Oklahoma's 2nd congressional district

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Oklahoma's 2nd congressional district
Current Representative Markwayne Mullin (RWestville)
Distribution 35.51% urban, 64.49% rural
Population (2000) 690,131
Median income $27,885
Ethnicity 71.1% White, 4.1% Black, 0.3% Asian, 2.4% Hispanic, 17.1% Native American, 0.6% other
Cook PVI R+14[1]

Oklahoma's Second Congressional District is one of five United States Congressional districts in Oklahoma and covers approximately one-fourth of the state in the east. The district borders Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Texas and includes (in whole or in part) a total of 24 counties.[2]

Historically, the district has supported conservative Democrats, and was reckoned as a classic Yellow Dog Democrat district. However, the district has become increasingly Republican since the start of the 21st century; in the last two elections the Republican presidential candidate has carried it by the largest margin in the state. Urban voters represent a third of the district.[3]

The district is represented by Republican Markwayne Mullin, only the second Republican to hold the seat since 1921.

The district from 2003 to 2013

Geography[edit]

The district borders Kansas to the north, Missouri and Arkansas to the east, and Texas (along the Red River) to the south. The district includes the remainder of Rogers County (including the county seat of Claremore) that is not taken by District 1, and then, also, all of the following counties: Adair, Nowata, Craig, Ottawa, Mayes, Delaware, Cherokee, Okmulgee, Muskogee, Sequoyah, Okfuskee, McIntosh, Haskell, LeFlore, Hughes, Pittsburg, Latimer, Coal, Atoka, Pushmataha, McCurtain, Choctaw, Bryan, and Johnston.[2]

Some of the principal cities in the district include Miami, Claremore, Muskogee, Tahlequah, Okmulgee, McAlester, and Durant.

The northern half of the district includes most of the area of Oklahoma referred to as Green Country, while the southern half of the district includes a part of Oklahoma often referred to as Little Dixie.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the district is 35.51 percent urban, 23.95 percent non-white, and has a population that is 2.40 percent Latino and 1.36 percent foreign-born.[3] The district has a higher percentage of Native Americans than any other congressional district in Oklahoma.[citation needed] Its representative, Markwayne Mullin, is one of two Native Americans currently serving in Congress.[4]

Recent election results[edit]

Presidential races

Year Results
2000 Bush 53% - 47%
2004 Bush 59% - 41%
2008 McCain 66% - 34%

U.S. Representative, 2004[edit]

Candidates Party Votes  %
  Dan Boren Democratic 179,579 65.89%
  Wayland Smalley Republican 92,963 34.11%

Source: 2004 Election Results, via OK.gov

U.S. Representative, 2006[edit]

Candidates Party Votes  %
  Dan Boren Democratic 122,347 72.74%
  Patrick K. Miller Republican 45,861 27.26%

Source: 2006 Election Results, via OK.gov

U.S. Representative, 2008[edit]

Candidates Party Votes  %
  Dan Boren Democratic 173,757 70.47%
  Raymond Wickson Republican 72,815 29.53%

Source: 2008 Election Results, via OK.gov

U.S. Representative, 2010[edit]

Candidates Party Votes  %
  Dan Boren Democratic 108,203 56.52%
  Charles Thompson Republican 83,266 43.48%

Source: 2006 Election Results, via OK.gov

Politics[edit]

The district heavily favored conservative Democratic candidates, with only three Republicans taking the district. The district shifted Republican most notably in electing Tom Coburn, who vacated the seat due to a self-imposed term limit pledge (He was elected to the United States Senate 4 years later). It has since been held by Brad Carson and Dan Boren. In 2012 the 2nd has again elected a Republican to the House and current Rep is Markwayne Mullin and a Pentecostal.

The district's Democratic leanings stem partly from historic migration patterns into the state. The Little Dixie region of the district imported the people and culture of southern states such as Mississippi after Reconstruction.[5] Voter registration in Little Dixie runs as high as 90 percent Democratic.[5]

Historically this is where Democratic presidential candidates perform best in the state. Bill Clinton easily carried the district in 1992 and 1996. However, the district has favored Republican presidential candidates recently. George W. Bush received 59 percent of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain received 66 percent of the vote in this district in 2008.

Muskogee has produced six representatives, more than any other city in the district. Tahlequah has produced three reprentatives, the second most of any city in the district.

List of representatives[edit]

Name Party Years Electoral history
No image.svg Elmer L. Fulton Democratic November 16, 1907 –
March 4, 1909
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
DickTMorgan.jpg Dick T. Morgan Republican March 4, 1909 –
March 4, 1915
No image.svg William W. Hastings Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 4, 1921
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
A.M. Robertson.jpg Alice Robertson Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 4, 1923
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg William W. Hastings Democratic March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1935
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John C. Nichols Democratic January 3, 1935 –
July 3, 1943
Resigned
Vacant July 3, 1943 –
March 28, 1944
No image.svg William G. Stigler Democratic March 28, 1944 –
August 21, 1952
Died
Vacant August 21, 1952 –
January 3, 1953
Ed Edmondson.jpg Ed Edmondson Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1973
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Clem McSpadden.jpg Clem McSpadden Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Theodore Marshall Risenhoover.jpg Theodore M. Risenhoover Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1979
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Synar1.jpg Mike Synar Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1995
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Tom Coburn official portrait 112th Congress.jpg Tom Coburn Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
Retired to practice medicine. Later elected to the U.S. Senate, defeating his successor as 2nd district Congressman Brad Carson.
BradCarson OfficialPortrait.jpg Brad Carson Democratic January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2005
Retired to run for the U.S. Senate, losing to his predecessor Tom Coburn.
Danboren.jpeg Dan Boren Democratic January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2013
Retired
Markwayne Mullin, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Markwayne Mullin Republican January 3, 2013 –
Present
Incumbent

References[edit]

Coordinates: 35°00′N 95°42′W / 35.0°N 95.7°W / 35.0; -95.7