|• Governor||Ryuta Ibaragi|
|• Total||7,112.32 km2 (2,746.08 sq mi)|
|Population (January 1, 2012)|
|• Density||270/km2 (710/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-33|
|Flower||Peach blossom (Prunus persica var. vulgaris)|
|Tree||Red pine (Pinus densiflora)|
|Bird||Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Universities in Okayama Prefecture
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Culture
- 6 Sports
- 7 Tourism
- 8 Notable people from Okayama Prefecture
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitchū, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces. Okayama Prefecture was formed and named in 1871 as part of the large-scale administrative reforms of the early Meiji period (1868 – 1912), and the borders of the prefecture were set in 1876.
Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki. Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small villages in the northern mountain region are aging and declining in population - more than half of the prefectures municipalities are officially designated as depopulated.
As of 1 April 2014, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Setonaikai National Parks; the Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.
Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
Universities in Okayama Prefecture
- JR West
- JR West and JR Shikoku
- Chizu Express
- Ihara Railway
- Mizushima Rinkai Railway
- Sanyo Expressway
- Chugoku Expressway
- Seto Central Expressway
- Yonago Expressway
- Okayama Expressway
- Tottori Expressway
- Route 2 (Osaka-Kobe-Himeji-Bizen-Okayama-Kurashiki-Asakuchi-Onomichi-Hiroshima-Shunan-Shimonoseki-Kitakyushu)
- Route 30 (Okayama-Uno-Takamatsu
- Route 53 (Okayama-Tsuyama-Tottori)
- Route 179
- Route 180 (Okayama-Takahashi-Niimi)
- Route 181 (Tsuyama-Maniwa-Yonago-Yasugi-Matsue)
- Route 182
- Route 183
- Route 250 (Okayama-Setouchi-Ako-Aioi-Takasago-Akashi)
- Route 313 (Fukuyama-Takahashi-Maniwa-Kurayoshi)
- Route 373
- Route 374
- Route 429
- Route 430
- Route 482 (Kyotango-Toyooka-Wakasa-Kagamino-Maniwa-Kofu of Tottori
- Route 484
- Bizen-yaki (Bizen pottery)
- Bizen Osafune/Bitchu Aoe swords
Association with Momotarō legend
Okayama Prefecture is closely associated with the folklore hero, Momotarō. This tale is said to have roots in the legendary story of Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto and Ura which explains that the Prince Ura of Kudara used to live in Kinojo (castle of the devil) and was a cause of trouble for the people living in the village. The emperor's government sent Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto(Momotarō) to defeat Ura. The city of Okayama holds an annual Momotarō-matsuri, or Momotarō Festival.
The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama.
Some tourist attractions are:
- Koraku-en Japanese garden in Okayama
- Okayama Castle, Okayama
- Ki Castle, Sōja
- Shizutani School, Bizen
- Bikan Historical Area (倉敷美観地区 Kurashiki Bikan Chiku?), Kurashiki
- Bitchu Matsuyama Castle, Takahashi
- Kakuzan Park, Tsuyama
- Bisei Astronomical Observatory (美星天文台 Bisei Tenmondai?), Ibara Town (following dissolution of Bisei Town)
- Maki-do Cave, in Niimi
Notable people from Okayama Prefecture
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2012)|
- Shin Koyamada, Hollywood actor
- Yuko Arimori, marathon runner
- Tesshō Genda, voice actor
- Ryutaro Hashimoto, Kiichiro Hiranuma, Inukai Tsuyoshi, Kan Naoto and Hatoyama Yukio former Prime Ministers of Japan
- Sen'ichi Hoshino, baseball manager
- Koshi Inaba, singer
- Ichiyo Izawa, pianist and former member of Tokyo Jihen
- Yoshio Nishina, known as the Father of Physics in Japan
- Yumeji Takehisa, famous and influential early 20th century artist
- Sesshu Toyo, suiboku master
- Joichiro Tatsuyoshi, boxer
- Haruka Fukushima, manga artist
- Masashi Kishimoto, manga artist and creator of Naruto
- Seishi Kishimoto, manga artist
- Daisuke Takahashi, Olympic figure skater
- Dorlis, jazz musician
- Miyamoto Musashi, samurai
- Megumi Fujii, MMA Fighter
- Masaki Kajishima, creator of Tenchi Muyo!
- Morihiro Hashimoto, darts player
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okayama-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127, p. 127, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Okayama" at p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books.
- "Okayama Prefecture". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
- "岡山（県）" [Okayama Prefecture]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
- Okayama official website accessed Nov. 2007
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
- "Okayama History". Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- "Shin Koyamada's IMDB Biography".
- "Yuko Arimori's profile".
- "Masashi Kishimoto's Biography on TV.com".
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
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