Olaf Sporns

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Olaf Sporns
Olaf Sporns.png
Olaf Sporns
Born September 18, 1963
Kiel
Residence Flag of the United States.svg U.S.
Nationality Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Fields Neuroscience, Cognitive Science
Institutions Indiana University
Alma mater 1986
Eberhard Karls University of TübingenB.A., Rockefeller University Ph.D., 1990

Olaf Sporns (b. Kiel, West Germany) is Provost Professor in Psychological and Brain Sciences at Indiana University.

Dr. Sporns received his degree from Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen in Tübingen, West Germany before going to New York to study at the Rockefeller University under Gerald Edelman. After receiving his doctorate, he followed Edelman to the Neurosciences Institute in La Jolla, California.

His focus is in the area of computational cognitive neuroscience. His topics of study include functional integration and binding in the cerebral cortex; neural models of perception and action; network structure and dynamics; applications of information theory to the brain; and embodied cognitive science using robotics.[1] He was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 2011 in the Natural Sciences category.

Research[edit]

Brain Complexity

One of the core areas of research being conducted by Dr. Sporns is in the area of complexity of the brain. One aspect in particular is how small world[clarification needed] effects are seen in the neural connections which are decentralized in the brain.[2] Research in collaboration with scientists across the world has revealed that there are pathways in the brain that are very well connected.[3] This is insightful for understanding how the architecture of the brain may relate to schizophrenia, autism, and Alzheimer's disease.

Dr. Sporns is also interested in understanding the relationship between statistical properties of neuronal populations and perceptual data. How does an organism use and structure its environment in such a way as to achieve (statistically) complex input? To this end, he has run statistical analysis on movement patterns and input within simulations, videos, and robotic devices.

He has edited a paper purporting to provide the ultimate method of combating jetlag.[4]

Reward Systems

Dr. Sporns also has a research interest in reward models of the brain utilizing robots.[5] The reward models have shown ways in which dopamine is onset by drug addiction.

Other

Though not directly related to his core research, PC Magazine reported how the Cognitive Computational Neuroscience Lab is developing robots with human-like qualities in their ability to learn.[6]

Publications[edit]

Books
Articles

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Psychology Faculty". Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  2. ^ "Get Connected". Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  3. ^ "Finding the Core of the Brain". Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  4. ^ Serkh K, Forger DB (2014) Optimal Schedules of Light Exposure for Rapidly Correcting Circadian Misalignment. PLoS Comput Biol 10(4): e1003523. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003523 Retrieved 27 April 2014
  5. ^ "Rewarding Robots for Good Behaviour". Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  6. ^ "Robo decisions". Retrieved 2008-08-31. [dead link]

See also[edit]