Okayama Prefecture

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Okayama Prefecture
岡山県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 岡山県
 • Rōmaji Okayama-ken
Official logo of Okayama Prefecture
Symbol of Okayama Prefecture
Location of Okayama Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Chūgoku (Sanyō)
Island Honshu
Capital Okayama
Government
 • Governor Ryuta Ibaragi
Area
 • Total 7,112.32 km2 (2,746.08 sq mi)
Area rank 15th
Population (January 1, 2012)
 • Total 1,940,411
 • Rank 21st
 • Density 270/km2 (710/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-33
Districts 10
Municipalities 27
Flower Peach blossom (Prunus persica var. vulgaris)
Tree Red pine (Pinus densiflora)
Bird Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
Website www.pref.okayama.jp

Okayama Prefecture (岡山県 Okayama-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on the main island of Honshu.[1] The capital is the city of Okayama.[2][3][4]

History[edit]

Prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between Bitchū, Bizen and Mimasaka Provinces. Okayama Prefecture was formed and named in 1871 as part of the large-scale administrative reforms of the early Meiji period (1868 – 1912), and the borders of the prefecture were set in 1876.[3][5]

Geography[edit]

Map of Okayama Prefecture

Okayama Prefecture borders Hyōgo Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture, and Hiroshima Prefecture.[3] It faces Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea and includes 90 islands in the sea.

Okayama Prefecture is home to the historic town of Kurashiki. Most of the population is concentrated around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small villages in the northern mountain region are aging and declining in population - more than half of the prefectures municipalities are officially designated as depopulated.[6]

Cities[edit]

Fifteen cities are located in Okayama Prefecture:

Okayama City
Tsuyama
Takahashi
Niimi

Towns and villages[edit]

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers[edit]

Universities in Okayama Prefecture[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Tramways[edit]

Roads[edit]

Expressways[edit]

National highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

Culture[edit]

  • Bizen-yaki (Bizen pottery)
  • Bizen Osafune/Bitchu Aoe swords

Association with Momotarō legend[edit]

Okayama Prefecture is closely associated with the folklore hero, Momotarō. This tale is said to have roots in the legendary story of Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto and Ura which explains that the Prince Ura of Kudara used to live in Kinojo (castle of the devil) and was a cause of trouble for the people living in the village. The emperor's government sent Kibitsuhiko-no-mikoto(Momotarō) to defeat Ura. The city of Okayama holds an annual Momotarō-matsuri, or Momotarō Festival.[4][7]

Sports[edit]

The sports teams listed below are based in Okayama.

Football (soccer)[edit]

Volleyball[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Okayama Korakuen Park and Okayama Castle
Hiruzen Plateau and Hiruzen Joyful Park in Maniwa
Hinase Island and Seto Inlandsea in Bizen

Some tourist attractions are:

Notable people from Okayama Prefecture[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okayama-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127, p. 127, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Okayama" at p. 745, p. 745, at Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c "Okayama Prefecture". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  4. ^ a b "岡山(県)" [Okayama Prefecture]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Okayama official website accessed Nov. 2007
  7. ^ "Okayama History". Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  8. ^ "Shin Koyamada's IMDB Biography". 
  9. ^ "Yuko Arimori's profile". 
  10. ^ "Masashi Kishimoto's Biography on TV.com". 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°42′N 133°51′E / 34.700°N 133.850°E / 34.700; 133.850