Oklahoma State Capitol

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Oklahoma State Capitol
Oklahoma State Capitol.jpg
The Oklahoma State Capitol
Location Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Coordinates 35°29′32.21″N 97°30′12.14″W / 35.4922806°N 97.5033722°W / 35.4922806; -97.5033722Coordinates: 35°29′32.21″N 97°30′12.14″W / 35.4922806°N 97.5033722°W / 35.4922806; -97.5033722
Built 1919
Architect Frankfurt-Short-Bruza
Architectural style Renaissance, Classical Revival
Governing body State of Oklahoma
NRHP Reference # 76001572[1]
Added to NRHP 1976

The Oklahoma State Capitol is the house of government of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. It is the building that houses the Oklahoma Legislature and executive branch offices. It is located along Lincoln Boulevard in Oklahoma City. The present structure includes a dome that was completed in 2002. The building is a National Historic Landmark.

Oklahoma's first state capital was Guthrie, Oklahoma, but was moved to Oklahoma City in 1910. Construction began on the Oklahoma State Capitol in 1914 and was completed in 1917. Originally, it housed the judicial branch of Oklahoma, but the state's high courts moved to the Oklahoma Judicial Center in 2011.

The state capitol complex is the only state capitol grounds in the United States with active oil rigs.

History[edit]

Early capital of Guthrie (1889–1910)[edit]

Oklahoma's territorial capital and first state capital was located in the city of Guthrie.[2] The settlement of the first state capital began at noon on April 22, 1889, when cannons sounded the start of the Oklahoma land run.[3] The town was designated as the territorial capital in 1890.[2]

Entrance to Oklahoma State Capitol (1972 photograph)

Move to Oklahoma City and construction (1910–1917)[edit]

State government officials let voters decide on whether or not to move the capital to Oklahoma City.[4] On June 11, 1910, the state seal was taken from Guthrie and moved south to Oklahoma City, where the Oklahoma State Capitol is located today.[4] Lee Cruce, the second Governor of Oklahoma commissioned the architectural construction of the present day structure.[4] Prior to its construction, state government offices were housed in the Huckins Hotel in downtown Oklahoma City.[4]

Construction on the Oklahoma State Capitol began after a groundbreaking ceremony on July 20, 1914.[5] The building was completed on June 30, 1917.[5]

Expansion and change (1998-present)[edit]

In 1998, state legislators and the governor enacted legislation to create the Oklahoma Centennial Act, which formed the Oklahoma Capitol Complex and Centennial Commemoration Commission.[5] The commission worked to fund a dome for the Oklahoma State Capitol and construction of the dome began in 2001[5] and was completed in 2002.[6] It included a 22-foot-tall bronze sculpture called The Guardian.[5]

In 2006, plans were made to move the judicial branch into the old Oklahoma Historical Society building, as the agency was moving into the Oklahoma History Center.[5] The court offices moved to the new Oklahoma Judicial Center in 2011.[7]

Monument controversy[edit]

In 2009, Oklahoma State Representative Mike Ritze sponsored a bill to have a monument to the Ten Commandments installed at the capital. His family supplied $10,000 to fund the monument, which was installed in 2012.[8] In 2013, the ACLU sued Oklahoma over the placement of this religious monument on public property.[9] Later, the New York-based Satanic Temple, citing the government's constitutional obligation to not endorse any particular religion, announced they would apply to have a privately funded statue honoring Satan on the capitol grounds.[10]

The Ten Commandments monument was destroyed in 2014 by a vandal.[11]

Exterior and Capitol complex[edit]

The back of the Capitol building.

The Oklahoma State Capitol, located at 2300 N Lincoln Blvd, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, is composed primarily of white limestone and Oklahoma pink granite.[12] However, the building's dome is made of steel-reinforced concrete and reinforced plaster casts.[6]

The state capitol complex is famous for its oil wells and remains the only state capitol grounds in the United States with active oil rigs.[13] The capitol building is directly atop the Oklahoma City Oil Field.

The state capitol building and the surrounding government buildings, non-government agencies, museums, libraries, and tree lined streets and boulevards form the Oklahoma State Capitol Complex[14] or Capitol Campus. The complex includes the State Capitol Park, the Oklahoma History Center, the Oklahoma Judicial Center, and the Oklahoma Governor's Mansion. The 14,000-square-foot (1,300 m2) mansion has a limestone exterior to complement the Oklahoma State Capitol's exterior. The surrounding neighborhood is home to numerous restaurants and bars.

The Oklahoma History Center opened in 2005 and is operated by the Oklahoma Historical Society. It preserves the history of Oklahoma from prehistoric Native American tribes to the present day.

Interior[edit]

The west wing of the Capitol houses the Oklahoma House of Representatives chamber and offices. The east wing houses the Oklahoma Senate chamber and offices. The ceremonial office of the governor is located on the second floor. Elected state officials such as the state auditor and inspector, state treasurer, and state attorney general have offices on the first floor. The building also contains a museum, a cafeteria, and a barber shop.

Art[edit]

Chickasaw artist Mike Larsen's mural Flight of Spirit, honoring the Five Moons, notable 20th-century Native American ballerinas from Oklahoma is on display in the Capitol rotunda. Several large paintings by Wayne Cooper are on display in the building. Many of them depict the early heritage and oil history of the state. Seminole artist Enoch Kelly Haney's painting "The Earth and I are One" is on display on the first floor of the building.

The Senate lobby includes a 6 foot by 10 foot oil-on-canvas painting of the "Ceremonial Transfer of the Louisiana Purchase in New Orleans - 1803" by Mike Wimmer. The Senate Lounge displays a watercolor painting entitled "Community of Boling Springs" by Sonya Terpening.[15]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External video
Oklahoma State Capitol - Dome (2522081817).jpg
Oklahoma Capitol Building (15:23), C-SPAN[16]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oklahoma County," National Register of Historic Places
  2. ^ a b Wilson, Linda D. Guthrie, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 15, 2013)
  3. ^ Hoig, Stan. Land Run of 1889, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 15, 2013)
  4. ^ a b c d "History of Guthrie," Guthrie Oklahoma Chamber of Commerce (accessed May 3, 2010)
  5. ^ a b c d e f Oklahoma Capitol, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 15, 2013)
  6. ^ a b "Introduction," Oklahoma State Capitol Dome (accessed May 3, 2010)
  7. ^ Hoberock, Barbara. Oklahoma high courts move out of Capitol into Judicial Center, Tulsa World, July 31, 2011 (accessed May 15, 2013)
  8. ^ http://newsok.com/ten-commandments-monument-is-installed-at-oklahoma-state-capitol/article/3728824
  9. ^ https://www.aclu.org/religion-belief/aclu-challenges-oklahoma-state-capitol-ten-commandments-monument
  10. ^ http://religion.blogs.cnn.com/2013/12/09/satanists-we-want-a-monument-in-oklahoma/
  11. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2807187/Oklahoma-man-29-drove-car-Ten-Commandments-monument-smashing-pieces-Satan-told-it.html
  12. ^ Architecture, Art of the Oklahoma State Capitol (accessed May 3, 2010).
  13. ^ "State Capitol," Oklahoma County Website (accessed May 3, 2010)
  14. ^ Oklahoma State Capitol Complex, Oklahoma Department of Transportation (accessed May 3, 2010)
  15. ^ Senate Artwork, Oklahoma Senate (accessed May 18, 2013)
  16. ^ "Oklahoma Capitol Building". C-SPAN. April 12, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2013.