Old Botanical Garden, Zürich
The Old Botanical Garden (German: Alter Botanischer Garten) is a botanical garden and arboretum in the Swiss city of Zürich. The garden is, among the neighbored Schanzengraben moat and the the Bauschänzl bastion, one of the last remains of the Baroque fortifications of Zürich, that was begun in 1642.
The Garden is located on the former zur Katz bastion in the city centre near the Sihlporte area. Opening times are daily from April to September 7:00–19.00 (7 pm), October to March 8:00–18:00 (6 pm). Trams 2 and 9 stop at the nearby Sihlstrasse stop.
Although the Old Botanical Garden is owned by the University of Zurich, it should not be mistaken for the Botanical Garden of the University of Zurich, opened in 1977 and located at Zollikerstrasse in the Weinegg quarter of the city.
The origins of the first botanical garden lie in Conrad Gessner's (* 1516, † 1565) private herbarium. A Gessner descendant, physician and naturalist Johannes Gessner (* 1709, † 1790), founded Zürich's first botanical garden in 1746, in co-operation with the Naturforschende Gesellschaft Zürich (Zürich Botanical Society).
In 1833, the Canton of Zurich changed this first location to the so-called Schimmelgut, as the University of Zurich was founded. On dissolution of the ramparts «zur Katz» in 1837, the still existing plant at Schanzengraben moat was built. The garden was designed by the University's gardener Leopold Karl Theodor Fröbel (* 1810, † 1907). In 1851 its Palmhaus (a greenhouse) was opened – constructed of glass and wood, in 1877, the octagonal glass pavilion got an iron frame. Today, the pavilion is primarily used for concerts, theater and exhibitions.
The terrain of the garden was limited by surrounding buildings, whilst the shadows of these buildings hindered growth conditions for the plants. Thus in second half of the 20th century, an urgently needed expansion was impossible, and as the botanical buildings were in poor condition, the administration decided to move the gardens from the city center to a more peripheral location within the city, where there was room to expand. In 1971 the old park of the Bodmer-Abegg family in the Weinegg quarter was selected, and in 1976 the new botanical garden was opened there.
Since 1976 the Old Botanical Garden, as it is now known, has been used as a recreation area, as the location of the Völkerkundemuseum (ethnological museum) of the University of Zürich, as the site of an arboretum and of the so-called Gessner-Garten.
Arboretum and Gessner-Garten
The arboretum is still remarkable, as is the idyllic location on the Schanzengraben moat in the midst of Zürich, and therefore the garden is a popular recreation area.
Gessner-Garten on the hilltop, a medieval herb garden, is a memorial to Conrad Gessner. The southern gun bastion of the fortifications of Zürich was at the highest point of the former ramparts zur Katz. The guns at the fortification were called Katz. Opened on 27 May 1997, the garden was built by private horticultural companies and financed by the Pro Katz foundation, with the object of maintaining the botanical garden. At the northern end of the herb garden, we find the Conrad Gessner memorial.
The Gessner garden shows 50 medicinal plants (herbs and shrubs), used by 16th century's healers, each with a citation of a healer from that period, such as Cynara cardunculus, Potentilla erecta, Linum usitatissimum, Paeonia officinalis, Silybum marianum, Juniperus communis, Fragaria vesca, Artemisia absinthium and more. The garden features herbs, which for centuries have been healing illness or having beneficial effects in infirmity. The signs by the plants give us an insight into the medicinal knowledge of Conrad Gessner and his contemporaries, such as Hieronymus Bock (* 1498, † 1554) and Leon Hart Fuchs (* 1501, † 1566). Another herb garden dedicated to Conrad Gessner is situated in the former cloister of the Grossmünster respectively Carolinum.
Schanzengraben, remaining «zur Katz» fortification and parts of the arboretum, as see from Sihlporte
Bauschänzli is listed in the Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance as a Class A object.
- "Bauschänzli" (in German). Tiefbau und Entsorgungsdepartement Stadt Zürich. Retrieved 2015-01-05.
- "Schanzengraben" (in German). Tiefbau und Entsorgungsdepartement Stadt Zürich. Retrieved 2015-01-14.
- "Der alte Botanische Garten" [The Old Botanical Garden] (in German). University of Zurich. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- "A-Objekte KGS-Inventar". Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft, Amt für Bevölkerungsschutz. 2009. Retrieved 2015-01-14.
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