Oklahoma Republican Party

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Oklahoma Republican Party
Chairperson David Weston
Senate Leader Brian Bingman
(Sapulpa)
House Leader T.W. Shannon
(Lawton)
Founded 1907
Headquarters Dewey F. Barlett Center
4031 N. Lincoln Blvd
Oklahoma City, OK 73105
Ideology Conservatism
Fiscal conservatism
Social conservatism
Unofficial colors Red
Political position Center-right
Seats in the US Senate
2 / 2
Seats in the US House
5 / 5
Oklahoma statewide offices held
11 / 11
Seats in the OK Senate
36 / 48
Seats in the OK House
72 / 101
Website
Oklahoma Republican Party
Politics of Oklahoma
Elections

The Oklahoma Republican Party is a political party affiliated with the United States Republican Party (GOP). Along with the Oklahoma Democratic Party, it is one of the two major parties in Oklahoma politics.

As of the November 2012 elections, Republicans have a two-thirds majority in both the Oklahoma Senate and Oklahoma House of Representatives, hold all statewide offices and all Congressional seats. As of January 15, 2013, there are 897,663 registered Republican voters in Oklahoma, compared to 962,072 Democratic voters and 256,450 voters registered as independent.[1]

The current chair of the state party is David Weston.

Current structure and composition[edit]

The Oklahoma Republican Party headquarters is located on North Lincoln Boulevard in Oklahoma City.[2] Additionally, the state party has a Tulsa office on East 51st Street.[2] They host the biennial state conventions in odd-numbered years, in which they elect executive officers and delegates to the Republican National Committee. David Weston is the current chair of the party. Sara Odom is the current vice chair.[2]

The state party coordinates campaign activities with Republican candidates and county parties and receives some funding from the national GOP organizations.

History[edit]

Territorial period through 1930s[edit]

The Oklahoma Republican Party takes its roots from the territorial period, gaining a larger portion of its support from the Northwestern part of the state, where migrants from the state of Kansas brought with them Republican political leanings of the time.[3] For most of Oklahoma history, the Oklahoma Republican Party has the fewest members in the old Indian Territory or the area located in the Southeast.[3]

Republicans held the American presidency during most of the territorial period, resulting in the appointments of Republican territorial governors. Despite the dominance of Republicans as governor and delegate, the two main parties had almost reached parity in the territorial legislature by statehood.[4]

The Republican at the time of statehood in 1907 was not the party of most Oklahomans, but was the party of most African-Americans. Republican A. C. Hamlin was Oklahoma's first black legislator, serving in the first legislature of the new state.[5]

Republicans experienced a short-lived resurgence in the early 1920s, with the election of John W. Harreld in 1920 as the first Republican United States senator for the state of Oklahoma. During this time the Republican Party had gained a majority of the state's seats in United States Congress, attaining five of the nine seats available. The Oklahoma House of Representatives saw their first Republican majority and first Republican Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives from 1921 to 1923.[6] The first female member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives was a Republican.[7]

In the 1928 election, Republicans gained 26 new seats in the Oklahoma House of Representatives due in part to the low popularity of the time of presidential candidate Al Smith and the incumbent governor's stumping on his behalf.[8] With a total of forty-seven seats, they were only five seats from having a majority.[8] With thirteen Democratic members, they elected a coalition Democratic Speaker over the incumbent speaker.[8]

But it was the 1930s or The Great Depression that would prove to be the most troublesome for Republicans in Oklahoma. It was during this time that Republican voters had shifted their support to the revitalized Democratic Party.[3]

Late 20th century[edit]

Henry Bellmon

Beginning in the 1960s, the Oklahoma Republican party made gains in voter registration and state legislative seats.[9] Henry Bellmon won election as Oklahoma's first Republican governor in 1964, by appealing to Democratic voters and as an anti-corruption candidate.[10] Only 18 percent of Oklahomans were registered as Republicans at the time.[9]

Bellmon's term helped increase the image of Republicans in Oklahoma. Under his administration, total highway projects increased 46 percent over the previous administration and the first retirement system for state employees was created.[10] Bellmon also oversaw the racial integration of Oklahoma schools and the court-ordered reapportionment of the state electoral districts.

Bellmon won election to the United States Senate in 1968.[10] Republican Don Nickles succeeded Bellmon in 1978.

In 1990, black Republican J.C. Watts was elected as Oklahoma's first black statewide officeholder, serving on the Oklahoma Corporation Commission,[11] serving as a member of the commission from 1990 to 1995 and as chairman from 1993 to 1995.

21st century[edit]

After the 2004 Presidential Election, Republicans gained control of the Oklahoma House of Representatives for the first time since 1921.[12]

In 2010, Republicans increased their gains in the Oklahoma House of Representatives and took majority control of the Oklahoma Senate.[13] Furthermore, Republicans captured every statewide office.

Notable Oklahoma Republicans[edit]

Don Nickles

Current elected officials[edit]

As of 2012 the Oklahoma Republican Party controls all 12 statewide offices and holds supermajorities in both the Oklahoma Senate and the Oklahoma House of Representatives; Republicans also hold both of the state's U.S. Senate seats and all five of the state's U.S. House seats.

Members of Congress[edit]

U.S. Senate[edit]

Jim Inhofe

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

State Officials[edit]

Mary Fallin official 110th Congress

Statewide offices[edit]

Legislative leadership[edit]

City officials[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2013 Registration Report, Oklahoma State Election Board (accessed May 12, 2013)
  2. ^ a b c Oklahoma Republican Party (accessed May 11, 2013).
  3. ^ a b c Gaddie, Ronald. REPUBLICAN PARTY, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society (accessed May 11, 2013)
  4. ^ Brown, Kenny. OKLAHOMA TERRITORY, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture] (accessed May 11, 2013)
  5. ^ Bruce, Mic hael. HAMLIN, ALBERT COMSTOCK (1881-1912), Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 11, 2013)
  6. ^ Hannemann, Carolyn G. SCHWABE, GEORGE BLAINE, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 11, 2013)
  7. ^ Pappas, Christine. MCCOLGIN AMELIA ELIZABETH SIMISON, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 11, 2013)
  8. ^ a b c A Century to Remember (accessed May 11, 2013)
  9. ^ a b Gaddie, Ronald Keith. Democratic Party, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 11, 2013)
  10. ^ a b c Hannemann, Carolyn G. BELLMON, HENRY LOUIS, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 11, 2013)
  11. ^ Verhovek, Sam Howe (1994-10-07). "The 1994 Campaign: The Republicans; More Black Candidates Find Places on Republican Ballots". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-05-11. 
  12. ^ McNutt, Michael. "Republicans select speaker designate" http://newsok.com/republicans-select-speaker-designate/article/2969390, The Oklahoman November 10, 2006.
  13. ^ McNutt, Michael. "Oklahoma's legislative leaders pledge to work with Democrats", The Oklahoman, November 7, 2010.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Oklahoma Republican Partry. "Elected Officials". Retrieved May 11, 2013. 

External links[edit]