Thunder Bay No. 41)
- Ontario Highway 11 Homepage - Pic River First Nation (off of Highway 17)
- FirstNation.ca profile