Tshumelo Ikatelaho

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Tshumelo Ikatelaho
General Service Medal
SANW Tshumelo Ikatelaho.jpg
Awarded by the President
Country  South Africa
Type Military campaign medal
Eligibility All ranks
Awarded for Participation in military campaigns or operations
Status Current
Clasps Humanitarian Aid
Peace Support
Statistics
Established 27 April 2003
Precedence
Next (higher) African National Congress Flag.svg Yellow star on green.png South Africa Service Medal [1]
Next (lower) Flag of the United Kingdom (2-3).svg Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal [1]
TIlint.gif
Ribbon bar

The Tshumelo Ikatelaho - General Service Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of South Africa on 16 April 2003 and came into effect on 27 April 2003. It was awarded to all ranks who have participated in military campaigns or operations which, while not warranting the institution of particular campaign medals, still justify the award of a medal for general service.[2][3]

The South African military[edit]

The Union Defence Forces (UDF) were established in 1912 and renamed the South African Defence Force (SADF) in 1958. On 27 April 1994 it was integrated with six other independent forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[3][4]

The Fount of Honour for all South African military decorations and medals is the President of South Africa.[5]

Award criteria[edit]

The Tshumelo Ikatelaho - General Service Medal was instituted by the President on 16 April 2003 and came into effect on 27 April 2003. The bilingual title of the medal is in isiNdebele and English. It is awarded to all ranks of the South African National Defence Force, and of any Auxiliary Service of the South African National Defence Force, and of any Armed Forces attached to or serving with or rendering any service to the South African National Defence Force who, for one day or more, have participated directly in or in support of military campaigns or operations, belligerent or otherwise, in accordance with the provisions of the Defence Act, which operations in themselves may not warrant the institution of particular campaign medals but which are nevertheless judged to be of sufficient significance to justify the award of a medal for general service.[2][6]

The medal may be awarded posthumously. A member who is injured, killed or dies before completing the required period of duty is deemed to have rendered the qualifying service for award of the medal or a clasp. The period of qualifying service for official visits or inspections in connection with an operation is a minimum of 34 days, which may be continuous or interrupted.[2]

Guidelines consisting of appropriate phrases that may be useful when writing a citation for the award of the Tshumelo Ikatelaho - General Service Medal have been published by the South African Defence Department.[6]

Order of precedence[edit]

The position of the Tshumelo Ikatelaho - General Service Medal in the official military and national orders of precedence is as follows:[1]

Official military order of precedence
Official national order of precedence

Clasps[edit]

Tshumelo Ikatelaho Humanitarian Aid clasp.jpg
Tshumelo Ikatelaho Peace Support clasp.jpg

Clasps may be awarded to indicate a particular campaign or operation for which the medal has been conferred. To date two clasps have been instituted, inscribed "HUMANITARIAN AID" and "PEACE SUPPORT".[2][3][7]

Mentioned in Dispatches - Okhankanyiweyo[edit]

Okhankanyiweyo

The Mentioned in Dispatches - Okhankanyiweyo emblem was instituted by the President on 16 April 2003 and came into effect on 27 April 2003. The bilingual title of the honour is in English and isiNdebele. Members of all ranks whose names have been mentioned in dispatches to the President for having distinguished themselves in the execution of duty for actions of bravery or meritorious conduct, leadership, service or devotion to duty which may not warrant the award of a particular decoration or medal, are awarded a miniature emblem in the form of the Coat of Arms of the Republic of South Africa.[3][8][9]

The Mentioned in Dispatches - Okhankanyiweyo emblem is worn above any campaign clasp on the ribbon of the relevant campaign medal, or on the ribbon of the Tshumelo Ikatelaho - General Service Medal or, if the recipient has no such medal, in the position of a single ribbon on a ribbon bar after all other honours worn by the recipient.[3][8]

Description[edit]

Obverse

The Tshumelo Ikatelaho - General Service Medal is an octagonal medal struck in bronze, 38 millimetres in diameter, with a faceted nine-pointed star charged within a laurel wreath.[2][3] The star represents the nine Provinces of the Republic of South Africa.[6]

Reverse

The reverse bears, in relief, the Coat of Arms of the Republic of South Africa. The medal is attached to a plain nickel-silver suspender fixed to the upper rim of the medal. The medal number is stamped below the Coat of Arms.[2]

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide, with a 5 millimetres wide national flag blue band, a 2 millimetres wide white band, a 6 millimetres wide national flag red band, a 1½ millimetres wide gold band, repeated in reverse order and separated by a 3 millimetres wide black band in the centre.[2]

Clasps

Clasps are 33 millimetres in length and 5 millimetres wide, struck in bronze and embossed with a name, date, description or device to indicate a particular campaign or operation.[2]

Mentioned in Dispatches - Okhankanyiweyo
Mentioned in dispatches

The Mentioned in Dispatches - Okhankanyiweyo emblem is in the form of the Coat of Arms of the Republic of South Africa, struck in bronze and 16 millimetres in height. When only a ribbon bar is worn, a miniature emblem, 10 millimetres in height, is affixed in the centre of the ribbon bar. When the emblem is worn with miniature medals, the same miniature emblem is worn above any campaign clasp.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Warrant by the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of the "TSHUMELO IKATELAHO - GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL" for the South African National Defence Force, Gazette no. 25213 dated 25 July 2003.
  3. ^ a b c d e f South African Medals Website - SA National Defence Force : 2003-
  4. ^ South African Medals Website - SA Defence Force : 1952-1975
  5. ^ a b c Tshumelo Ikatelaho (Campaign Medal)
  6. ^ Tshumelo Ikatelaho - General Service Medal and Clasps on Auction
  7. ^ a b c Warrant by the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Revision of the Practice of Mentioning Members of the South African National Defence Force in Despatches - Okhankanyiweyo, Gazette no. 25213 dated 25 July 2003.
  8. ^ Okhankanyiweho (Mention in Dispatches)