|— Gymnast —|
|Full name||Oksana Alexandrovna Omelianchik|
|Country represented||Soviet Union|
|Born||January 2, 1970 or December 31, 1969 (disputed)
Ulan-Ude, Russian SSR, Soviet Union
|Height||140 centimetres (4 ft 7 in)|
|Weight||31 kilograms (68 lb)|
|Discipline||Women's artistic gymnastics|
|Gym||Round Lake national training center; Spartak Kiev|
|Head coach(es)||Valentina Panchenko, Valery Tupitsy, Galina Perskaya|
|Music||1987: Ballet Russe|
Oksana Alexandrovna Omelianchik (Russian: Окса́на Алекса́ндровна Омелья́нчик; alternative transliterations: Oksana Alieksandrovna Omiel'jantchik; Oksana Omeliantchik; Oksana Omelyanchik) is a retired Soviet gymnast and the all-around gold medalist of the 1985 World Championships. Omelianchik was most known for her enthusiastic showmanship, difficulty and originality, including pioneering back-to-back tumbling.
Early life and career
Omelianchik was born on January 2, 1970 or December 31, 1969 in Ulan-Ude, USSR. She was originally a figure skater, and participated in her first skating meet at the age of 6. She began gymnastics on the recommendation of her skating choreographer, who believed she had potential in the sport. She trained at the Spartak club in Kiev, where her coaches included Valentina Panchenko, Valery Tupitsy and Galina Perskaya.
By 1983, Omelianchik was competing internationally for the USSR. At that year's Junior Friendship Tournament (Druzhba), an important meet for junior gymnasts, she earned gold medals on the floor exercise and uneven bars and placed fourth in the all-around competition. At her first USSR Championships in 1983, she placed fifth in the all-around. The next year, she competed in both the junior and senior USSR Championships, winning the all-around silver medal at the former and finishing fourth at the latter, and was selected as the alternate for the Soviet team at the 1984 Friendship Games (also known as 'Olomouc', after the city in which the competition was held).
In 1985, Omelianchik won the Soviet National Championships, beating the future Olympic champion Elena Shushunova. She also competed at the European Championships for the first time, winning the balance beam title showing a triple twist dismount. She also won a bronze medal in the all-around behind Shushunova and East German Maxi Gnauck, silver on the floor exercise and bronze on the uneven bars.
Omelianchik was a member of the first place Soviet team at the 1985 World Gymnastics Championships in Montreal, but struggled in the team competition and did not qualify for the all-around final. However, Soviet team officials decided to pull Olga Mostepanova and Irina Baraksanova, who had both qualified for the finals, and substitute Omelianchik and her teammate Shushunova. The decision proved to be sound; the two Soviet gymnasts tied for the all-around gold and became Worlds co-champions. In the event finals, Omelianchik won the floor gold medal with her "Birdie" exercise, which would become her most well-known routine.
Omelianchik continued to compete for the Soviet team after the World Championships, placing third in the all-around at the 1986 Goodwill Games and third all around at the World Cup in Beijing. She also won the balance beam title and placed second on uneven bars and vault and third on floor exercise. The following year at the World Championships the Soviet team lost the title to a dominant team from Romania. Omelianchik debuted her new vault which introduced the half on technique in the roundoff family of vaults. She also showcased a new floor routine to Ballet Russe and a new triple full to a tuck front rebound, but suffered an uncharacteristic fall in the team competition. She placed fifth all around and failed to qualify for any event finals.
Despite maintaining consistent results within the top the 7 in the USSR Cup and USSR Championships for years, she was not selected for the 1988 Olympics. She was named as an alternate to the team and traveled with them to Seoul, but was not called upon to compete. Her final competition was the 1989 USSR Cup, where she placed 2nd in the all-around.
Omelianchik remains heavily involved in gymnastics as a choreographer, coach and judge. She heads the women's technical committee for the Ukrainian Gymnastics Federation and choreographs routines for many of Ukraine's top gymnnasts, including Alina Kozich and Olga Roshupkina.
In a poll in Inside Gymnastics magazine, she was chosen as one of the "Top Ten All-Around Gymnasts of All Time."
Omelianchik was noted for her innovative skills, clean execution and energetic, inspired presentation. She is also the originator of two skills, which are named after her in the Code of Points.
Floor exercise: Omelianchik was one of the pioneers of back-to-back tumbling, a series of skills in which a gymnast completes one full tumbling run from one end of the FX mat to the other, rebounds, and performs another complete tumbling run in the opposite direction without stopping.
Vault: On vault, "the Omelianchik" is a round-off half-on front pike.
- "Oksana and gymnastics" Valentina Pozhilova,Sport in the USSR, July 1986
- Biography and list of competitive results at Gymn-Forum
- "They Gave It Their All" Yevgeny Lanfang, Moscow News No. 47, 1985
- "Whatever happened to Oksana Omelianchik?" Gymnastics Greats, 2002
- "Sprite Fight" Jill Smolowe, Time, September 19, 1988
- "In Our Spotlight: Alina Kozich" International Gymnast, June/July 2004
- "Top 10 gymnasts of all time". Inside Gymnastics[dead link]
- Breakdown of vaults in the 2005-2006 Code of Points at Shanfan.com
- Breakdown of beam elements in the 2005-2006 Code of Points at Shanfan.com
- Whatever happened to Oksana Omelianchik?
- List of competition results at Gymn Forum
- Video of Oksana Omelianchik performing Omelianchik vault - 1987 Worlds, team optionals[dead link]
- Animation of a gymnast performing Omelianchik vault