Old Georgian language

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Old Georgian
ენაჲ ქართული
Native to Iberia/Georgia
Region Transcaucasus
Era 4th to 11th centuries
Kartvelian
  • Old Georgian
Language codes
ISO 639-3 oge
Linguist list
oge
Glottolog oldg1234[1]

Old Georgian (ძველი ქართული ენა) was the literary language of Christian Georgia beginning in the 4th century. The language remains as the only liturgical language of the Georgian Orthodox Church.

Spoken Old Georgian gave way to what is classified as Middle Georgian in the 11th century, which in turn developed into the modern Georgian language in the 17th century.

Fähnrich (1994) distinguishes three stages of Old Georgian: Chanmeti (4th to 7th centuries), Haemeti (7th and 8th centuries) and Sani (9th to 11th centuries), noting grammatical difference between the extant texts of these stages. The texts of the Chanmeti and Haemeti stages (also known as "Early Old Georgian") are almost exclusively religious in nature, but from the 9th century (Sani, also known as "Classical Old Georgian"), there was a literary tradition with a wider scope, including philosophilcal and historiographical documents.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Old Georgian". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Fähnrich, H. (1994). Grammatik der altgeorgischen Sprache. Hamburg: Buske.