Old Buckenham

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Coordinates: 52°28′N 1°02′E / 52.47°N 1.03°E / 52.47; 1.03

Old Buckenham
Old Buckenham Church - geograph.org.uk - 380007.jpg
All Saints Church, Old Buckenham
Old Buckenham is located in Norfolk
Old Buckenham
Old Buckenham
 Old Buckenham shown within Norfolk
Area  20.06 km2 (7.75 sq mi)
Population 1,294 (2001 census)
    - Density  65 /km2 (170 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TM0691
Civil parish Old Buckenham
District Breckland
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ATTLEBOROUGH
Postcode district NR17
Dialling code 01953
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South West Norfolk
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Old Buckenham is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk, approximately 29 km (18 mi) south-west of Norwich. It covers an area of 20.06 km2 (7.75 sq mi) and had a population of 1,294 in 658 households at the 2001 census[1] For the purposes of local government, it falls within the district of Breckland.

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Old Buckenham was listed as Bucham, Buccham or Bucheham in the 1068 Domesday Book. The name comes from the Old English for "homestead of a man called Bucca".[2]

Nineteenth century[edit]

During the nineteenth century there was a small Sandemanian community in the village which the natural philosopher Michael Faraday visited many times in the 1850s and 1860s.[3]

Governance[edit]

Old Buckenham is in the Buckenham ward of the district of Breckland. It is part of the constituency of South West Norfolk, represented at parliament by Conservative MP Elizabeth Truss.[4] It is part of the East of England constituency of the European Parliament.

Geography[edit]

Old Buckenham windmill

Old Buckenham is in the southern part of the county of Norfolk, approximately 29 km (18 mi) south-west of Norwich and about 5 km (3.1 mi) south of its post town, Attleborough. Nearby villages include New Buckenham, Puddledock, Wilby and Banham.

Old Buckenham Airport lies to the north-west of the village. The remains of Old Buckenham Castle and Old Buckenham Priory are nearby.

Old Buckenham windmill is a preserved towermill built in 1818, originally having 8 common sails but now having four patent sails. It is well known in the mill world for having the largest windmill circumference in Britain and houses five stones. The granary next door had four pairs driven by a steam (later oil) engine. The mill is open several times a year.[5]

Education[edit]

Old Buckenham has a high school (Old Buckenham High School), and a primary school.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council (2001). Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  2. ^ Mills, A. D. (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford University Press. p. 60. ISBN 0-19-280074-4. 
  3. ^ James, Frank A. J. L.; Michael Faraday (1999). The Correspondence of Michael Faraday. IET. pp. xxviii. ISBN 0-86341-251-3. 
  4. ^ "Norfolk Parish Parliamentary Representation" (PDF). Norfolk County Council. Retrieved 2008-06-01. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Old Buckenham towermill". Retrieved 9 March 2014.