Old Indian Meeting House
Old Indian Meeting House
|Architect||Hinckley, Deacon John|
|Architectural style||Colonial, Greek Revival, Italianate|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||December 3, 1998|
The Old Indian Meeting House (also known as the Old Indian Church) is a historic meeting house at 410 Meetinghouse Road in Mashpee, Massachusetts. The meetinghouse is the oldest Native American church in the eastern United States and the oldest church on Cape Cod.
The church was built in 1684 by Deacon John Hinckley on the site of an earlier Indian meetinghouse built in 1670. It was used by the Wampanoag Native Americans as a Christian church. In 1717 the church was moved from its original location in the town to its current one, and the building was remodeled. The building also served as a school. In the late eighteenth century, a cemetery ("burial ground") was founded on the church grounds.
With almost four centuries of Native American leadership and ministry, the Old Meeting House is a place of historic and spiritual significance to the Mashpee Wampanoag tribe. In 1833 it was the site of the famous Mashpee Revolt, when tribal members and their minister, William Apess (Pequot), protested state intrusions on their self-governance, and white settlers' theft of wood from tribal lands. The site was re-dedicated in 1923 and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. In 2009, the Mashpee tribe celebrated its reconstruction and formal re-opening.
- Oldest churches in the United States
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Barnstable County, Massachusetts
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- Rudy Mitchell, "New England's Native Americans," Emmanuel Research Review, Issue No. 32, November 2007
- Genealogy Magazine
- Massachusetts:A Guide to Its Places and People, Federal Writers Project,(U.S. History Publishers) pg. 594 ISBN 1-60354-020-2
- Kennedy, Frances (2008). American Indian Places: A Historical Guidebook. Houghton Mifflin. p. 39. ISBN 9780395633366.
- Kehrl, Brian (12 December 2009). "Mashpee Old Indian Meetinghouse Reopened". Mashpee Enterprise. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
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