Okra seed oil
Okra, also known as Lady's fingers, bhindi, or bhendi is a flowering plant originally planted in India and many English speaking countries. Okra belongs to Malvaceae family, its botanical name is Abelmoschus esculentus, and its synonms is Hibiscus esculentus L.Okra, also known as lady's fingers, is a flowering plant prized for its seed pods. It is part of the mallow plant family, along with cacao, the source of chocolate, and jute. The okra plant is rich in vitamins A and C, calcium and iron, and can be eaten as part of a healthy diet. Okra seeds can fulfil a variety of uses in the kitchen and garden and, though usually discarded, are an interesting addition to any kitchen pantry.
- Assamese and Marathi: Bhendi
- Hindi and Panjabi: Bhindi
- Gujarathi: Bhinda
- Bengali: Dhenrosh
- Tamil: Bendia kai
- Kannada: Bendakayi
- Telugu: Benda
- oriya: Vendi
- Malayalam: Venda
Okra cultivation in India
Okra can be cultivated in any soil but have to be cultivated on well manured loam soils. Two crops can be get a year. First cultivation season is between April and June and its second crop season is between August and October. Mild temperature, sub-tropical, or tropical conditions are suitable for cultivation of Okra in India. It is an annual, erect herb. Its can grow up to 0.9-2.1 meters. The stem and leaves are covered with hair. It is usually cultivated as a garden crop or mixes field crop. The plant is considered as African or Asian origin. It is well known horticultural crop and it's fruits are used as a vegetable.
Okra cultivated states in India
Flowers:Yellow, crimson centre,
capsules: called pods 12.5-30.0 cm long pyramidal, green colour with longitudinal ridges.
Presently production of Okra seeds is limited to seedlings and regeneration purpose. However, large quantities are being discarded as unfit for seedling purpose, which can be used for Oil extraction. The Okra seeds are small in size and many of them can present in a single fruit. The seeds are round, striated and hairy.
composition of Okra seed
Okra seed oil
The first reference to the high oil contentof okra was that of Jamaienson and Baughman in 1920.They reported on the analysis and characterization of okraseed oil. The percentage of oil is being less than 20.0%. It is not suitable to extract oil by expelling, so the oil is extracted by Solvent extraction only. Okra seed oil (which is Solvent extracted) has bright yellow colour with greenish tinge and fragrant odour. The green colour is due to presence of phenophytin A in the shell. Refined oil has good keeping quality and is suitable for common edible oil usage. The Okra oil contains Alfa and Gama tocopherols. The triglycerides present in the oil are same as cotton seed oil.
Fatty acid composition of Okra seed oil
Specifications of Okra seed oil
|Refractive Index at 400C||1.4620-4-1.4700|
|Specific gravity at 300/300C||0.9160-0.9190|
Okra seed oil uses
- A common edible oil, especially substitute for cotton seed oil.
- Used in the manufacture of vanspati(artificial Ghee).
- SEA HandBook,Solvent extractors'Association of India