Oklahoma's 2nd congressional district
|Oklahoma's 2nd congressional district|
|Current Representative||Markwayne Mullin (R–Westville)|
|Distribution||35.51% urban, 64.49% rural|
|Ethnicity||71.1% White, 4.1% Black, 0.3% Asian, 2.4% Hispanic, 17.1% Native American, 0.6% other|
Oklahoma's Second Congressional District is one of five United States Congressional districts in Oklahoma and covers approximately one-fourth of the state in the east. The district borders Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Texas and includes (in whole or in part) a total of 24 counties.
Historically, the district has supported conservative Democrats, and was reckoned as a classic Yellow Dog Democrat district. However, the district has become increasingly Republican since the start of the 21st century; in the last two elections the Republican presidential candidate has carried it by the largest margin in the state. Urban voters represent a third of the district.
The district is represented by Republican Markwayne Mullin, only the second Republican to hold the seat since 1921.
The district borders Kansas to the north, Missouri and Arkansas to the east, and Texas (along the Red River) to the south. The district includes the remainder of Rogers County (including the county seat of Claremore) that is not taken by District 1, and then, also, all of the following counties: Adair, Nowata, Craig, Ottawa, Mayes, Delaware, Cherokee, Okmulgee, Muskogee, Sequoyah, Okfuskee, McIntosh, Haskell, LeFlore, Hughes, Pittsburg, Latimer, Coal, Atoka, Pushmataha, McCurtain, Choctaw, Bryan, and Johnston.
The northern half of the district includes most of the area of Oklahoma referred to as Green Country, while the southern half of the district includes a part of Oklahoma often referred to as Little Dixie.
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the district is 35.51 percent urban, 23.95 percent non-white, and has a population that is 2.40 percent Latino and 1.36 percent foreign-born. The district has a higher percentage of Native Americans than any other congressional district in Oklahoma. Its representative, Markwayne Mullin, is one of two Native Americans currently serving in Congress.
Recent election results
|2000||Bush 53% - 47%|
|2004||Bush 59% - 41%|
|2008||McCain 66% - 34%|
U.S. Representative, 2004
Source: 2004 Election Results, via OK.gov
U.S. Representative, 2006
|Patrick K. Miller||Republican||45,861||27.26%|
Source: 2006 Election Results, via OK.gov
U.S. Representative, 2008
Source: 2008 Election Results, via OK.gov
U.S. Representative, 2010
Source: 2006 Election Results, via OK.gov
The district heavily favored conservative Democratic candidates, with only three Republicans taking the district. The district shifted Republican most notably in electing Tom Coburn, who vacated the seat due to a self-imposed term limit pledge (He was elected to the United States Senate 4 years later). It has since been held by Brad Carson and Dan Boren. In 2012 the 2nd has again elected a Republican to the House and current Rep is Markwayne Mullin and a Pentecostal.
The district's Democratic leanings stem partly from historic migration patterns into the state. The Little Dixie region of the district imported the people and culture of southern states such as Mississippi after Reconstruction. Voter registration in Little Dixie runs as high as 90 percent Democratic.
Historically this is where Democratic presidential candidates perform best in the state. Bill Clinton easily carried the district in 1992 and 1996. However, the district has favored Republican presidential candidates recently. George W. Bush received 59 percent of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain received 66 percent of the vote in this district in 2008.
Muskogee has produced six representatives, more than any other city in the district. Tahlequah has produced three reprentatives, the second most of any city in the district.
List of representatives
|Elmer L. Fulton||Democratic||November 16, 1907 –
March 4, 1909
|Dick T. Morgan||Republican||March 4, 1909 –
March 4, 1915
|William W. Hastings||Democratic||March 4, 1915 –
March 4, 1921
|Alice Robertson||Republican||March 4, 1921 –
March 4, 1923
|William W. Hastings||Democratic||March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1935
|John C. Nichols||Democratic||January 3, 1935 –
July 3, 1943
|Vacant||July 3, 1943 –
March 28, 1944
|William G. Stigler||Democratic||March 28, 1944 –
August 21, 1952
|Vacant||August 21, 1952 –
January 3, 1953
|Ed Edmondson||Democratic||January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1973
|Clem McSpadden||Democratic||January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
|Theodore M. Risenhoover||Democratic||January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1979
|Mike Synar||Democratic||January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1995
|Tom Coburn||Republican||January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
|Retired to practice medicine. Later elected to the U.S. Senate, defeating his successor as 2nd district Congressman Brad Carson.|
|Brad Carson||Democratic||January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2005
|Retired to run for the U.S. Senate, losing to his predecessor Tom Coburn.|
|Dan Boren||Democratic||January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2013
|Markwayne Mullin||Republican||January 3, 2013 –
Historical district boundaries
- "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- Oklahoma's 2nd District (accessed May 24, 2010).
- Representative Dan Boren: District Demographics, That's My Congress (accessed May 11, 2010).
- Gaddie, Ronald Keith, "Democratic Party," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 24, 2010).
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present