Okulovka (town), Novgorod Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Okulovka.
Okulovka (English)
Окуловка (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Okulovka houses 01.jpg
A street in Okulovka
Map of Russia - Novgorod Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Novgorod Oblast in Russia
Okulovka is located in Novgorod Oblast
Okulovka
Okulovka
Location of Okulovka in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 58°22′N 33°20′E / 58.367°N 33.333°E / 58.367; 33.333Coordinates: 58°22′N 33°20′E / 58.367°N 33.333°E / 58.367; 33.333
Okulov.png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of April 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative district Okulovsky District[1]
Town of district significance Okulovka[2]
Administrative center of Okulovsky District,[1] town of district significance of Okulovka[2]
Municipal status (as of September 2010)
Municipal district Okulovsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Okulovskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Administrative center of Okulovsky Municipal District,[3] Okulovskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 12,464 inhabitants[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Founded 1851[7]
Town status since January 12, 1965[7]
Postal code(s)[8] 174350–174353
Official website
Okulovka on WikiCommons

Okulovka (Russian: Оку́ловка) is a town and the administrative center of Okulovsky District in Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located in the Valdai Hills, on the Peretna River, 140 kilometers (87 mi) east of Veliky Novgorod, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 12,464 (2010 Census);[5] 14,470 (2002 Census);[9] 17,197 (1989 Census).[10]

History[edit]

Settlements located in the current area of Okulovsky district were first mentioned in chronicles in 1495 as belonging to Derevskaya pyatina.[7] However, the settlement of Okulovka has only been known since 1851 and appeared in connection with the construction of the Nikolayevskaya Railway which connected Moscow and St. Petersburg.[citation needed] Okulovka developed first as a settlement serving the railway stations and eventually industries proliferated.[7] It initially was a part of Borovichsky Uyezd in Novgorod Governorate. In the beginning of the 20th century, it was the administrative center of Okulovskaya Volost of Malovishersky Uyezd in Novgorod Governorate.

In August 1927, the uyezds were abolished and, effective October 1, 1927, Okulovsky District was established, with the administrative center in Okulovka.[11] Novgorod Governorate was abolished as well and the district became a part of Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[11] Okulovka was granted urban-type settlement status on June 25, 1928.[11] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[11] During World War II, Okulovsky District was not occupied by German troops; however, being adjacent to the front line, Okulovka played an important role.[7] On July 5, 1944, Okulovsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast and remained there ever since.[12] On January 12, 1965, the urban-type settlements of Okulovka and Parakhino-Poddubye were merged to form the town of Okulovka, which became the administrative center of Okulovsky District.[7]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Okulovka serves as the administrative center of Okulovsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Okulovsky District as the town of district significance of Okulovka.[2] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Okulovka is incorporated within Okulovsky Municipal District as Okulovskoye Urban Settlement.[4]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are three big factories in Okulovka, producing wire, electronics, and furniture. There are also smaller-scale enterprises of textile industry and of food industry.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Okulovka is an important station on the Moscow–St. Petersburg Railway, the first long-distance railway constructed in Russia, opened in 1851 and built as a straight line. Another line to Nebolchi via Lyubytino branches off to the northeast. Okulovka is a terminal station for suburban trains, which leave in three directions: to Bologoye, Malaya Vishera, and Nebolchi. Most of the long-distance trains call at Okulovka as well.

The historical building of the railway station was demolished in 2003 under the pretext of the construction of the speed rail tracks for the Sapsan train. Money was allocated for the construction of the new station building, but as of 2011, the construction did not start.[14]

Okulovka is connected by roads with Borovichi, Tikhvin (via Lyubytino), Bologoye via (Lykoshino), and Kresttsy. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Okulovka contains twenty-nine cultural heritage monuments of local significance.[15] These include pre-1917 houses and workshops, monuments to fallen soldiers, and one archaeological site.

Okulovka is home to the Miklukho-Maklay Okulovka District Museum.[16] It is named after Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay, a Russian ethnographer notable for his studies of indigenous population of Papua. Miklouho-Maclay was born on the territory of what now is Okulovsky District, where his father, a construction engineer, was involved in the railroad construction.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b Law #284-OZ
  4. ^ a b c Law #355-OZ
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ a b c d e f История (in Russian). Администрация Окуловского муниципального района. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d Snytko et al., pp. 85–86
  12. ^ Snytko et al., p. 93
  13. ^ Социально-экономическая информация (in Russian). Администрация Окуловского муниципального района. Retrieved January 24, 2012. 
  14. ^ Размахнин, Антон (December 4, 2011). "Сапсан" должен быть разрушен?. Свободная Пресса (in Russian). Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved January 25, 2011. 
  16. ^ Районный краеведческий музей им. Н. Н. Миклухо-Маклая (in Russian). Комитет по делам молодежи, культуры и туризма Администрации Окуловского муниципального района. Retrieved January 25, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Снытко, О. В. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). St. Petersburg. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №533-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Новгородского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #533-OZ of April 1, 2014 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations On the Territory of Novgorodsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #408 of August 4, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №284-ОЗ от 7 июня 2004 г. «О наделении сельских районов и города Великий Новгород статусом муниципальных районов и городского округа Новгородской области и утверждении границ их территорий», в ред. Областного закона №818-ОЗ от 3 сентября 2010 г «О внесении изменения в областной Закон "О наделении сельских районов и города Великий Новгород статусом муниципальных районов и городского округа Новгородской области и утверждении границ их территорий"». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №86, 22 июня 2004 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #284-OZ of June 7, 2004 On Granting the Status of Municipal Districts and Urban Okrug of Novgorod Oblast to the Rural Districts and the City of Veliky Novgorod and on Establishing the Borders of Their Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #818-OZ of September 3, 2010 On Amending the Oblast Law "On Granting the Status of Municipal Districts and Urban Okrug of Novgorod Oblast to the Rural Districts and the City of Veliky Novgorod and on Establishing the Borders of Their Territories". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №355-ОЗ от 2 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Окуловского муниципального района, наделении их статусом городских и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №358-ОЗ от 28 октября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в областной Закон "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Окуловского муниципального района, наделении их статусом городских и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений"». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №82, 15 декабря 2004 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #355-OZ of December 2, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Okulovsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #358-OZ of October 28, 2013 On Amending the Oblast Law "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Okulovsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).