Okutadami Dam

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Okutadami Dam
Okutadami Dam 001.jpg
Okutadami Dam is located in Japan
Okutadami Dam
Location of Okutadami Dam
Country Japan
Location Uonuma
Coordinates 37°09′12″N 139°15′00″E / 37.15333°N 139.25000°E / 37.15333; 139.25000Coordinates: 37°09′12″N 139°15′00″E / 37.15333°N 139.25000°E / 37.15333; 139.25000
Construction began 1953
Opening date 1961
Owner(s) Electric Power Development Company
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Gravity
Impounds Tadami River
Height 157 m (515 ft)
Length 475 m (1,558 ft)
Dam volume 1,636,000 m3 (2,139,807 cu yd)
Reservoir
Creates Lake Okutadami
Total capacity 601,000,000 m3 (487,239 acre·ft)
Active capacity 458,000,000 m3 (371,307 acre·ft)
Catchment area 595 km2 (230 sq mi)
Surface area 1,150 ha (2,842 acres)[1]
Normal elevation 750 m (2,461 ft)
Power station
Commission date 1960, 2003
Hydraulic head 120 MW units: 170 m (558 ft)
200 MW unit: 164.2 m (539 ft)
Turbines 3 x 120 MW, 1 x 200 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 560 MW

The Okutadami Dam (奥只見ダム) is a concrete gravity dam on the Tadami River, 26 km (16 mi) east of Uonuma on the border of Niigata and Fukushima Prefectures, Japan. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and it supports a 560 MW power station which is the largest conventional hydroelectric power station in Japan.[2] The dam also forms the second largest reservoir in Japan, next to that of the Tokuyama Dam.[3]

Background[edit]

Construction on the dam began and its original 360 MW power station was commissioned 2 December 1960. The rest of the project was complete in 1961. Between 1999 and 2003, the power station was expanded, adding an additional 200 MW in installed capacity. In addition, a 2.7 MW generator was added to ensure a flow of 2.5 m3/s (88 cu ft/s) downstream for environmental purposes.[2] Along with the same power plant upgrade, a second Kaplan turbine-generator was added to the 83 m (272 ft) tall Otori Dam's power station downstream at 37°12′53″N 139°12′50″E / 37.21472°N 139.21389°E / 37.21472; 139.21389 (Otori Dam). This generator has an 87 MW capacity in addition to the existing 95 MW unit, for an installed capacity of 182 MW.[4]

Design[edit]

The Okutadami Dam is a 157 m (515 ft) tall and 475 m (1,558 ft) long concrete gravity dam with a structural volume of 1,636,000 m3 (2,139,807 cu yd). Sitting at the head of a 595 km2 (230 sq mi) catchment area, the dam creates a reservoir with a 601,000,000 m3 (487,239 acre·ft) capacity of which 458,000,000 m3 (371,307 acre·ft) is active (or "useful") storage. The reservoir has a surface area of 1,150 ha (2,842 acres). The power station is underground and located on the right bank of the river next to the dam's abutment. It consists of two underground caverns, one for the original power station and another adjacent for the expansion. After being received by the dam's intake, water supplied to the original power plant travels down three penstocks 185–189 m (607–620 ft) in length before reaching an individual 120 MW Francis turbine-generator. The 200 MW Francis turbine-generator receives water via a 280 m (919 ft) long penstock. After water is processed through the generators, its travels down two tailrace tunnels before being discharged over 3 km (2 mi) downstream at the upstream edge of the Otori Reservoir.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Okutadami Dam". Japan Dam Handbook. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Start of Commercial Operation of the Okutadami (Extension) and Otori (Extension) Hydropower Plants and of the Okutadami-dam Ecological Flow Hydropower Plant". J-Power. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "Dam Okutadami" (in Japanese). DamMania. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  4. ^ Sato, Asami; Keiichi Got0. "Commissioning of 87,000-kW Kaplan Turbine and Generator for Otori Power Statio". Hitachi. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  5. ^ "Case study 01-02: Biological Diversity - Okutadami and Ohtori Expansion Hydropower Project, Japan". IEA Hydropower Implementing Agreement Annex VIII: Hydropower Good Practices: Environmental Mitigation Measures and Benefit. New Energy Foundation. 2006. Retrieved 14 August 2011.