Olbia

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For other places with the same name, see Olbia (disambiguation).
"Terranuova" redirects here. For other uses, see Terra Nova (disambiguation) and Terranuova Bracciolini.
Olbia
Comune
Comune di Olbia
Piazza Regina Margherita
Piazza Regina Margherita
Coat of arms of Olbia
Coat of arms
Olbia is located in Italy
Olbia
Olbia
Location of Olbia in Italy
Coordinates: 40°55′N 09°30′E / 40.917°N 9.500°E / 40.917; 9.500
Country Italy
Region Sardinia
Province Olbia-Tempio (OT)
Frazioni Berchiddeddu, Murta Maria, Pittulongu, Rudalza-Porto Rotondo, San Pantaleo
Government
 • Mayor Giovanni Enrico Giovannelli
Area
 • Total 383.64 km2 (148.12 sq mi)
Population (28 February 2014)[1]
 • Total 58,066
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Demonym Olbiesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 07026
Dialing code 0789
Patron saint San Simplicio
Saint day May 15
Website Official website

Olbia (Italian: [ˈɔlbja] ( ), or locally [ˈolbja]; Gallurese Tarranòa, Sardinian: Terranòa) is a city and comune of 58,066 inhabitants (February 2014) in northeastern Sardinia (Italy), in the Gallura sub-region. Called Olbia in the Roman age, Civita in the Middle Ages (Giudicati period) and Terranova Pausania before the 1940s, Olbia was again the official name of the city during the period of Fascism.

Geography[edit]

It is the economic centre of this part of the island (commercial centres, food industry) and is very close to the famous Costa Smeralda tourist area. It is one of the administrative capitals of the province of Olbia-Tempio, operative since 2005 and canceled after a referendum seven years later. A dynamic city, which presents itself as a tourist destination, for the beautiful sea and beaches and also for the large number of places of cultural interest to visit.

History[edit]

Olbia (the name is of Greek origin) is very ancient and was possibly founded by the Punics, according to the archaeological findings. It contains ruins from Phoenician and Carthaginian settlement to the Roman Era, when it was an important port, and the Middle Ages, when it was the capital of the Giudicato of Gallura, one of the four independent states of Sardinia.

Main sights[edit]

  • the Romanesque former cathedral of San Simplicio (11th-12th century).
  • the Church of St. Paul Apostle (medieval period)
  • National Archaeology Museum

Transportation[edit]

Olbia Airport departures area

Olbia is the main connection between Sardinia and the Italian peninsula, with an airport (Olbia - Costa Smeralda), a passenger port (Olbia-Isola Bianca), and a railway from Olbia railway station to Porto Torres, Golfo Aranci and Cagliari. There is an expressway to Nuoro and Cagliari (SS131) and national roads to Sassari (SS199-E840), Tempio Pausania (SS127), and Palau (SS125).

Climate[edit]

Olbia has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with very mild winters, warm springs and autumns and hot summers.

Climate data for Olbia, Sardinia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.1
(77.2)
24.5
(76.1)
28.0
(82.4)
27.8
(82)
35.0
(95)
39.9
(103.8)
42.2
(108)
41.0
(105.8)
38.3
(100.9)
32.5
(90.5)
29.0
(84.2)
24.0
(75.2)
42.2
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
15.2
(59.4)
16.5
(61.7)
18.4
(65.1)
22.7
(72.9)
27.6
(81.7)
30.5
(86.9)
30.8
(87.4)
27.0
(80.6)
22.2
(72)
17.8
(64)
15.4
(59.7)
21.56
(70.81)
Average low °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
5.9
(42.6)
6.3
(43.3)
8.2
(46.8)
11.3
(52.3)
15.4
(59.7)
18.3
(64.9)
18.5
(65.3)
15.9
(60.6)
11.8
(53.2)
8.0
(46.4)
6.1
(43)
10.91
(51.63)
Record low °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.9
(39)
7.0
(44.6)
12.0
(53.6)
10.0
(50)
8.9
(48)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
−4.2
(24.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 47.3
(1.862)
72.6
(2.858)
63.4
(2.496)
56.1
(2.209)
37.4
(1.472)
18.4
(0.724)
6.4
(0.252)
28.1
(1.106)
40.8
(1.606)
58.4
(2.299)
55.6
(2.189)
97.9
(3.854)
582.4
(22.927)
Avg. precipitation days 7 8 8 8 4 3 1 3 5 5 6 9 67
Source: worldclimateguide and stazione metereologica olbia costa smeralda[2]

Economy[edit]

Meridiana Fly has its head office on the grounds of Olbia - Costa Smeralda Airport.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population data from Istat
  2. ^ "Climate Statistics for Olbia, Sardinia". Retrieved Friday, March 2013.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ "Read the Legal Info of Meridiana fly S.p.a." Meridiana Fly. Retrieved on 22 June 2010.

External links[edit]